Near A look at the Top 5 most exciting events in Near history

<p>It has been a little over two years since Near's mainnet launched and a wave of web 3.0 mass adoption started. The network has achieved over 20M accounts, 200M transactions and 800 on-chain projects.</p><p>We at P2P have decided to look back at the history of Near and highlight the events that caused the highest on-chain activity. We analyzed the dynamics of the daily number of transactions and new accounts, gathered data on how many likes Near official Twitter account collected and present all of this on a chart. Through our analysis, we spotted 5 big spikes and examined the events that caused them.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/p-k8p0tT1bSupBucMyf6ycLmnE9LtwWx828km08s1AXwNARd4R6PHiOnKuksk2_lzmz5cTpxum9BZqmu8pOPMcDQAz1DZHf4_HZ9UtCPyHBHHerb1Y3_5mP1uKA9AvFSQtLd0TpPl-z9aUcVMp2laBR19SQTiq0AH8kL6GoHhTrWNqo-DOMrDn1sN-unLA" class="kg-image" alt="Near blockchain transactions" loading="lazy"></figure><h3 id="huge-funding-raisejanuary-10-to-16-2022">Huge Funding Raise -  January 10 to 16, 2022 </h3><p>On January 10, 2022, Forbes listed Near as the 3rd fastest-growing crypto ecosystem, based on the growth of the number of full-time developers from 2020 to 2021. This tweet became the most-liked in the history of @NEARprotocol (33.7k likes and 2.7k retweets). As of today, Near is still in the top 4 by weekly active developers.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/MTJRdrelmBd2WgA3SZU-viQejaVA4o1oCHg4DpkC5ZnNXynz9USvmvcTYUBypGiAuFgoUYf_5P4iq2S41v5aTt6dFVeP0fD1-hOCcJKofHG4qHIn49MVPXUI4Lv1mHk-Zn0ypYtwNCxfXBM5mgXxUUYjXECUj0ZniKDUrgJySzqWS4l9eJMlNsWSa6MbJg" class="kg-image" alt="The 10 Fastest-Growing Cruptoccurency Ecosystems" loading="lazy"></figure><p>Shortly after, Near raised $150 million, supported by crypto-native funds including Mechanism Capital, Dragonfly Capital, a16z, Jump, Zee Prime, FoliuBN s, Amber Group, 6th Man Ventures, Circle Ventures, and MetaWeb Ventures.</p><p>“With multichain interoperability of Rainbow Bridge, Aurora (EVM), Octopus (Substrate), and NEAR native’s Nightshade sharding technology, NEAR is best suited for empowering blockchain applications for mainstream adoption,” said Amos Zhang, founder of MetaWeb Ventures.</p><p>Taking into consideration that only $65.9M were previously raised, such a massive investment led to a surge in interest in Near and the second-largest spike in the number of transactions and accounts was registered (up to 1.8M transactions and 0.6M new accounts a day).</p><h3 id="nft-boom-and-near-crowdmarch-15-to-21-2022">NFT BOOM and NEAR Crowd - March 15 to 21, 2022</h3><p>From March 15 to March 21, the Near network reached over 1M transactions and 270k accounts. During this time the Network achieved over 4 million total accounts and was equipped with strong developer tools attracting more and more enthusiasts to build their project.</p><p>One such project was NEARApss - an NFT platform that provided a convenient way to create and share digital art. On 20th March it generated over 500k transactions but shortly after became inactive.</p><p>The second most popular dApp back then which generated over 39k transactions/day was NEAR Crowd. It is a service that allows people to earn NEAR by completing small tasks like describing an image, writing an article or transcribing short audio clips, which are usually aimed at training machine learning algorithms. To ensure tasks are completed properly, some people are paid to verify that tasks were completed accurately. To keep these workers vigilant, honeypots exist. Honeypots are tasks that are intentionally completed with mistakes.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/11/image.png" class="kg-image" alt="NEAR crowd - complete tasks to earn NEAR" loading="lazy" width="1600" height="1151" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/11/image.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/11/image.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/11/image.png 1600w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>For small tasks, the price varies from 0.1 to 1 NEAR while more significant tasks could pay up to 5 NEAR. Working 2-3h a day could generate a 400-800$ income per month.</p><h3 id="sweatcoinmay-1-to-6-2022">Sweatcoin - May 1 to 6, 2022</h3><p>In April 2022 Sweatcoin announced a partnership with Near. On May 4th Sweatcoin airdrop generated over 0.5M transactions which made the network exceed 1.2M daily transactions.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/11/image-2.png" class="kg-image" alt="Sweatcoin - earn SWEAT" loading="lazy" width="1600" height="829" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/11/image-2.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/11/image-2.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/11/image-2.png 1600w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Sweatcoin is a free app that rewards users’ daily steps with a native token SWEAT. It’s the #1 app in over 60 countries and has 120M+ accounts.</p><p>Right now you can earn 1 SWEAT - which is around 0.02$ - for every 1 000 steps. However, tokens get increasingly more difficult to mint as time passes. This means that over time it will require increasingly more steps to gain SWEAT. It is also only possible to mint SWEAT for the first 5000 steps done each day, the subsequent 5000 will reward you with Sweatcoin - a token that can not be traded and is only used for rewards in the Sweatcoin shop.</p><h3 id="pizzamakeraugust-21-to-22-2022">Pizzamaker - August 21 to 22, 2022</h3><p>On August 22, we witnessed the largest spike in transactions in Near history. Over 2M transactions and more than 75% came from one account named “pizzamaker.near”.</p><p>No one knows for sure what was the real purpose behind those transactions. We analyzed the behaviour of this account and noticed that most of the transactions were related to Ref Finance and Jumbo, the biggest exchange platforms on Near. He was active from February 2022 and on average sends around 2k transactions per day. However, on August 20 and 21 this account made 1.2M and 1.6M transactions respectively and paid over $15k in fees. Taking everything into consideration,  we assume that this is an arbitrage bot that was misconfigured at that point in time.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/11/image-5.png" class="kg-image" alt="Near transactions by month 2022" loading="lazy" width="1600" height="693" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/11/image-5.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/11/image-5.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/11/image-5.png 1600w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><h3 id="nearconseptember-11-to-14-2022">Nearcon - September 11 to 14, 2022</h3><p>On September 11, the Near foundation held the incredible Nearcon event. It took place in Lisbon and had 3 giant stages and over 220 speakers. Big announcements were expected at this conference and it attracted more than 100k new users every day which fueled the network with more than 1M transactions per day.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/11/image-1.png" class="kg-image" alt="Nearcon 2022 in Lisbon" loading="lazy" width="1600" height="901" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/11/image-1.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/11/image-1.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/11/image-1.png 1600w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Here’s a highlight of the most notable announcements:</p><p><strong>Nightshade Sharding Phase 1 launch</strong> - an important mechanism that helps scale the network and keep transaction fees low.</p><p><strong>Javascript SDK release</strong> - a collection of software development tools, that made it possible to write smart contracts in JavaScript, by far one of the most popular programming languages. The Near network and web3.0 apps became accessible to 12 million JS developers.</p><p><strong>USDT release</strong> - USDT is a popular stablecoin and it was announced to be launching on Near.</p><p><strong>NDC introduction</strong> - a community-driven initiative to empower ecosystem-wide decentralization through transparent governance, on-chain decision-making and treasury management.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/11/image-3.png" class="kg-image" alt="NEAR" loading="lazy" width="1600" height="806" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/11/image-3.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/11/image-3.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/11/image-3.png 1600w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>For the past 2 years, Near has seen a lot of activity and growth. There’s still a lot more to come and at P2P we are excited to be part of this journey. </p><p>To support the community and celebrate NEAR, we are offering a 0% fee on Near staking until the end of 2022. Visit <a href="p2p.org/near">p2p.org/near</a> for more details. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/11/image-4.png" class="kg-image" alt="Near staking - 0% fee" loading="lazy" width="1600" height="901" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/11/image-4.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/11/image-4.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/11/image-4.png 1600w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><hr><h3 id="about-p2p"><strong>About P2P</strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only top-notch staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong><strong>more than 1,5 billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong></strong> We have successfully participated in AIT3 and joined Aptos as a partner. P2P is committed to the long term success of the Aptos.</p><p></p><p><br></p><p><br></p><p><br></p><p><br></p><p><br></p><p><br></p><p><br></p><p><br></p><p><br></p>

P2P Validator

from p2p validator

Chainlink Chainlink staking overview

<p>Staking will be a major breakthrough for Chainlink and the community from a number of different perspectives. Let us uncover how you put your LINK tokens to use and get rewards for helping Chainlink secure DeFi and the larger Web3 ecosystem.</p><h2 id="chainlink-recap"><strong>Chainlink recap</strong></h2><p>As you know, Chainlink is the industry standard oracle network that has enabled over $6.4 trillion in transaction value across Ethereum, Polygon, Solana, and 12 other blockchain networks, at the time of writing. They do so by providing highly available and accurate on-chain market data, for hundreds of data feeds. When you use a DeFi application on Ethereum, it is highly likely that it leverages Chainlink Data Feeds to get the latest token prices in order to execute a lending, swap, or any other smart contract.</p><p>The Chainlink Network achieves decentralization and security in two ways:</p><ul><li>A node operator uses multiple data APIs to get price updates, so that if one of them fails, the others still can provide accurate information;</li><li>Multiple node operators handle the same price feed, so that if a few of them fail to provide an accurate data update, the reported price can still be relied upon.</li></ul><p>The value in this approach to decentralization has been shown time and again during periods of extreme market volatility, when Chainlink’s multiple layers of decentralization and defence-in-depth design help mitigate the risk of market manipulation, oracle attacks, and other exploits.</p><p>P2P has been operating on Chainlink for the last two years and <strong>supports </strong>price feeds and <strong>automation </strong>for Ethereum, Solana, Moonriver, Fantom, Harmony, and Avalanche.</p><h2 id="why-implement-staking-now"><strong>Why implement staking now?</strong></h2><p>As the total value secured by Chainlink oracle networks grows, the reward for a hypothetical attack increases, hence a need for increased cryptoeconomic security that maximizes the cost of attack for malicious actors. As of now, the node operators are sufficiently decentralized and perform well enough so that further improvements in this area only provide marginal gains. Staking however, can drive way more significant security improvements via new incentives for the node operators and token holders.</p><h3 id="how-staking-is-going-to-work">How staking is going to work</h3><p>Node operators and the broader Chainlink community will be able to stake their LINK via node operators and get rewards for helping enhance the cryptoeconomic security of the network. ‌‌‌‌Providing accurate and timely feed updates is necessary for the node operators to actually receive those rewards and in order to enforce the best data quality.</p><p>In the early-stage beta implementation of Chainlink Staking, v0.1, stakers will have the opportunity to monitor the feed, raise an alert, and get rewarded if they successfully detect in a timely manner that the ETH/USD feed has not met certain performance requirements. In v0.1, alerting conditions will be focused on feed uptime but will expand in scope in later versions.</p><p>The Chainlink Staking design is quite complex, so its elements are going to be brought forward step by step.</p><h2 id="who-can-stake-during-early-access"><strong>Who can stake during Early Access</strong></h2><p>According to a Chainlink <a href="https://blog.chain.link/chainlink-staking-early-access-eligibility-app/">blog</a> post, there are 3 criteria for participating in the Chainlink Staking v0.1 Early Access which will launch on mainnet in December 2022:</p><!--kg-card-begin: html--><table style="border:none;border-collapse:collapse;"><colgroup><col width="132"><col width="700"></colgroup><tbody><tr style="height:0pt"><td style="border-left:solid #000000 1pt;border-right:solid #000000 1pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 1pt;border-top:solid #000000 1pt;vertical-align:top;padding:5pt 5pt 5pt 5pt;overflow:hidden;overflow-wrap:break-word;"><p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Criteria</span></p></td><td style="border-left:solid #000000 1pt;border-right:solid #000000 1pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 1pt;border-top:solid #000000 1pt;vertical-align:top;padding:5pt 5pt 5pt 5pt;overflow:hidden;overflow-wrap:break-word;"><p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Details</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:0pt"><td style="border-left:solid #000000 1pt;border-right:solid #000000 1pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 1pt;border-top:solid #000000 1pt;vertical-align:top;padding:5pt 5pt 5pt 5pt;overflow:hidden;overflow-wrap:break-word;"><p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Hodler</span></p></td><td style="border-left:solid #000000 1pt;border-right:solid #000000 1pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 1pt;border-top:solid #000000 1pt;vertical-align:top;padding:5pt 5pt 5pt 5pt;overflow:hidden;overflow-wrap:break-word;"><p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Token holders who fall into either category:</span></p><ol style="margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;padding-inline-start:48px;"><li dir="ltr" style="list-style-type:decimal;font-size:11pt;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;" aria-level="1"><p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" role="presentation"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Held more than 7 LINK on the Ethereum Mainnet for at least 50% of the time between May 30, 2019 and June 7, 2022.</span></p></li><li dir="ltr" style="list-style-type:decimal;font-size:11pt;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;" aria-level="1"><p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;" role="presentation"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Held more than 7 LINK on the Ethereum Mainnet for at least 90% of the time between August 5, 2021 and June 7, 2022.</span></p></li></ol></td></tr><tr style="height:0pt"><td style="border-left:solid #000000 1pt;border-right:solid #000000 1pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 1pt;border-top:solid #000000 1pt;vertical-align:top;padding:5pt 5pt 5pt 5pt;overflow:hidden;overflow-wrap:break-word;"><p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Builder</span></p></td><td style="border-left:solid #000000 1pt;border-right:solid #000000 1pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 1pt;border-top:solid #000000 1pt;vertical-align:top;padding:5pt 5pt 5pt 5pt;overflow:hidden;overflow-wrap:break-word;"><p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Participating teams in any Chainlink-hosted hackathon from Fall 2020 to Spring 2022.&nbsp;</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:0pt"><td style="border-left:solid #000000 1pt;border-right:solid #000000 1pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 1pt;border-top:solid #000000 1pt;vertical-align:top;padding:5pt 5pt 5pt 5pt;overflow:hidden;overflow-wrap:break-word;"><p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Educator</span></p></td><td style="border-left:solid #000000 1pt;border-right:solid #000000 1pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 1pt;border-top:solid #000000 1pt;vertical-align:top;padding:5pt 5pt 5pt 5pt;overflow:hidden;overflow-wrap:break-word;"><p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre;white-space:pre-wrap;">Chainlink Advocates, Developer Experts, and others who have demonstrably hosted or spoken at Chainlink meetups about the Chainlink Network or Chainlink Ecosystem.</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><!--kg-card-end: html--><p></p><p>You can use the <a href="https://staking.chain.link/">Early Access Eligibility App</a> to check their eligibility for potential priority access staking in Staking v0.1.</p><h2 id="roadmap"><strong>Roadmap</strong></h2><p>As we discussed previously. The primary goal of Chainlink is to increase the security behind the infrastructure that supports DeFi. As outlined in a<a href="https://blog.chain.link/chainlink-staking-roadmap/"> blog</a> post, Chainlink Staking is being designed with four long-term goals in mind:</p><ol><li>Increase the security and user assurances of Chainlink oracle services;</li><li>Enable a more direct community participation in the Chainlink Network and its security;</li><li>Generate sustainable rewards from real use cases;</li><li>Empower node operators to access higher-value jobs by staking.</li></ol><p>Like previous Chainlink updates the implementation of LINK staking is being done gradually. While the initial focus will be on building a reputation framework and staker alerting system, the second stage will look to implement slashing to further boost security and user fees as rewards. Last but not least, loss protection is being studied to help protect participants when an oracle network deviates from its service-level agreement.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/9L51EIVEys0m61Qv2piTcYCpMmVA4bhUvVnQYbSzw7TyHNLGn_vZ7qP4vJQ4IzBFnRTR0R-3peKdmNwAfYhNsvSzaaxl1xZOPK9g40jOjIbBK6qW6-LMXJh_E0y9-FqnDr2bGZkeV0Kph_4cwpeYXXVVvH36thLJJ5cDdHadX0sSvhaZjMh8Miecxw" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>The first version of staking is expected to go live by the end of 2022. Stay tuned!</p><h2 id="whats-next"><strong>What's next</strong></h2><p>At P2P, we are watching closely as LINK staking gets close to launch, and will post updates on this topic here in the blog as soon as more details are found. We are also exploring what kind of tools we can bring forward to help the community. So watch this space, much more to come in the near future!</p><p><a href="https://staking.chain.link/">Check your eligibility for Early Access to Chainlink Staking v0.1</a>. </p><p>Contacts us if you are interested in staking LINK:</p><p>Email : <a href="mailto:[email protected]" rel="noopener noreferrer">[email protected]</a></p><p>Telegram: <a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking">P2Pstaking</a></p><p>Twitter: <a href="https://twitter.com/P2Pvalidator">@P2Pvalidator</a></p><hr><h3 id="about-p2p"><strong><strong><strong>About P2P</strong></strong></strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only top-notch staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong><strong>more than 1,5 billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong></strong> We have successfully participated in AIT3 and joined Aptos as a partner. P2P is committed to the long term success of the Aptos.</p>

P2P Validator

from p2p validator

Lido on Solana upgrade announcement and timeline

<p>We are happy to announce the upgrade of the Lido on Solana program from December,6 to December, 8.</p><p>This upgrade focuses on validators in order to enable a more healthy validator economy: allowing operators to use their existing public Solana nodes with a commission of not more than 5%.</p><p>The proposal has successfully gone through <a href="https://snapshot.org/#/lido-snapshot.eth/proposal/0x5844beba37131b3621c5c96621603db7cb7e2771d1c690dc6869ebd117e12abb">Lido DAO voting</a> , and the program code was <a href="https://reports.neodyme.io/reports/lido_v2_report/">audited</a> by <a href="https://neodyme.io/">Neodyme</a>.</p><h2 id="why">Why</h2><p>The reasoning and other details on this update are described in this <a href="https://research.lido.fi/t/lido-on-solana-protocol-upgrade-proposal/2959">forum post</a>. This update is mainly aimed at changes in how the contract work with validators, these are the main points:</p><ul><li>Validators will not need to set withdraw authority to Lido anymore and they will receive block rewards and staking rewards in SOL (instead of stSOL) to their accounts directly.</li><li>There is no need for 100% commission nodes, so node operators can use their public node in the Lido set or make their existing Lido node public.</li><li>Set the maximum node commission to 5% to be eligible to receive a delegation from Lido on Solana.</li></ul><p>As per our<a href="https://p2p.org/economy/lido-on-solana-validator-set-vision/"> vision of a decentralized validator set</a>, we look to enable a more healthy validator economy where new and existing validators can look to participate. Our goal is to create a sustainable, high-performance validator set for Solana.</p><h2 id="rewards-distribution-model-change">Rewards distribution model change</h2><p>As an expected result of the changes above, the staking rewards distribution model will change slightly.</p><ul><li>In the current version of the smart contract, all the rewards are distributed simultaneously and precisely between node operators (5%), the DAO treasury (4%), the developers (1%), and the stakers (90%).</li><li>After the update, the 5% (max, it can be set lower) goes to the node operator, then from the remainder, the DAO treasury (4%) and the developer (1%) fees are subtracted. The remaining share goes to the stakers.</li></ul><p>As a result, the share of the treasury and the developer decreased slightly, the validator’s share remains the same, and the staker’s part (APY) increases slightly.</p><h2 id="update-timeline">Update timeline</h2><p>All these changes were published as proposals (<a href="https://research.lido.fi/t/lido-on-solana-protocol-upgrade-proposal/2959">main contract changes</a> and <a href="https://research.lido.fi/t/lido-on-solana-maximum-validator-commission-proposal/2979">max commission setting</a>) on the Lido research forum. We also launched a <a href="https://snapshot.org/#/lido-snapshot.eth/proposal/0x5844beba37131b3621c5c96621603db7cb7e2771d1c690dc6869ebd117e12abb">DAO voting</a> concerning these changes, which ended successfully on the 25th of October.</p><p>We divided the update process into 3 main phases: preparation, program update, and post-deployment phases.</p><h2 id="preparation-phase">Preparation phase</h2><p><strong>Duration:</strong> 1 epoch;<br><strong>Impact:</strong> none;</p><p>During this phase, we will deactivate all the validators. This will be achieved by creating a special transaction and having multisig owners sign it. Validators will be deactivated at the start of the next epoch.</p><p>We plan to execute this transaction at the end of the epoch, so for most of the epoch, everything will work as expected.</p><h2 id="program-update-phase">Program update phase</h2><p><strong>Duration</strong>: 1 epoch;<br><strong>Impact:</strong> Unstake commands can’t be performed, validators are not voting, and not getting any rewards.</p><p>During this phase, all the stake is stored in Lido on Solana reserve account, and all the validators are deactivated and not voting. During this phase users still can stake their SOL and get stSOL, but obviously can not unstake. They can operate their stSOL in DeFI apps without any issues though.</p><p>In this epoch, we will update the program and bring it to life by creating a special transaction. Multisig owners will check and sign it. The updated program will start working on the next epoch.</p><p>During this epoch, validators are to configure their nodes to participate in the Lido pool with new requirements (public node, ≤5% commission). At the end of this phase, we create another transaction that will add the validators to the Lido on Solana pool on the next epoch.</p><p>Maintainer bots also have to update their program and restart in this phase too.</p><h2 id="post-deployment-phase">Post-deployment phase  </h2><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><p><strong>Duration:</strong> 2-4 hours<br> <strong>Impact:</strong> none</p> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>In this phase, everything starts working as intended. We will check if the validators’ nodes work correctly, vote, and get rewards. We also going to run the final tests and make sure that all the partners work correctly with our updated CLI, staking and unstacking operations can be performed.</p><p>After this phase, the update concludes.</p><h1 id="summary">Summary</h1><p>As an expected result of the program update process, we are losing rewards for one epoch, and users can’t perform unstake operations during the program update phase.</p><p>This will result in an insignificant APY decrease, but we consider this a reasonable loss and hope to compensate for it with a better-performing validator pool and small changes in the rewards distribution model, as described in the DAO voting proposal.</p><h1 id="documentation-and-guides">Documentation and guides</h1><ul><li>Research forum proposals: <a href="https://research.lido.fi/t/lido-on-solana-protocol-upgrade-proposal/2959">1</a>,<a href="https://research.lido.fi/t/lido-on-solana-maximum-validator-commission-proposal/2979">2</a></li><li><a href="https://snapshot.org/#/lido-snapshot.eth/proposal/0x5844beba37131b3621c5c96621603db7cb7e2771d1c690dc6869ebd117e12abb">LIDO DAO Voting</a></li><li><a href="https://docs.solana.lido.fi/frontend-integration/manual-instructions/">Migration guide for external integrations</a></li></ul>

P2P Validator

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Aptos P2P Joins Aptos as a node operator

<p>There are multiple blockchain based platforms with different value propositions and smart-contract functionalities. In order to scale, most layer one blockchains need a second layers that break composability and increase developer complexity. Aptos focuses on safety and user experience aiming to achieve mass adoption at scale within a single layer. The team behind it came from the Libra Blockchain with more than three years of research and development experience on their hands.</p><p>Aptos utilizes Move, a programming language developed specifically to tackle security issues. A formal verification tool will help decrease the probability of smart contract bugs. Offering access control, Move ensures that only public module functions may be accessed by other modules. Modules in Move may either be a library or a program that can create, store, or transfer assets.</p><p>Aptos ecosystem should become a friendly environment for developers that prioritize user experience. With existing safety properties it can become a convenient place to build decentralized and secure applications.</p><p>With that in mind, <em>P2P is thrilled to become Aptos partner and participate in the mainnet launch to make the network secure from the very beginning. Aptos value proposition is fully in line with our mission of making crypto secure simple and accessible to everyone.</em></p><p>Our team has deep expertise in operating highly-available infrastructure. We utilize first-class security practices, custom monitoring and alerting systems to ensure a high level of efficiency from our nodes. P2P provides 24/7 technical support, transparent reward reporting and our support team is always ready to help.</p><p>If you have at least 1 million APT and want to launch your own whitelabel node for Aptos, feel free to contact us on <a href="https://p2p.org/networks/aptos">p2p.org/networks/aptos</a> to benefit from our special offer.</p><h3 id="about-aptos"><strong>About Aptos</strong></h3><p>Aptos is a secure and scalable blockchain platform that aims to open access to decentralized assets for billions of people around the world. The team consists of the original creators, researchers, designers, and builders of Diem having 3+ years of research and development in this field. Aptos raised ~$350M from Andreessen Horowitz, Multicoin Capital, Circle Ventures, FTX Ventures, Jump Crypto and other notable VCs to grow the ecosystem at lightning speed.</p><p>Learn more by visiting<a href="https://web3auth.io/"> </a><a href="https://aptoslabs.com/">official website</a> and <a href="https://twitter.com/AptosLabs"> Twitter</a>. If you are a dApp developer, start<a href="https://aptos.dev/"> here</a> and join the discussion on<a href="https://discord.com/invite/aptoslabs"> Discord</a>.</p><h3 id="about-p2p"><strong>About P2P</strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only top-notch staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong>more than 1,5 billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong> We have successfully participated in AIT3 and joined Aptos as a partner. P2P is committed to the long term success of the Aptos.</p>

P2P Validator

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Solana How to stake Solana (SOL)?

<!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><p>Table of Contents</p> <ul> <li><a href="#T1"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What is Solana (SOL) Staking? </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T2"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Why Stake Solana (SOL) with P2P? </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T3"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Solana (SOL) Staking Rewards &amp; Fees<br> </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T4"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Solana (SOL) Warm-up &amp; Reward Distribution Frequency </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T5"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Solana (SOL) Undelegation Period </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T6"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Partially Delegating and Undelegating Solana (SOL) with Solflare </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T7"><span style=" font-size:16px"> How to Track my Solana (SOL) Staking Rewards<br> </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T8"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Monitoring Solana (SOL) Staking Rewards Using Solflare Wallet </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T9"><span style=" font-size:16px"> How Do I Claim Solana (SOL) Staking Rewards? </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T10"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Solana Liquid staking </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T11"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Solflare + Ledger Solana (SOL) Staking Guide </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T12"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Solflare Solana (SOL) Staking Guide </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T13"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Phantom Solana (SOL) Staking Guide </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T14"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Solana (SOL) Staking FAQ </span></a></li> </ul> <h2 id="what-is-solana-sol-staking-a-namet1a">What is Solana (SOL) Staking? <a name="T1"></a></h2> <p>When staking Solana (SOL) you are supporting the network with the additional benefit of compounding your SOL!</p> <p>Staking SOL is the process of holding SOL &quot;stake&quot; to partake and support the operations in the Solana network to receive rewards. In order to be a &quot;Validator&quot; and participate in these operations, one is required to maintain a server running continuously, technological knowhow, experience, and have a significant self-bond (surety bond).<br> This is where P2P Validator comes in, we allow SOL token holders to forget about all the heavy lifting i.e maintenance, surety bonds etc. by &quot;delegating&quot; their holdings to P2P to receive these rewards. We accumulate users' stake and act as a major validation node, receiving and allocating staking rewards between our users pro rata to the delegation.</p> <p>Users that chose to stake with P2P maintain full custody of their SOL at all times and P2P will never have access to them.</p> <h2 id="why-stake-solana-sol-with-p2p-a-namet2a">Why Stake Solana (SOL) with P2P? <a name="T2"></a></h2> <p>P2P is a leading Solana validator with more than 4 million in staked SOL, the highest network reliability &amp; low staking fees. We monitor and maintain Solana nodes to ensure maximum efficiency for SOL stakers.</p> <p>As we are SOL seed investors, it is very important to define the best means of network management and development. Our technical team has been involved in all of the Tour de Sol dry runs with the highest efficiency and has participated in all of TdS and SLP. We are a major player in all networks we support because of our experience, commitments and our reputation. We pay special attention to the process of governance. Our aim is to provide a secure and reliable service at the lowest cost maximising rewards for our delegators.</p> <h3 id="so-why-stake-sol-with-p2p">So why stake SOL with P2P?</h3> <ul> <li>High performance: low skip rate, high uptime</li> <li>Own Skin in the game with 2M+ SOL</li> <li>Secure, non-custodial staking</li> <li>Solana seed investors and contributors.</li> <li>Experienced DevOps’s team (Working with Solana from 2019)</li> <li>Ecosystem contributors (Solana Wormhole Hackaton winners)</li> <li>24/7 monitoring of machine and protocol metrics</li> </ul> <p>P2P Validator provides additional benefits for Stakers with more than 100k SOL, making it the best place for large investors. Get in touch with us here to learn more about how we can address your staking needs.</p> <h2 id="solana-sol-staking-rewards-fees-a-namet3a">Solana (SOL) Staking Rewards &amp; Fees <a name="T3"></a></h2> <p>You will be earning an estimated 7% APR when staking Solana (SOL) with P2P.</p> <p>In order to run the staking infrastructure, we charge a 7% fee on your rewards. The rewards after taking the fee into consideration will therefore be 6.51%.</p> <p>Example:</p> <p>I delegate 1000 SOL to P2P</p> <p>Reward: 10007% = 70 SOL<br> Fee = 707% = 4.9 SOL</p> <p>Estimated balance after 1 year = 1000+70-4.9 = 1065.1 SOL</p> <p>Please keep in mind that the APR specified is approximate and changes along with network conditions.</p> <h2 id="solana-sol-warm-up-reward-distribution-frequency-a-namet4a">Solana (SOL) Warm-up &amp; Reward Distribution Frequency <a name="T4"></a></h2> <p>One epoch in the SOL network lasts approximately 2-3 days.</p> <p>You will start earning rewards once your delegation goes from activating to effective, which takes one full epoch. You will then receive your rewards in the following epoch.</p> <p>Lets assume you select to delegate your SOL in epoch E1:</p> <p>E1: Your SOL is activating (up to approx. 2-3 days)<br> E2: Your SOL is effective (approx. 2-3 days)<br> E3: Receive your rewards for epoch E2</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/1-2.png" alt="Reward frequency"> </p> <p>Once your SOL stake is active, you will receive rewards every epoch. Rewards will automatically be added and compounded to your staked balance.</p> <h2 id="solana-sol-undelegation-period-a-namet5a">Solana (SOL) Undelegation Period <a name="T5"></a></h2> <p>One epoch in the SOL network lasts around 2-3 days.</p> <p>It takes one full epoch to deactivate your SOL delegation - once finished you will be able to withdraw it. This will include your original stake and any rewards you earned.</p> <p>Lets assume you select to undelegate your SOL in epoch E1:</p> <p>E1: Will start deactivating your Stake.<br> E2: Stake is undelegated and is available to withdaw.</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/2-2.png" alt="Undelegation Period"> </p> <h2 id="partially-delegating-and-undelegating-solana-sol-with-solflare-a-namet6a">Partially Delegating and Undelegating Solana (SOL) with Solflare <a name="T6"></a></h2> <h3 id="main-authority-and-staking-accounts">Main Authority and Staking accounts</h3> <p>In Solflare you have a main authority address where you can transfer SOL to and from your staking account(s).</p> <p>Main authority account can be found on your &quot;Portfolio page&quot;.</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image1.png" alt="Main Authority account"> </p> <p>You cannot transfer SOL directly from one staking account to another without first going through your main authority address. Staking accounts are used in order to delegate your SOL to validators.</p> <p>Staking accounts can be found on your &quot;Staking page&quot;. In the image below you can see that I have created three staking accounts. Two are activating (meaning my delegation transaction has been confirmed buy my stake is in the warming up period), and one is inactive (not staking).</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image7.png" alt="Staking accounts"> </p> <p>Only the full amount in a staking account can be delegated or undelegated. IE within one staking account, you will not be able to input a specific amount to partially delegate or undelegate. Furthermore, delegating and undelegating have warm-up and cool-down periods respectively. For these two reasons, it is important to understand the options available to partially undelegate your SOL with staking accounts to avoid waiting.</p> <p>For example if you have 100 SOL being delegated in a staking account and you want to undelegate and withdraw 50 SOL, it would be a waste of time to undelegate 100 SOL and wait for the cool down, withdraw 50 SOL out of your account, and then delegate 50 SOL again and wait for the warm-up. During the warm-up period you will not be earning rewards.</p> <p>Fortunately, Solflare has created the option to split a staking account, which provides a solution to partially delegate or undelegate your SOL without wasting time and rewards.</p> <h3 id="splitting-accounts">Splitting accounts</h3> <p>You can only delegate or undelegate the full amount - as opposed to a partial amount - in a staking account. To delegate or undelegate a partial amount you have the option to &quot;split&quot; your staking account. This will take a staking account and it will split it into two seperate ones, with the new account being transferred the split amount of SOL. Both accounts will keep the same status as it had before (delegating, activating, or inactive).</p> <ol> <li>To find the split function, first select your account and then &quot;SPLIT&quot;.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image24.png" alt="Split Solflare account"> </p> <ol start="2"> <li>Input the amount that you would like to move out of your staking account into the new one.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image10.png" alt="Split amount"> </p> <ol start="3"> <li> <p>Confirm the transaction.</p> </li> <li> <p>Once your new staking account has been created with the split amount, you can undelegate or delegate the SOL there.</p> </li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image13.png" alt="Delegate/Undelegate SOL"> </p> <p>You will then have to wait the cooldown period before your funds are available to withdraw.</p> <h2 id="how-to-track-my-solana-sol-staking-rewards-a-namet7a">How to Track my Solana (SOL) Staking Rewards <a name="T7"></a></h2> <p>To track your rewards you can use the Solana beach explorer. This explorer allows you to track any transactions made on any address on the Solana blockchain.</p> <p>Note that some wallets, like Solflare, have a table of your staking rewards integrated in their wallet already (more info here). However, this guide will allow anyone to be able to track their SOL rewards regardless of which wallet provider they use and which validator they selected to stake with.</p> <h3 id="track-your-rewards">Track your rewards</h3> <p>First you will need to find your staking accounts address to input into the Solana beach explorer. It will be a series of 44 characters and numbers.</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image8.png" alt="Solana beach"> </p> <p>Once you have searched for your staking accounts address, scroll down and select &quot;Stake Rewards&quot;. Here you will be provided a table with your rewards for each epoch.</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image2.png" alt="Stake rewards"> </p> <p>That's it! Remember that if you have any questions along the way or would like to share some feedback, please dont hesitate to contact us as we will be more than happy to help.</p> <h2 id="monitoring-solana-sol-staking-rewards-using-solflare-wallet-a-namet8a">Monitoring Solana (SOL) Staking Rewards Using Solflare Wallet <a name="T8"></a></h2> <p>You can track the staking rewards on your Solflare staking account. In order to do so, simply go to the staking page on Solflare and select the staking account address you are interested in.</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image18.png" alt="Stake Solflare"> </p> <p>Details will appear, showing your reward payouts for each epoch that you were actively delegating.</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image17.png" alt="Reward payouts"> </p> <p>For all past epochs, you will be able to view:</p> <ul> <li>Epoch</li> <li>Amount of rewards earned</li> <li>Balance update</li> <li>APR</li> <li>Commission charged</li> <li>Date the reward was received</li> </ul> <h2 id="how-do-i-claim-solana-sol-staking-rewards-a-namet9a">How Do I Claim Solana (SOL) Staking Rewards? <a name="T9"></a></h2> <p>One epoch in Solana lasts approximately 2-3 days.</p> <p>With your effective staked SOL, you will receive rewards every 2-3 days and it will automatically be added and compounded to your staked amount.</p> <p>If you want to withdraw your rewards, you will have to first undelegate your stake.</p> <h2 id="solana-liquid-staking-a-namet10a">Solana Liquid staking <a name="T10"></a></h2> <p>The pillar of P2P's core principals has since the beginning been decentralization. We believe that cryptocurrencies and the whole emerging industry surrounding it was built upon this.</p> <p>We believe in the benefits and the work being done on liquid staking solutions for this emerging industry and this is why we are proud to be not only one of the validators for LIDO's liquid Solana staking but also in charge of it's development.</p> <p>Liquid staking is a great way to build and develop new opportunities for the cryptocurrency industry to grow on both the staking and DeFI sectors.</p> <h2 id="solflare-ledger-solana-sol-staking-guide-a-namet11a">Solflare + Ledger Solana (SOL) Staking Guide <a name="T11"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><!--kg-card-begin: html--><p align="center"> <iframe width="720" height="405" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/Qc__wcHApIg" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe> </p><!--kg-card-end: html--><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="solflare-solana-sol-staking-guide-a-namet12a">Solflare Solana (SOL) Staking Guide <a name="T12"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><!--kg-card-begin: html--><p align="center"> <iframe width="720" height="405" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/bJzPfYAIiNk" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe> </p><!--kg-card-end: html--><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><p>Before starting you will have to own some SOL - you can purchase it on multiple <a href="https://coinmarketcap.com/rankings/exchanges/">cryptocurrency exchanges</a>.</p> <h3 id="create-solflare-wallet">Create Solflare wallet</h3> <ol> <li>To create a wallet select &quot;Access&quot; on the Solflare page.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image30.png" alt="Solflare"> </p> <ol start="2"> <li>Then select &quot;Create a new wallet&quot;.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image3.png" alt="Create new wallet"> </p> <ol start="3"> <li>Create a password that you will use to enter your wallet and to submit transactions. Select &quot;Next&quot; to proceed.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image19.png" alt="Create password"> </p> <ol start="4"> <li>Save your Mnemonic phrase somewhere secure! You will need this to recover your account to enter it from a new device or even from a new account on a browser, or potentially after a browser upgrade. If you lose it, you will lose access to your funds! Do not share this Mnemonic phrase with anyone, anyone who has access to it will have access to your funds!</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image6.png" alt="Save Mnemonic phrase"> </p> <ol start="5"> <li>Verify your Mnemonic phrase by typing it back in. Once completed, select &quot;Verify&quot;.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image4.png" alt="Verify Mnemonic phrase"> </p> <ol start="6"> <li>That's it your wallet has been created! After successfully completing the steps above, you will find yourself in the main menu of Solflare where you will find information about your wallet account address.</li> </ol> <h3 id="transfer-sol-to-your-wallet">Transfer SOL to your wallet</h3> <ol> <li>To find your receiving address select &quot;Receive&quot;.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image12.png" alt="Receive Address"> </p> <ol start="2"> <li>A pop up window will appear with your Solflare main authority address, and alternatively a QR code. Use this receiving address to send your SOL to your Solflare wallet.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image35.png" alt="Receive SOL"> </p> <p>Once you have transferred funds into your main authority wallet, you are now ready to start Staking!</p> <h3 id="staking-solana">Staking Solana</h3> <ol> <li>To start staking, you must first go to the staking section of the wallet by selecting &quot;Staking&quot; on the top of the page. You will then be given three options, Liquid SOL Staking, Native SOL Staking, and SLRS Staking. Select &quot;Native SOL Staking&quot;. You can find more information about Liquid SOL Staking on Lido's SOL Page. Lastly select &quot;Start Staking&quot;.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image37.png" alt="Staking SOL"> </p> <ol start="2"> <li>A pop up window will appear. Input the amount you wish to stake and the validator you wish to stake with. Leave some SOL in your wallet to pay for transaction fees. Since they are very low at Solana, only a small amount is required.</li> </ol> <p>To find P2P Validator type it in the search bar. Select &quot;Stake&quot; to proceed.</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image29.png" alt="Select P2P Validator"> </p> <ol start="3"> <li>You will then be prompted to enter your password one last time for security reasons.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image33.png" alt="Enter password"> </p> <ol start="4"> <li>Once your delegation transaction has been confirmed, you will see that your stake is activating. For more information on when you will start receiving rewards please refer to our SOL Warm-Up article.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image21.png" alt="Confirm delegation"> </p> <p>That's it! You are now delegating your SOL to P2P Validator. Note that your SOL are still fully in your custody, but you are delegating them to P2P to help us partake in network activities and you will be rewarded for your contribution!</p> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="phantom-solana-sol-staking-guide-a-namet13a">Phantom Solana (SOL) Staking Guide <a name="T13"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><!--kg-card-begin: html--><p align="center"> <iframe width="720" height="405" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/TXZF78L-wPg" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe> </p><!--kg-card-end: html--><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><p>Before starting you will have to own some SOL - you can purchase it on multiple <a href="https://coinmarketcap.com/rankings/exchanges/">cryptocurrency exchanges</a>.</p> <h3 id="create-phantom-wallet-and-transfer-sol-to-it">Create Phantom Wallet and transfer SOL to it.</h3> <ol> <li>To start, you will want to download the Phantom extension on their <a href="https://phantom.app/">page</a>.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image28.png" alt="Download phantom wallet"> </p> <ol start="2"> <li>If the wallet page does not open up automatically after downloaded, you should select Phantom in your list of extensions. If you are using Google chrome, you can find your extension in the top right of the page.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image9.png" alt="Phantom wallet extension"> </p> <ol start="3"> <li>To create a wallet select &quot;Create New Wallet&quot;</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image31.png" alt="Create new Phantom wallet"> </p> <ol start="4"> <li>You will first be asked to save your Secrete Recovery Phrase. Save it somewhere secure! You will need this to recover your account to enter it from a new device or even from a new account on a browser, or potentially after a browser upgrade. If you lose it, you will lose access to your funds! Do not share this Secret Recovery Phrase with anyone, anyone who has access to it will have access to your funds!</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image27.png" alt="Save Secret Recovery Phrase"> </p> <ol start="5"> <li>Create a password that you will use to enter your wallet when you are logging in from the same device. Select &quot;Save&quot; to proceed.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image25.png" alt="Create a password for Phantom Wallet"> </p> <ol start="6"> <li>Once you have saved your password and proceeded to the next stages, you will have successfully created your wallet!</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image32.png" alt="Successfully create phantom wallet"> </p> <p>7.You will then want to transfer your SOL into your Phantom wallet where you will have fully custody of your SOL. To find your receiving address select &quot;Receive&quot;.</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image5.png" alt="Receive SOL"> </p> <ol start="8"> <li>To find you wallet address select &quot;Send from wallet / Exchange&quot; or alternatively you can Deposit SOL straight from FTX.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image14.png" alt="Find Phantom Wallet Address"> </p> <ol start="9"> <li>Phantom will provide you with a QR code as well as a button to copy your wallet address. You can use this receiving address to send your SOL to your Phantom wallet.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image20.png" alt="Receive SOL on Phantom"> </p> <p>Once you have transferred funds into you main authority wallet, you are now ready to start Staking!</p> <h3 id="staking-solana">Staking Solana</h3> <ol> <li>To start start staking go back to the main page of your wallet and select Solana.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image22.png" alt="Start Staking SOL on Phantom Wallet"> </p> <ol start="2"> <li>Select &quot;Start earning SOL&quot;.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image26.png" alt="Start Earning SOL"> </p> <ol start="3"> <li>To find P2P Validator type it in the search bar. Select it to proceed.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image36.png" alt="Find P2P Validator"> </p> <ol start="4"> <li>Enter the amount you wish to stake and select &quot;Stake&quot; to send out the delegation transaction.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image23.png" alt="Enter SOL Staking Amount"> </p> <ol start="5"> <li>Phantom will create a separate staking account for your stake and then will delegate it to P2P Validator.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image15.png" alt="Staking Account"> </p> <ol start="6"> <li>Once you see this message, your delegation transaction has now successfully been sent out!</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image38.png" alt="SOL Staked"> </p> <ol start="7"> <li>You will see that your stake is activating. For more information on when you will start receiving rewards please refer to our SOL Warm-Up article.</li> </ol> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image11.png" alt="SOL Stake Activating"> </p> <p>That's it! You are now delegating your SOL to P2P Validator. Note that your SOL are still fully in your custody, but you are delegating them to P2P to help us partake in network activities and you will be rewarded for your contribution!</p> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="solana-sol-staking-faq-a-namet14a">Solana (SOL) Staking FAQ <a name="T14"></a></h2> <h3 id="what-is-solana">What is Solana?</h3> <p>Solana is a high-performance permissionless blockchain solving scalability issues without sharding and suitable for decentralized applications requiring high throughput.</p> <h3 id="what-is-the-solana-staking-apr">What is the Solana staking APR?</h3> <p>The Solana staking reward is approximately 7%. More info here.</p> <h3 id="how-often-are-staking-rewards-distributed">How often are staking rewards distributed?</h3> <p>Solana staking rewards are paid out to stakers approximately every epoch (2-3 days). More info here.</p> <h3 id="is-there-an-unstaking-period">Is there an unstaking period?</h3> <p>It can take up to 3 days for your SOL tokens to be transferable. More info here.</p> <h3 id="is-there-a-slashing-risk-for-validators">Is there a slashing risk for validators?</h3> <p>There is currently no slashing risk for Solana validators.</p> <h3 id="is-there-a-minimum-staking-amount-for-solana">Is there a minimum staking amount for Solana?</h3> <p>There is no minimum staking amount for SOL stakers.</p> <h3 id="do-staking-rewards-compound">Do staking rewards compound?</h3> <p>Yes, Solana staking rewards are compounded automatically.</p> <h3 id="what-is-the-solana-inflation-rate">What is the Solana inflation rate?</h3> <p>The Solana network inflation rate is approximately 8% per year.</p> <!--kg-card-end: markdown-->

P2P Validator

from p2p validator

Axelar Axelar (AXL) Staking Guide

<p>This tutorial helps you stake and manage AXL tokens on the Axelar network, using the <a href="https://keplr.app/">Keplr</a> Wallet.</p><p>You must also have the native AXL token on the Axelar network. If you have an ERC-20 version of the token follow this <a href="https://axelar.network/blog/how-to-convert-erc-20-axl-to-native-axl">guide</a> to bridge your tokens.</p><h3 id="i-setting-up-your-keplr-wallet">I. Setting up your Keplr Wallet</h3><ol><li>Open the Keplr Browser Extension (available for <a href="https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/keplr/dmkamcknogkgcdfhhbddcghachkejeap">Chrome and Brave</a>) and press ‘Import Ledger’.</li></ol><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image.png" class="kg-image" alt="Create or sign in to Keplr Wallet" loading="lazy" width="384" height="455"></figure><p>2. Give the account a name, then click ‘Next’.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image-1.png" class="kg-image" alt="Keplr Account name" loading="lazy" width="384" height="455"></figure><p>3.  Select the Axelar network from the dropdown list.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image-3.png" class="kg-image" alt="Select the Axelar network" loading="lazy" width="351" height="363"></figure><h3 id="ii-staking-axl-on-the-axelar-blockchain">II. Staking AXL on the Axelar blockchain</h3><ol><li>Open the Keplr Browser Extension or go to the Keplr <a href="https://wallet.keplr.app/chains/axelar">dashboard</a> and choose the Axelar network. </li></ol><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/1-3.png" class="kg-image" alt="Keplr Dashboard" loading="lazy" width="242" height="860"></figure><p>2. Click on "Stake" in the Available Balance box.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image-16.png" class="kg-image" alt="Stake AXL" loading="lazy" width="279" height="140"></figure><p>3. Choose P2P validator from the list of available Validators.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image-13.png" class="kg-image" alt="Select P2P Validator" loading="lazy" width="1165" height="224" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/09/image-13.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/09/image-13.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image-13.png 1165w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>4. Enter the amount of AXL you want to stake and press "Delegate".</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image-14.png" class="kg-image" alt="Enter AXL amount" loading="lazy" width="679" height="667" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/09/image-14.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image-14.png 679w"></figure><p>5. A pop-up window will show up with the transaction. Set your preferred fee and confirm the transaction.</p><p> You are all done. Your AXL tokens are now staking and earning rewards.</p><h3 id="iii-claim-your-axelar-rewards">III. Claim your Axelar rewards</h3><ol><li>Open the Keplr Browser Extension and click ‘Claim’.</li></ol><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/image-17.png" class="kg-image" alt="Claim AXL" loading="lazy" width="285" height="151"></figure><p>2. Choose your comfortable fee by hitting ‘Set Fee’ in the appropriate pop-up screen.</p><p>After claiming you can redelegate your tokens to compound your earnings.</p><hr><p><strong>About P2P Validator</strong><br><a href="https://p2p.org/"><em><em>P2P Validator</em></em></a><em><em> is a world-leading <strong><strong>non-custodial staking provider</strong></strong> with the best industry practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities securing more than 3<strong><strong> billion of USD</strong></strong> value at the time of the latest update.</em></em></p><p><em><em>P2P Validator is <strong><strong>trusted by over 24,000 delegators</strong></strong> across 25+ networks. We are a major player in all networks we support because of our experience, commitments and our <strong><strong>reputation</strong></strong>. We pay special attention to the process of governance. </em></em></p><p></p>

P2P Validator

from p2p validator

Cosmos How to stake Cosmos Hub (ATOM)?

<!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><p>Table of Contents</p> <ul> <li><a href="#T1"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What is Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking? </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T2"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Why Stake Cosmos Hub (ATOM) with P2P Validator? </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T3"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking Rewards &amp; Fees </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T4"><span style=" font-size:16px"> How to Track my Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking Rewards </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T5"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Cosmos Hub' (ATOM) Warm-up &amp; Reward Distribution Frequency </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T6"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Re-delegate Cosmos Hub (ATOM) </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T7"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Undelegation period </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T8"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Ledger Live Staking Guide </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T9"><span style=" font-size:16px"> imToken Comos (ATOM) Staking Guide </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T10"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Keplr + Ledger Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking Guide </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T11"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking FAQ </span></a></li> </ul> <h2 id="what-is-cosmos-hub-atom-staking-a-namet1a">What is Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking? <a name="T1"></a></h2> <p>When staking Cosmos Hub (ATOM) you are supporting the network with the additional benefit of compounding your ATOM!</p> <p>Staking ATOM is the process of holding ATOM &quot;stake&quot; to partake and support the operations in the Cosmos Hub network to receive rewards. In order to be a &quot;Validator&quot; and participate in these operations, one is required to maintain a server running continuously, technological knowhow, experience, and have a significant self-bond (surety bond).</p> <p>This is where P2P Validator comes in, we allow ATOM token holders to forget about all the heavy lifting i.e maintenance, surety bonds etc. by &quot;delegating&quot; their holdings to P2P to receive these rewards. We accumulate users' stake and act as a major validation node, receiving and allocating staking rewards between our users pro rata to the delegation.</p> <p>Users that chose to stake with P2P maintain full custody of their ATOM at all times and P2P will never have access to them.</p> <h2 id="why-stake-cosmos-hub-atom-with-p2p-validator-a-namet2a">Why Stake Cosmos Hub (ATOM) with P2P Validator? <a name="T2"></a></h2> <p>Every delegator is self-responsible for the financial decisions made. It is very important to choose the right validator in order to maximize your rewards.</p> <p>P2P Validator has been supporting the Cosmos Hub network from day one providing community building, educational materials and a solid development team. In the process, we have also set ourselves as a trusted validator for ATOM delegators.</p> <p>We have a highly skilled, dedicated and experienced team (proven by our victories at the Cosmos Hub Game of Stakes and Game of Zones) to handle the network operations involved in staking ATOM, promising the highest network reliability and performance to our delegators. We have a 100% uptime record and have never been slashed. We have a significant ATOM stake, further demonstrating the community's trust in our staking infrastructure. With consistency and a competitive fee, we promise to provide a high yield on your delegation.</p> <p>P2P Validator provides special offers for delegations over 50,000 ATOM making it one of the best places for institutional investors. You can register on our Cosmos Hub staking page or simply get in contact with us via telegram to receive these benefits.</p> <p>By staking ATOM with us you help secure the network and add more value to the Cosmos Hub ecosystem in the long run. If you have any concerns along the way you can get in touch with us anytime!</p> <h2 id="cosmos-hub-atom-staking-rewards-fees-a-namet3a">Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking Rewards &amp; Fees <a name="T3"></a></h2> <p>You will be earning an estimated 19% APR when staking Cosmos Hub (ATOM) with P2P. Please keep in mind that the APR specified is approximate and changes along with network conditions.</p> <p>In order to run the staking infrastructure, we charge a 8% fee on your rewards. The rewards after taking the fee into consideration will therefore be 17.48%</p> <p>Example:</p> <p>I delegate 1000 ATOM to P2P</p> <p>Reward: 1000*19% = 190 ATOM</p> <p>Fee = 190*8% = 15.2 ATOM</p> <p>Estimated balance after 1 year = 1000+190- 15.2 = 1174.8 ATOM</p> <p>By simply delegating my 1000 ATOM as I hold it, I will have supported the network and earned an additional 174.8 ATOM after 1 year. Please keep in mind that the APR specified is approximate and changes along with network conditions.</p> <h2 id="how-to-track-my-cosmos-hub-atom-staking-rewards-a-namet4a">How to Track my Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking Rewards <a name="T4"></a></h2> <p>Tracking Cosmos Hub (ATOM) staking rewards is really easy when using the <a href="https://wallet.keplr.app/">Keplr wallet</a>.</p> <p>On your dashboard you will be able to see the amount staked and every pending reward for each delegation you have, not only on ATOM, but for every Cosmos Hub ecosystem supported chain.</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/1-1.png" alt="Keplr dashboard"> </p> <h2 id="cosmos-hub-atom-warm-up-reward-distribution-frequency-a-namet5a">Cosmos Hub' (ATOM) Warm-up &amp; Reward Distribution Frequency <a name="T5"></a></h2> <p>Unlike most other networks, you will start receiving rewards as soon as you delegate!</p> <p>Cosmos Hub staking rewards are paid out in real-time, with rewards accruing approximately every 6 seconds. Your rewards will be distributed in a separate account from your delegation and are not compounded to your delegation. At any point you can decide to add them to your existing stake and start earning interest on them. The benefit of having your rewards paid out in a separate account is that they are not locked (you may withdraw them immediately) whereas it takes 21 days to unbond your delegated ATOM.</p> <h2 id="re-delegate-cosmos-hub-atom-a-namet6a">Re-delegate Cosmos Hub (ATOM) <a name="T6"></a></h2> <p>It is very important to choose a validator that you trust and respect. Sometimes the validator you have selected may begin to perform poorly affecting your rewards, or they change their configurations (ex: increase commissions). You may also find that you would rather support another validator that supports the ecosystem in a way that better suits your vision.</p> <p>With Cosmos Hub (ATOM), you have the option to instantly change your validator once every twenty-one days. If you partially re-delegate ATOM, you can re-delegate the remaining amount without the 21 day restraint.</p> <p>You will not lose out on any rewards while re-delegating, but you will have to pay a small transaction fee.</p> <h2 id="cosmos-hub-atom-undelegation-period-a-namet7a">Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Undelegation period <a name="T7"></a></h2> <p>If you wish to stop delegating all together, the Cosmos Hub network enforces a 21 day period for your ATOM to unbond. In that period, you will not be earning interest on your unbonding ATOM and will not be able to withdraw them.</p> <p>Be aware that you can only unbond ATOM seven times with the same validator within a twenty-one day period.</p> <h2 id="cosmos-hub-atom-ledger-live-staking-guide-a-namet8a">Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Ledger Live Staking Guide <a name="T8"></a></h2> <p>We have created a step-by-step guide to help you stake your Cosmos Hub (ATOM) using the Ledger Live application!</p> <p>How To Stake Cosmos (ATOM) with Ledger Live | P2P Validator</p> <p>Before you start, make sure that you:</p> <ul> <li>Have updated Ledger live to its latest version</li> <li>Download the latest version of the Cosmos Hub App</li> <li>Add an ATOM account. Learn more</li> <li>Add ATOM to your account</li> </ul> <p>Getting started:<br> Go to your accounts and select the one you wish to stake from.</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/2.png" alt="Select account"> </p> <p>At the bottom of the page you will see a section named &quot;nominations&quot;. Here click on the button &quot;Earn rewards&quot;:</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/3.png" alt="Nominations"> </p> <p>A new window will pop-up detailing information regarding the delegation process. After reading, press &quot;Continue&quot;:</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/4.png" alt="Earn Rewards"> </p> <p>Search for P2P validator from the list of validators. Input the amount you wish to stake and press &quot;Continue&quot;:</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/5.png" alt="Choose Validator"> </p> <p>You will be prompted to confirm the delegation on your ledger device. Please note that the Cosmos Hub APP must be open before proceeding.</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/6.png" alt="Confirm delegation"> </p> <p>You should now receive a confirmation message on your ledger live.</p> <p>That's it, your stake will activate and you'll start earning rewards immediately! Note that you will have to claim your rewards manually, which can either be added to your stake or to your available balances.</p> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="imtoken-comos-atom-staking-guide-a-namet9a">imToken Comos (ATOM) Staking Guide <a name="T9"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p></p><!--kg-card-begin: html--> <p align="center"> <iframe width="720" height="405" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/vS7YfHawhGc" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe> </p><!--kg-card-end: html--><p></p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="keplr-ledger-cosmos-hub-atom-staking-guide-a-namet10a">Keplr + Ledger Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking Guide <a name="T10"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>This <a href="https://p2p.org/economy/p/d7bb9334-8989-4299-a16d-02e52d6f26b7/">tutorial</a> helps you stake and manage <a href="https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/cosmos/">ATOM</a> tokens on the <a href="https://p2p.org/networks/cosmos">Cosmos</a> blockchain, using both the <a href="https://www.keplr.app/">Keplr</a> Browser Extension and Web Wallet together with your favorite <a href="https://www.ledger.com/">Ledger</a> device.</p><!--kg-card-begin: html--><p align="center"> <iframe width="720" height="405" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/_2uJZJ7BqYg" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe> </p> <!--kg-card-end: html--><p></p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="cosmos-hub-atom-staking-faq-a-namet11a">Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking FAQ <a name="T11"></a></h2> <h3 id="what-is-cosmos-hub">What is Cosmos Hub?</h3> <p>Cosmos Hub is a decentralized network of independent, scalable, and interoperable blockchains.</p> <h3 id="what-is-the-cosmos-hub-staking-apr">What is the Cosmos Hub staking APR?</h3> <p>The Cosmos Hub staking reward is approximately 16.1%. More info here.</p> <h3 id="how-often-are-staking-rewards-distributed">How often are staking rewards distributed?</h3> <p>Cosmos Hub staking rewards are paid out in real-time, with rewards accruing approximately every 7 seconds. More info here.</p> <h3 id="is-there-an-unstaking-period">Is there an unstaking period?</h3> <p>The Cosmos Hub network has a 21 day unstaking period throughout which your tokens will not be transferable. More info here.</p> <h3 id="is-there-a-slashing-risk-for-validators">Is there a slashing risk for validators?</h3> <p>Cosmos Hub network does have slashing risk for delegators.</p> <h3 id="is-there-a-minimum-staking-amount-for-cosmos-hub">Is there a minimum staking amount for Cosmos Hub?</h3> <p>There is no minimum staking amount for staking ATOM.</p> <h3 id="do-staking-rewards-compound">Do staking rewards compound?</h3> <p>No, staking rewards must be claimed by the user manually and delegated to achieve compounding effect.</p> <h3 id="what-is-the-cosmos-hub-inflation-rate">What is the Cosmos Hub inflation rate?</h3> <p>The Cosmos Hub network inflation rate is approximately 7% per year.</p> <!--kg-card-end: markdown-->

P2P Validator

from p2p validator

Ethereum Ethereum 2.0 staking - The Beginners Guide

<!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h1 id="table-of-contents">Table of Contents</h1> <ul> <li><span style=" font-size:16px"> Ethereum 2.0 staking - The Beginners Guide </span> <ul> <li><a href="#T1"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What Is Ethereum 2.0?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T2"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What Is Ethereum 2.0 (ETH) Staking?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T3"><span style=" font-size:16px">Why Stake Ethereum for Ethereum 2.0?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T4"><span style=" font-size:16px">How Does Ethereum 2.0 (ETH) Staking Work?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T5"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Ethereum 2.0 (ETH) Staking Rewards &amp; Fees</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T6"><span style=" font-size:16px"> How Much Do You Make Staking Ethereum?</span></a> <ul> <li><a href="#T7"><span style=" font-size:16px"> When do I get my staking rewards?</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="#T8"><span style=" font-size:16px"> How do I Track My ETH 2.0 Staking Rewards?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T9"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Unstaking Period Ethereum (ETH)</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T10"><span style=" font-size:16px"> How to Stake Ethereum (ETH)?</span></a> <ul> <li><a href="#T11"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Solo Staking</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T12"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Staking as a Service</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T13"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Pooled Staking</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T14"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Centralized Exchanges</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T15"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Why Stake Ethereum with P2P?</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="#T16"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Possible Risks of Staking ETH</span></a> <ul> <li><a href="#T17"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What Will Ethereum 2.0 Value Be?</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="#T18"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Conclusion</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="#T19"><span style=" font-size:16px"> ETH 2.0 Staking FAQ</span></a> <ul> <li><a href="#T20"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What is Ethereum?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T21"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What is the Ethereum staking APR?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T22"><span style=" font-size:16px"> How often are staking rewards distributed?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T23"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Is there an unstaking period?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T24"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Is there a slashing risk for validators?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T25"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Is there a minimum staking amount for Ethereum?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T26"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Do staking rewards compound?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T27"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What is the Ethereum inflation rate?</span></a></li> </ul> </li> </ul> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>The Ethereum ecosystem has been gaining immense popularity in the last few years. This blockchain platform hosts a variety of DeFi projects and NFTs, while its native coin, ETH, remains the second largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization. Ethereum Foundation, the non-profit organization that supports this system, continuously attempts to improve the Ethereum network, making it more scalable, sustainable, and secure. </p><p>One of the most significant changes that Ethereum is undergoing now is the introduction of Ethereum 2.0, which implies a switch from the Proof-of-Work (PoW) to the Proof-of-Stake (PoS) protocol. This upgrade is aimed at solving the problem of fast-growing transaction costs (aka gas costs) and colossal energy consumption by shifting from mining to a staking mechanism. In this article, we will dive deeper into Ethereum 2.0, outline its key features, and provide you with all the important details on how to stake Ethereum (ETH).</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="what-is-ethereum-20a-namet1a">What is Ethereum 2.0?<a name="T1"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/SFTx3GHk7QKfs9OyQyk6Y8wLw6LZZPGQJpvB9Cau4pAJi_v5imj0zEDCnelYD_YSPqTbIrq8wtMTNCNcZ_pGM8H98Ka9JQd1zY_i70USWJhNTGAFpeE4nt_r4Mtn9YSRerWeULV3T4ySwdfCKcST2wA" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>Ethereum 2.0 (also called Serenity or ETH2) is a number of updates planned by the Ethereum Foundation which are going to result in the ETH network moving from the PoW to PoS consensus protocol. The primary goal of this major network improvement is to solve the issues of scalability, high transaction fees, and energy consumption that have been plaguing Ethereum (ETH) since its inception. <br>The Ethereum Foundation has been working on these long-awaited upgrades for several years now. The first change happened in 2020 when the Beacon Chain was introduced. It opened the possibility of ETH staking. Another upgrade called “The Merge” is planned to occur in 2022. This step will unite ETH1 (the  execution layer) and ETH2 (the consensus layer) into one network. The total shift to the Proof-of-Stake mechanism is expected to finish in 2023 - 2024.<br></p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="what-is-ethereum-20-eth-staking-a-namet2a">What is Ethereum 2.0 (ETH) Staking? <a name="T2"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>The Proof-of-Work (PoW) consensus algorithm used by the current Ethereum ecosystem implies that miners validate transactions and add new blocks to the blockchain in exchange for rewards paid in ETH. <em>Although this approach has proven to be secure, it has some significant pitfalls. <br></em></p><ol><li><em><strong>Huge energy consumption.</strong> PoW is quite resource-intensive as it requires expensive hardware and a lot of electricity to power it. <br></em></li><li><em><strong>Ever-growing gas costs.</strong> As the network expands, the transaction fees increase. <br></em></li><li><em><strong>Limited scalability. </strong>The current Ethereum network can only process around 15 transactions per second.</em></li></ol><p><br>These issues can be resolved as soon as the Proof-of-Stake mechanism comes out. PoS is a much more efficient and eco-friendly way of validating transactions and adding new blocks to the blockchain. In this approach, instead of mining, there is a staking process in which users stake their Ethereum to validate transactions and earn rewards. As there is no need for expensive hardware or enormous amounts of electricity, PoS is much cheaper and more sustainable than PoW. <em>Moreover, as stakers can validate transactions much faster, Ethereum’s scalability will also improve.</em></p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="why-stake-ethereum-for-ethereum-20-a-namet3a">Why stake Ethereum for Ethereum 2.0? <a name="T3"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Every ETH holder might wonder why it’s worth staking. Let’s consider the core reasons.</p><ol><li><strong>Extra income.</strong> Staking is a great way to earn passive returns. As long as you keep your ETH staked, you will continue to receive a percentage of rewards.</li><li><strong>Ethereum network development.</strong> This is one of the ways to support the Ethereum ecosystem and its shifting to the PoS consensus algorithm. If you stake your ETH, you help to secure the network and make it more scalable.</li><li><strong>Sustainability.</strong> Staking is eco-friendly. Unlike mining, it doesn’t require heavy energy consumption.</li><li><strong>Easy to start.</strong> Anyone with a computer can become a staker. It’s not necessary to have expensive hardware or much capital to get started.</li></ol><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="how-does-ethereum-20-eth-staking-work-a-namet4a">How does Ethereum 2.0 (ETH) Staking work? <a name="T4"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>ETH staking implies adding new blocks to the Ethereum blockchain. A user must deposit 32 ETH to become a full validator who is responsible for processing transactions, storing data, and adding blocks. The reward is earned for correctly validated transactions. If a validator submits fraudulent transactions or breaks the network rules, they are punished with a process known as slashing, which means that they could lose part of their investment and be kicked out of the ETH ecosystem.</p><p>There are some alternative ways to participate in staking. If a user doesn’t want to get into the details of this reward-earning approach or deal with hardware, they could make use of staking-as-a-service. For users who are limited in capital, there is an option of pooled staking. However, it’s crucial to remember that these techniques come with certain risks, especially related to the counterparty.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="ethereum-20-eth-staking-rewards-fees-a-namet5a">Ethereum 2.0 (ETH) Staking Rewards &amp; Fees <a name="T5"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>In staking, the amount of the reward is variable. It depends on factors such as the total amount of ETH staked, the length of time it is staked for, and the overall inflation rate. For example, if you stake your ETH for a shorter period, you will receive less reward than if you stake it for a longer time. However, as long as you keep your ETH staked, you will continue to receive rewards regularly. Most commonly, users who stake their ETH take a reward of about 8% Annual Percentage Rate (APR). This means that if you stake 1 Ethereum, you will have 1.08 ETH at the end of the year.<br>When it comes to the fees, everything depends on the platform the staker is using. The amount can greatly vary. For example, Lido takes 10% for ETH staking, Coinbase has a 25% fee, while <a href="https://p2p.org/networks/ethereum">P2P</a> charges a 10% fee.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="how-much-do-you-make-staking-ethereum-a-namet6a">How Much Do You Make Staking Ethereum? <a name="T6"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>As previously mentioned, the amount of money that can be earned from staking Ethereum can vary depending on several factors. The size of the reward is impacted by the amount of ETH that is being staked - the more ETH, the higher the potential reward. Another important factor to take into account is the time the Ethereum is being staked for - a longer period will typically result in more significant profits. In addition, it is also important to consider the current interest rate on Ethereum. The higher it is, the more money can be earned from staking this cryptocurrency. Currently, the average reward from ETH staking fluctuates between 3% - 8% paid annually.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h3 id="when-do-i-get-my-staking-rewards-a-namet7a">When do I get my staking rewards? <a name="T7"></a></h3> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>An Ethereum staker gets a reward after each epoch, which usually lasts 6.5 minutes on average. However, it’s important to note that the user should be active during this time to receive it, meaning that they should be online and validating.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="how-do-i-track-my-eth-20-staking-rewards-a-namet8a">How Do I Track My ETH 2.0 Staking Rewards? <a name="T8"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>To track Ethereum staking rewards, the user needs to find their staking address. It’s possible to do it in two ways:</p><ul><li>Find it via transaction history in the blockchain explorer (a tool that allows users to view information about a particular blockchain).<br></li><li>Get the staking address from the wallet and then insert it in the blockchain explorer to find the related information.</li></ul><p>Overall, the process of tracking your ETH 2.0 staking rewards is relatively simple and can be done using either a blockchain explorer or one of the multiple tools that help to track rewards.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="unstaking-period-for-ethereum-eth-a-namet9a">Unstaking period for Ethereum (ETH) <a name="T9"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>The unstaking or undelegation period is the time users must wait to withdraw their ETH if they want to stop staking. This period is required to ensure that all the rewards that have been earned are properly distributed. <br><br>On Ethereum, it is currently not possible to unstake your assets, once they are staked. Withdrawal of staked assets will be enabled in 2023 with the Shanghai upgrade. The unstaking period is variable and depends on how much ETH is queued to be unstaked at the time.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="how-to-stake-ethereum-a-namet10a">How to stake Ethereum? <a name="T10"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>There are a few different ways a user can stake Ethereum. Let’s have a look at them.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h3 id="solo-staking-a-namet11a">Solo staking <a name="T11"></a></h3> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Solo staking means that users stake their ETH and do not pool it with others. This approach comes with the maximum reward since it is not shared with other users. For this type of staking, it’s necessary to invest 32 ETH and have a robust computer with a constant internet connection.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h3 id="staking-as-a-service-a-namet12a">Staking as a service <a name="T12"></a></h3> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>This is an easier way for users to participate in staking without having to set up their own validators or run any special software. Instead, they simply deposit their ETH into the provider's smart contract. This model allows for earning rewards without having to bear the full costs and risks of running a validator node. Although Ethereum staking service providers typically charge a small fee, this is often offset by the higher rewards that they offer.</p><p>Staking as a service exists in three forms: custodial, semi-custodial, and non-custodial.<br></p><ul><li><strong>Custodial service providers</strong> completely manage the staking process. They own the users’ validator and withdrawal keys.</li><li><strong>Semi-custodial service providers</strong> don’t hold users’ withdrawal keys, and thus don’t have access to the customer funds, but they do hold users' validator keys.</li><li><strong>Non-custodial service providers</strong> allow users to earn interest on their Ethereum holdings without having to give up control of their private keys.<br></li></ul><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h3 id="pooled-staking-a-namet13a">Pooled Staking <a name="T13"></a></h3> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Pooled staking is when users pool their Ethereum together to have a better chance of validating blocks and earning rewards. This is a great way for users to earn rewards without having to stake 32 ETH. However, it’s crucial to remember that it’s not a native staking method, and thus it comes with increased third-party risks.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h3 id="centralized-exchanges-a-namet14a">Centralized Exchanges <a name="T14"></a></h3> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>This staking method has gained particular popularity among ETH holders. A centralized exchange is a suitable choice for users who don’t feel comfortable holding Ethereum in their wallets and managing their keys. Although centralized exchanges typically offer higher rewards than other methods of staking, they also come with the risk of losing ETH if the exchange is hacked or becomes insolvent.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h3 id="why-stake-ethereum-with-p2p-a-namet15a">Why stake Ethereum with P2P? <a name="T15"></a></h3> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p><a href="https://p2p.org/networks/ethereum">P2P</a> provides non-custodial services for Ethereum (ETH) staking. As previously mentioned, this means that users keep full control of their assets and the platform doesn’t have access to their private keys. </p><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P</a> is a cutting-edge solution that provides its customers with top-notch security, transparency, and strong community support. When it comes to ETH staking rewards and fees, after The Merge, it offers its users a ~8% APR and charges a 10% validator fee. By staking before The Merge, a 0.1 ETH flat fee is charged for every 32 ETH.</p><p>New and existing clients can benefit from a 0% validator fee per quarter when staking more than 320 ETH.<br>P2P is one of the leading Node Operators at LIDO, running thousands of nodes for almost 2 years. By opting for this ETH staking solution, users receive high-quality service and 24/7 expert account monitoring and support.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="possible-risks-of-staking-eth-a-namet16a">Possible risks of staking ETH <a name="T16"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/yboZPMkuwLYbqf0ogKAcgMLlQMbdiWl3y1A9VodxcUbzSvlxLMzwm247h7hwtclbKy8sSqlyjlilukqMcr-f-fs97vBjqoU6ZSijj6cUtQQfkqhyuNXtb9fcMaExSJqjp8lcqZgpyrOwX-aHiv2mqcI" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>If you decide to stake your ETH, it’s important to be aware of the risks related to this approach. Let’s have a look at the most significant ones:<br></p><ol><li><strong>Unclear price of ETH 2.0.</strong> The value of Ethereum 2.0 will undoubtedly differ from the current Ethereum price. If it goes down, you will still earn rewards for staking, but the overall value of your investment will decrease. However, if Ethereum 2.0 turns out to be successful, its value is likely to increase along with your potential rewards.<br></li><li><strong>Unstaking.</strong> Users will not be able to withdraw their staked Ethereum by the time Ethereum 2.0 is completely released. This could take a couple of years. Currently, the Ethereum Foundation has scheduled the terminal stage for 2023-2024.<br></li><li><strong>Slashing.</strong> This is the risk of losing some funds. Slashing is a penalty imposed on stakers who fail to comply with the network rules or validate fraudulent transactions.<br></li><li><strong>Private key loss.</strong> If a user loses their private keys, they will not be able to access their ETH, and thus will not be able to earn rewards.<br></li></ol><p>While all these risks are possible, they are also relatively unlikely if you are well aware of the features and limitations of this approach.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h3 id="what-will-ethereum-20-value-be-a-namet17a">What will Ethereum 2.0 Value Be? <a name="T17"></a></h3> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Different crypto experts have various expectations about the Ethereum price in the short- and long-term perspective. However, the majority of them agree that the improvements related to Ethereum 2.0 will push this crypto to enter a bullish market. </p><p><a href="https://coinpedia.org/information/market-price-prediction-ethereum-2019/">Coinpedia</a> expects Ethereum to be traded at about $5,000 at the end of 2023. Moreover, if the ETH 2.0 release turns out to be successful, the value of this crypto could hit a maximum of around $11,000 in 2025.<br><br><a href="https://coinpriceforecast.com/ethereum-forecast-2020-2025-2030">Coin Price forecast</a> also has a positive forecast for the Ethereum price. However, it’s more reserved. This platform believes that ETH will reach the level of about $2,200 by the end of 2022 and will continue growing, approaching $2,800 in 2025.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="conclusion-a-namet18a">Conclusion <a name="T18"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Ethereum staking could be a great way of gaining extra income. Moreover, this process, in contrast to mining, comes with significantly improved scalability, security, and sustainability. However, before making any decision, it’s crucial to be aware of the risks involved. One of the main issues to take into account is that users will not able to withdraw their staked Ethereum by the time Ethereum 2.0 is completely released.<br><br>If you decide that the advantages of this approach outweigh its potential risks, you need to choose among the several possible ways to stake Ethereum and commence your journey.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h1 id="eth-20-staking-faq-a-namet19a">ETH 2.0 Staking FAQ <a name="T19"></a></h1> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="what-is-ethereuma-namet20a">What is Ethereum?<a name="T20"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Ethereum is a decentralized, open-source blockchain featuring smart contract functionality. Its native token, ETH, is the second largest crypto by market cap after Bitcoin. Ethereum is a unique platform that serves as a home for many decentralized applications and NFTs. Currently, the network is undergoing some significant changes which will result in shifting from a Proof-of-Work to a Proof-of-Stake mechanism.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="what-is-the-ethereum-staking-apr-a-namet21a">What is the Ethereum staking APR? <a name="T21"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>In Ethereum staking, the reward may vary depending on the amount of ETH invested, the time it is staked for, the inflation rate, and more. However, the average Ethereum staking yield is about 5.4%.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="how-often-are-staking-rewards-distributed-a-namet22a">How often are staking rewards distributed? <a name="T22"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Ethereum staking rewards are distributed by stakers every 24 hours. The amount of the rewards depends on the number of ETH tokens staked, the time they are staked for, inflation, and more. However, typically it is around 4% per year.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="is-there-an-unstaking-period-a-namet23a">Is there an unstaking period? <a name="T23"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Unstaking Ethereum or any other crypto means taking these coins out of the staking pool. There is no unstaking period in the Ethereum network, and your tokens will be transferable immediately upon unstaking. Note that once you have unstaked your coins, they are no longer eligible for staking rewards.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="is-there-a-slashing-risk-for-validators-a-namet24a">Is there a slashing risk for validators? <a name="T24"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Yes, there is such a risk. Slashing is a type of punishment imposed on users who don’t comply with network regulations or submit fraudulent transactions. This could result in a user losing some of their funds or even being kicked out of the network.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="is-there-a-minimum-staking-amount-for-ethereum-a-namet25a">Is there a minimum staking amount for Ethereum? <a name="T25"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>In general, there is no minimum amount to stake Ethereum. However, there could be some minimum requirements set by individual staking pools. P2P users don’t have to provide any minimum ETH staking amount.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="do-staking-rewards-compound-a-namet26a">Do staking rewards compound? <a name="T26"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>No, Ethereum staking rewards don't compound; most smart contracts do not allow for compounding rewards. This means that users cannot gain interest on their interest.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="what-is-the-ethereum-inflation-rate-a-namet27a">What is the Ethereum inflation rate? <a name="T27"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>The annual Ethereum supply is limited to 18,000,000. This means that its inflation rate has to decrease each year. As a result, in 2022, Ethereum inflation dropped from 1.10% to 0.51% during the first quarter.</p><p></p><p></p>

P2P Validator

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Kusama, Moonbeam Postmortem: Moonbeam Collator Incident (September 4 2022)

<p></p><h3 id="summary">Summary </h3><p>On September 4 at 15:15 UTC one of our collators stopped syncing and due to an error in the monitoring rules the incident went unnoticed. As a result of this the collator did not produce blocks for a period of 27 hours.</p><h3 id="what-happened">What Happened?</h3><p>An error was made in one of the many rules of our monitoring system. When writing this rule, we mistakenly used the wrong metric to determine the status of the collator in the candidate list. As a result, when the collator stopped synchronizing, the engineering team did not receive any notifications about the incident.</p><h3 id="customer-impact">Customer Impact</h3><p>Delegators who nominated and had their staked allocated to this collator did not receive rewards for a period of 4 rounds.</p><h3 id="what-went-wrong">What went wrong?</h3><p>Unfortunately, we received information about the incident from an external source, which is unacceptable.</p><h3 id="what-went-well">What went well?</h3><p>After receiving information about the incident, the failed collator was promptly restored as soon as possible and began to produce blocks.</p><h3 id="lessons-learnt-and-action-plan">Lessons learnt and action plan</h3><p>We are going to implement strict checks and audits of all our monitoring rules. We are also in the process of automating testing of monitoring rules as much as possible before applying them to the production environment.</p><p><br>P2P takes full responsibility for the event that led to the weak performance and we are sorry for the inconvenience. Please be assured that we are taking actions to eliminate even a small probability of such an event occurring in the future.</p><hr><p><strong><strong><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></strong></strong></p><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, more than 1.5 billion USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 40+ networks.</p><p><em><em>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</em></em></p><p><br></p><p> </p>

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Cardano What to look for when choosing a Cardano pool?

<h3></h3><p>At first, Cardano might appear to have a complicated staking system, but in reality it's quite simple. In this article we will begin by outlining Cardano’s staking architecture before moving on to the key factors about validator pools that will affect your Return-on-Assets (ROA). By the end of this article, you will be able to confidently select a validator pool that is the right fit for you. <br></p><h2 id="staking-architecture">Staking Architecture</h2><p>To get a better understanding of the whole staking architecture, let's first start with how rewards are generated. Within each epoch, fees from network operations and new emissions are collected into a fund. Part of these collected assets goes to the Cardano treasury, while the rest is distributed to validators and delegators as a reward for their commitment to securing the network through staking. <br><br>The validator's role is to secure the network. They are responsible for confirming the validity of new blocks of transactions which are then added to the network's ledger. Every time a new block is added to the ledger, validators are rewarded with staking rewards. </p><p>Cardano token holders can earn staking rewards by delegating their ADA assets to one of the many available validator pools. By delegating your ADA to a validator pool, you are providing this validator with your tokens rights to participate in the validation of blocks. Validators will redistribute their earnings to their delegators pro rata to their stake. </p><p>A validator's probability to be allocated a block to produce, depends on a number of factors. <strong>Pool saturation, </strong>which refers to how much stake a particular pool has,<strong> </strong>is the most important factor when it comes to allocation of new blocks. The higher the pool saturation, the higher is the amount staked in the pool. The greater a pool's stake is, the more blocks will be allocated to them. If the pool does not have enough stake to be allocated a new block, it can take as long as 5 or 50 epochs before they will produce a block. <br><br>So what factors are important to take into consideration when selecting the right validator pool? Below we explain the several key factors to take into account.</p><h2 id="important-factors-when-selecting-a-validator-pool"><br>Important factors when selecting a validator pool<br></h2><h3 id="pool-saturation">Pool saturation </h3><p>The Cardano staking architecture was created in a way that pool saturation does not have a significant effect on ROA in the long run. <br><br>Pools with larger stakes will have more blocks allocated to them and therefore will generate more rewards, but they will also have to distribute it amongst more delegated stake. Smaller pools will produce blocks less often, but will generate a high return to their delegators when they do. <br><br>One has to consider their strategy when deciding which pool to select: Whether they would rather choose a pool with high saturation that will produce more blocks and distribute rewards more evenly and frequently, or choose a less saturated pool that will produce fewer blocks but distribute greater rewards when it does. </p><p>However, in order to promote decentralisation, the Cardano protocol has a cap on the amount of rewards a validator's pool can receive. Therefore, if a pool is <em><strong>oversaturated</strong></em>, the rewards received for producing blocks will have to distribute between all the ADA that was delegated to that pool. This leads to lower rewards per each ADA delegation. The current oversaturation limit is 64 million ADA.</p><h3 id="pool-fees-margin"><br>Pool Fees (Margin)</h3><p>Validators may charge a fee (margin) for maintaining its pools, keeping a percentage of all rewards received. The usual margin for public pools is between 1 and 3%, which has a very low impact on rewards. For example, even if you stake 1 million ADA on nodes with 0% and 1% commission (let’s take average nodes with 50% saturation), the difference in rewards between them will be about 5-10 ADA per epoch. <br><br>Do note that validators can set the fee up to 100%, so it is important to check that the commission is not set too high.</p><h3 id="pledge">Pledge</h3><p>A pledge is an amount of assets self-bonded by the validator intended to remain staked to its pool for as long as it operates. It can affect ROA, but only very slightly. Below we will take a look at an example.</p><p>As an illustration, let's look at the change in the possible ROA depending on the pool parameters:</p><p>Let's imagine we have three pools, each with a saturation of 30 million ADA. Each of them has the following pledge values:</p><p>Pool 1 - 10,000 ADA, </p><p>Pool 2 - 100,000 ADA  </p><p>Pool 3 - 1,000,000 ADA</p><p>If you were to stake 10 million ADA, you would get the following ROA on each pool:</p><p>Pool 1 - 3.958%</p><p>Pool 2 - 3.960%</p><p>Pool 3 - 3.982%<br></p><p>As we can see, although there is a difference, it is not significant.<br></p><h3 id="luck">Luck </h3><p>Luck reflects the protocol randomness in the allocation of blocks. When a pool gets allocated more blocks to generate than expected, the luck metric is greater than 100%. If a pool gets allocated less blocks than it would be expected then that number is less than 100%.</p><p>Pools experience this metric every epoch regardless of their size and it is completely random, so smaller pools will see swings between 0% and 100% during long streaks, whereas larger pools will see higher returns in the same period. Over a long enough period of time, the expected APY on rewards will average towards the network expected value.</p><p>It's important to keep in mind that block allocation is calculated on the basis of statistics. If a pool has gotten more than it's expected share of blocks in the past, future block allocations will be lower and vice-versa. </p><h2 id="reliability-and-reputation">Reliability and Reputation</h2><p>Since Pool Saturation, Pledge and Luck do not have a significant impact on ROA in the long run on pools with similar fees, the main consideration a delegator needs to have when selecting a validator pool is the validator’s reliability. In case of failures, errors, etc., no blocks will be created and consequently no participant will receive any reward. So when choosing a pool, this decision should be made responsibly to be sure that the infrastructure is maintained without failures. You can analyse validators' historical performances on <a href="https://adapools.org/">explorers.</a></p><p><br>Let's take an example with one of P2P’s pools. Using the following <a href="https://adapools.org/pool/c29c92f8319150962650bc8a5e24d918491e8a7b3ac43525afe76baa">link</a> to the explorer, you can verify the performance and configurations of P2P. You can see that the saturation is less than half, it has a margin of 0%, a pledge of 1M ADA and it has a ROA of around 4-5%.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/LpTAxAlKIXJyY-JI_abbpO_Ryo6M6V7qFNqtWhm8R38oGMdFWGWaECyyyAda8xus17qRz2gNsNFqWd3DnSb7RVFYJD9BqKLIwHsnMWlb-wpaKGcn5E8sEd0_DsCA-QfkeEOSQ2siZnDtTORjzn53FXsCYIPyXN0XJTHeWRf0aep6JQhPG4p2m2QmfQ" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>Delegating to a public node is not the only way to stake. Many experienced validators, including P2P, provide the option to maintain a whitelabel node for large token holders. Essentially, a team would be responsible for maintaining the node, but it would be managed and owned by the token holder. In other words, a DevOps team would solve all the technical issues, whereas the owner would control the margin, marketing, etc. </p><h2 id="takeaways">Takeaways</h2><p>The Cardano staking architecture was designed in a way to provide all well performing staking pools with similar profitability opportunities, regardless of the size of their stake. Therefore, when selecting a public node, the most important consideration is the fee, the stability and reliability of the validator. Validators with low up time, or in cases where technical failures occur, may miss blocks and as a result delegators will lose out on potential rewards.<br></p><hr><h3 id="about-p2p-validator"><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, more than 1.5 billion USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 40+ networks.</p><p><em>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</em></p>

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Polkadot P2P Raises Fee at Polkadot while Continuing to increase sustainability

<h1></h1><p>P2P Validator has been supporting the Polkadot network from day one, <strong>providing high-quality validation services</strong> for DOT nominators. Our <strong>developed products allow nominators</strong> to easily manage investments and receive a detailed report on their staking income.</p><p><strong>We invest in the development of the Polkadot network</strong> and see long-term prospects, however, the costs of maintaining the infrastructure and product development are  higher than the revenues that the validator currently receives. We have decided to <strong>set a commission of 1% starting from 5 September 2022</strong> to remain flexible and provide more sustainable services.</p><h2 id="what-have-we-done"><strong>What have we done?</strong></h2><p>We <strong>did not stop the development activity</strong> in the Polkadot network and put in more than eight months of hard work for a reduced fee. Here is a list of the <strong>most significant achievements</strong> that we have released for the Polkadot ecosystem:</p><ol><li><a href="https://p2p.org/snapshot/polkadot">Snapshot service </a>for everyone who is running their own validators.</li><li><a href="https://github.com/p2p-org/substrate_node">Substrate node</a>. Compact set of terraform and ansible roles for deploying substrate-based node</li><li>Received and released a grant from WEB3 Foundation for a Multi Blockchain ETL solution for blockchains with an API for the collected data. We proceed to support the infrastructure for the MBELT, spending thousands of dollars every month.</li><li>Five articles and users guides posted.</li><li><a href="https://reports.p2p.org/superset/dashboard/polkadot_sample_report/?native_filters_key=UDDVi9IA6qtvjLQ1Kdg1lZ0LK4ZYcpf5oOs_UlOMnt7mBS7cc76QJ-Vw_5uBnPYT">P2P Dashboard</a> for Polkadot users:</li></ol><ul><li>Track and analyse nominator rewards</li><li>Different strategies performance overview</li><li>CSV reward report</li></ul><p>Product development inside the ecosystem is an essential element not only to support the Polkadot network but also as a part of the <strong>long-term growth of the community and the network value.</strong></p><h2 id="when-will-the-commission-be-increased"><strong>When will the commission be increased?</strong></h2><p>We will increase the commission to 1% starting September 5, 2022. There is a lot of work ahead, and we believe that <strong>joint efforts will accelerate the evolution of the Polkadot network.</strong></p><p>We want to <strong>thank all our nominators</strong> for their continuous support and for being with us!</p><p><strong>Special offer for <strong>20</strong>,<strong>000+</strong> DOT holders</strong></p><p>If you stake 20,000+ DOT, you can benefit from staking with P2P rebalancing service. Our optimized staking strategy provides up to 20% higher rewards than the network average. Our clients currently benefit from a 15% APR vs 13.8% net</p><p><strong>P2P plans of further developments</strong></p><p>While staying a reliable and affordable validator, P2P team plans to design and release block finalization community exporter to share our findings in tracking validator performance. We are committed to success of the Polkadot Network in the long term and hope that you can embark on this journey with us.</p><p>If you would like to know more about our offer for Polkadot please visit: <a href="https://p2p.org/networks/polkadot">https://p2p.org/networks/polkadot</a><br><br>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</p><hr><h2 id="about-p2p-validator"><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></h2><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, more than 1.5 billion USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 40+ networks.</p>

P2P Validator

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Ethereum Ethereum 2.0 FAQ

<p>If you are looking for information about The Merge we've got you covered. Below you can find answers to the most common questions about the upcoming Ethereum upgrade. </p><p></p><h3 id="what-is-ethereum-20">What is Ethereum 2.0?</h3><p>Ethereum 2.0 (ETH2) is a set of upgrades that looks to make Ethereum more scalable, secure and sustainable.</p><h3 id="will-ethereum-be-renamed-after-the-merge">Will Ethereum be renamed after The Merge?</h3><p>No, Ethereum will still be Ethereum and no new cryptocurrencies will be created. The ticker for the Ethereum token will remain the same, ETH.</p><p>This misconception comes from the fact that for a time ETH on the mainnet was referred to as ETH1 and ETH on the Beacon Chain was referred to as ETH2. After The Merge however only ETH will exist.</p><h3 id="what-are-the-major-differences-between-current-ethereum-and-ethereum-20">What are the major differences between current Ethereum and Ethereum 2.0?</h3><p>There are two big changes happening with the introduction of ETH2.</p><p>The first one will be a shift from Proof of work (PoW) to Proof of Stake (PoS). The second one will be the introduction of shard chains. </p><h3 id="what-is-the-difference-between-proof-of-work-pow-and-proof-of-stake-pos">What is the difference between Proof of Work (PoW) and Proof of Stake (PoS)?</h3><p>PoW is a consensus mechanism that relies on computational power and the expenditure of energy to validate transactions on a blockchain. In PoS validators use capital to validate transactions. This not only helps alleviate environmental concerns associated with PoW but also improves security and scalability.</p><h3 id="when-will-eth2-launch">When will ETH2 launch?</h3><p>The ETH2 launch will be segmented into phases. </p><p>The first phase occurred in December 2020 with the launch of the <strong>Beacon Chain</strong>. The launch of the Beacon Chain marked an important milestone in the road to ETH2, introducing PoS to Ethereum.</p><p>The next phase is called <strong>The Merge</strong> and it is scheduled to happen on September 19, 2022. The Merge represents the fusion of the current Ethereum mainnet with the Beacon Chain. This update will replace the current Proof of Work consensus mechanism with Proof of Stake.</p><p><strong>Shard chains</strong> are a scalability mechanism through which the blockchain is divided among many different nodes thus allowing transactions to be processed in parallel instead of consecutively. This helps drastically improve the network amount of transactions per second. This upgrade is currently expected to launch somewhere in 2023 following The Merge. There has been no confirmed date yet but be on the lookout for announcements.</p><h3 id="what-will-happen-to-my-ethereum">What will happen to my Ethereum?</h3><p>You won’t need to do anything with your Ethereum. The Merge was set up to be a seamless transition for the average user.</p><h3 id="what-is-ethereum-expected-staking-apr-after-the-merge">What is Ethereum expected staking APR after The Merge?</h3><p>The current APR before The Merge is around 4%. After The Merge the best estimates place the APR between the range of 7-11%. </p><p>You can find a more comprehensive answer to this question <a href="https://blog.lido.fi/modelling-the-entry-queue-post-merge-an-analysis-of-impacts-on-lidos-socialized-model/">here</a>.</p><h3 id="will-there-be-a-proof-of-work-fork-of-ethereum-after-the-merge-can-i-get-tokens-on-the-new-chain-if-i-stake-them">Will there be a Proof-of-Work fork of Ethereum after The merge? Can I get tokens on the new chain if I stake them?</h3><p>Yes, there most likely will be a fork of Ethereum after The Merge. Staked Ethereum will probably also not be counted towards getting new tokens in the forked chain.</p><p>There are pros in choosing to stake early rather than wait for the fork. As more ETH gets staked the less rewards are available for each validator. Due to the expected increase in staking APR post-merge one can capture this yield by staking early.</p><p>By waiting to stake one can also risk being caught up in the staking queue that can form if a large number of validators are trying to be created at the same time. This can push the current waiting period to start earning rewards, which currently goes up to 7 days, to a 2 to 4 months waiting period. </p><p>The calculation being made here is between the profit earned from the tokens on the new chain versus the loss of staking rewards for 2 to 4 months.</p><h3 id="what-is-the-minimum-amount-of-eth-i-can-stake">What is the minimum amount of ETH I can stake?</h3><p>You don’t need any Ethereum to run a node. However to validate blocks and earn staking rewards you need to stake at least 32 ETH.</p><p>Running a non-block-producing node is still incentivized since it improves network security.</p><h3 id="how-often-are-staking-rewards-distributed">How often are staking rewards distributed? </h3><p>Withdrawals from the Beacon Chain are not enabled so rewards are not being distributed just yet. You can still earn rewards however. </p><h3 id="will-i-be-able-to-earn-mev-rewards-from-staking">Will I be able to earn MEV rewards from staking?</h3><p>Yes, our APR estimates include MEV rewards.</p><h3 id="is-there-a-slashing-risk-for-validators">Is there a slashing risk for Validators?</h3><p>Yes, there is slashing risk to prevent malicious actions on the network.</p><h3 id="do-staking-rewards-compound">Do staking rewards compound?</h3><p>No, staking rewards do not compound because withdrawals from the Beacon Chain will not be enabled just yet.</p><h3 id="will-the-network-experience-any-downtime-during-the-merge">Will the network experience any downtime during The Merge?</h3><p>No, the network will not experience any downtime. The upgrade was designed to cause no disruption to the network.</p><h3 id="will-the-gas-fees-reduce-after-the-merge">Will the gas fees reduce after The Merge?</h3><p>No, The Merge changes the consensus mechanism from PoW to PoS. Gas fees are dictated by the network usage, future updates will look to address gas fees.</p><h3 id="will-transactions-be-faster-after-the-merge">Will transactions be faster after The Merge?</h3><p>It’s very unlikely. The Merge focus is not on scalability, future upgrades to the network will focus on scalability.<br></p><p>If you are interested in staking Ethereum with P2P, please email us at <a href="mailto:[email protected]" rel="noopener noreferrer">[email protected]</a>.</p><hr><p>About P2P Validator</p><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong><strong><strong><strong>more than </strong></strong>2.9<strong><strong> billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 2</strong></strong>5<strong><strong>,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong></strong></strong></strong></p><p>Want to stake Ethereum with us? Visit <a href="https://p2p.org/networks/ethereum">p2p.org/networks/ethereum</a>  to find out more about Ethereum staking.</p><p>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</p>

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Cosmos Introducing Neutron

<h3 id="p2p-is-building-neutron-a-permission-less-zone-featuring-cosmwasm-and-full-ibc-capability-including-interchain-accounts-and-queries-to-host-the-interchain%E2%80%99s-infrastructure-and-defi-protocols-neutron-is-proposed-to-launch-as-a-consumer-chain-secured-by-the-cosmos-hub">P2P is building Neutron, a permission-less zone featuring CosmWasm and full IBC capability (including Interchain Accounts and Queries) to host the Interchain’s infrastructure and DeFi protocols. Neutron is proposed to launch as a Consumer-Chain secured by the Cosmos Hub.</h3><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><p> </p> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>The vision of an ecosystem of the sovereign, interconnected blockchains is coming to life. As the technology underpinning Cosmos matures, adoption is picking up: a recent example, dYdX, a major Ethereum Perp-Trading protocol, announced it was moving to a custom App-Chain to provide better order book trading services to its users.</p><p>Not all protocols need the same degree of customization as dYdX does, though, and most would rather avoid the overhead associated with the construction of a generic zone. For these protocols, there needs to be a secure, well-connected CosmWasm hub where to deploy.</p><p>Currently, such a zone does not exist: no chain is as secure as the Cosmos Hub, and Proposal 69 showed the community’s preference for virtual machines to be released on Consumer-Chains, rather than the Hub itself.</p><p>Today, we are proud to announce we are making the Cosmonauts’ vision a reality: Introducing Neutron, a permission-less, Interchain-Secured CosmWasm smart-contracting environment for the Interchain.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><p> </p> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><h3 id="what-is-neutron">What is Neutron?</h3><p>Neutron is designed to be the premier venue for Interchain Smart-Contract deployment:</p><p>Built with the Cosmos SDK, Neutron features native support for CosmWasm, a virtual machine that allows smart contracts written in Rust, AssemblyScript and other coding languages to run on Cosmos blockchains. The resulting smart-contracts have significant benefits over the release of code into an Appchain’s binary: they benefit from a large library of testing tools, are easier to deploy and upgrade, and can be audited more efficiently.</p><p>To protect its ecosystem from the get go, Neutron would be secured by 175 validators and roughly 186M staked ATOM, worth $1.5Bn at the time of writing. This is made possible by a technology called Interchain Security, which lets validators from a Provider-Chain (e.g. the Cosmos Hub) produce blocks for a Consumer-Chain (e.g. Neutron). Node operators are rewarded with additional native tokens, but can be sanctioned if they fail to validate the Consumer-Chain. In a nutshell, Interchain Security would provide Neutron with the same degree of security as the Cosmos Hub, the 10th largest blockchain by value staked.</p><p>Neutron is Interchain-oriented: it supports the Inter-Blockchain Communication protocol (IBC), Interchain Accounts (ICA), as well as Interchain Queries (ICQ), at launch. Initially, Interchain Queries will be provided by a custom implementation developed by P2P, and upgraded to the official release once it is available. This allows any protocol deploying on Neutron to effortlessly communicate with the rest of IBC, and enables complex operations such as interchain liquid staking or cross-chain collateralization.</p><p>Last but not least, Neutron is permission-less: it is an open platform where anyone can deploy code to join the Interchain’s economy. Neutron is a neutral foundation on which anything can be built. It does not presume the worth of a project, and does not favor the interests of a protocol over that of another. Neutron is a public-good, owned by the community, by its users.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><p> </p> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><h3 id="what-is-p2p">What is P2P?</h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P</a> is a professional validator and a non-custodial staking provider which secures more than $1.5Bn in assets across the industry.</p><p>A long-term contributor to the Cosmos ecosystem, P2P has been securing the Cosmos Hub since genesis. It participated in the ATOM fundraiser and regularly open-sources its tooling.</p><p>At P2P, we have a strong conviction in the Interchain’s vision, which is why we help secure sixteen Cosmos networks, including Kava, Agoric, Evmos, Oasis and others.</p><p>P2P is an established player with valuable relationships across the DeFi industry: we see the need for a secure, permission-less, well-connected and reliable smart-contract platform. So, we built Neutron.</p><p>Over the coming weeks and months, we will be sharing more details about Neutron. The future of the Interchain is bright, let’s build it together: join the conversation over on the <a href="https://forum.cosmos.network/t/proposal-bringing-liquid-staking-and-defi-to-the-cosmos-hub-with-interchain-security/">Cosmos Forum</a>.</p>

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Moonbeam Moonbeam (GLMR) Staking Guide

<p>Looking to stake your GLMR but need help getting started? You've come to the right place. In this article we will be explaining in a easy step-by-step approach how to stake your GLMR. Let's get started. </p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-grey"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text">Prerequisites: All you need before we get started is a Metamask account and at least 50 GLMR!</div></div><h3 id="connect-to-the-moonbeam-dashboard">Connect to the Moonbeam Dashboard</h3><p>1. The first thing that you will want to do is to connect to the Moonbeam dashboard. Navigate to the following page and select Metamask:  <br>"<a href="https://moonbeam.network/tutorial/stake-glmr/">https://moonbeam.network/tutorial/stake-glmr/</a>" </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-4.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="1328" height="634" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/06/image-4.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/06/image-4.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-4.png 1328w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>If you are not signed in yet, Metamask will ask you to sign in. </p><p>2. Metamask will then ask you: a) which account you wish to connect to, b) permission to add the Moonbeam network to your Metamask, and c) allow the website to switch your network to the Moonbeam network. Approve each pop-up. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/img_01--1-.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="1137" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/06/img_01--1-.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/06/img_01--1-.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/06/img_01--1-.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/img_01--1-.png 2230w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>3. If you find that your account is still not connected to the Moonbeam dashboard, go back to your Metamask account. It may ask you to connect your account again.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-146.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="318" height="326"></figure><p>4. If you haven't yet deposited any GLMR to your Metamask account, you can do so by finding your address as shown in the image below: </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-144.jpg" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="352" height="592"></figure><p>5. Once you are connected to the dashboard, you will find information about your account including your available balance, staking balance, and even crowd loan rewards. </p><h3 id="how-to-stake-your-glmr">How to Stake your GLMR</h3><p>1. To stake your GLMR, head to the staking section in the dashboard. Scroll down and select "manage delegations". </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-8.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="664" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/06/image-8.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/06/image-8.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/06/image-8.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/06/image-8.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>2. Next you will have to select a Collator. Collators are responsible for validating blocks, and in return they will be recompensed with rewards. These rewards will then be shared with you, the delegator. More information about what collators are and how to select them here. Once you know who you will chose, click on "Select a Collator". </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-9.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="920" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/06/image-9.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/06/image-9.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/06/image-9.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/06/image-9.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>3. You can either select an active delegator or a waiting one. More information on how to chose a Collator here. For demonstrative purposes, I will select to delegate with P2P. Type in P2P and select this collator if you wish to delegate with us. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-11.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="548" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/06/image-11.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/06/image-11.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/06/image-11.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-11.png 2066w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>4. Next, enter the amount you wish to delegate (remember the minimum is 50 GLMR) and select "Delegate".</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-14.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="303" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/06/image-14.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/06/image-14.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/06/image-14.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/06/image-14.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>5. Metamask will prompt you to confirm the transaction. Select "Confirm".</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-145--1-.jpg" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="358" height="616"></figure><p><br>Thats it! You are now staking your GLMR and you will start compounding your funds. You can track your stake on your staking dashboard.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-18.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="674" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/06/image-18.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/06/image-18.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/06/image-18.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/06/image-18.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p><em>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</em></p><h3 id="about-p2p-validator"><br><strong><strong><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></strong></strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, more than 1.5 billion USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</p><p><em><em>Want to stake </em>GLMR<em> with us? Visit </em></em><a href="https://p2p.org/networks/moonbeam"><em>https://p2p.org/networks/moonbeam</em></a><em><em> to find out more about </em>Moonbeam<em> staking.</em></em></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Cardano Yoroi Cardano (ADA) Staking Guide

<p>Before you start, make sure that you have downloaded the <a href="https://yoroi-wallet.com/#/" rel="nofollow noopener noreferrer">Yoroi browser extension</a> and created a wallet. The first thing you will want to do once you have created a Yoroi wallet is to send some ADA to it.</p><h2 id="send-ada-to-your-yoroi-wallet"><strong>Send ADA to your Yoroi Wallet</strong></h2><p>1. To find your receiving address, select "Receive". <br></p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/370511950/0438020d732bb4c0435474a9/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>2.  Here you can generate a new address and copy your address by selecting the button displayed below (2). Always make sure that your address is copied properly.<br></p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/370514146/aff3ef367ca9669351066b00/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>You will then use this receiver address to send your ADA from the wallet you are sending it from. Transfers are quick and you should see your ADA in less than a minute. Once the ADA has been transferred you will be able to view it in your dashboard.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/370516395/dea6490176985e054424e799/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>You are now ready to Stake!</p><h2 id="delegate-to-validators"><br><strong>Delegate to Validators</strong></h2><p>1. Select "Delegation List"</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/370517334/62c80d0335f61d5be8f70792/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>2. Here you will find a list of validators to chose from. To find P2P Validator list of addresses input "P2P" in the text input field. Click on "Delegate" to select the pool you wish to stake with.<br></p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/370519473/e30669f2b018d1b1aa323b57/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>3. The total amount of ADA in your account will be staked (your ADA are never locked and can be transferred out of your wallet at anytime). Simply type in your spending password and select "Delegate" to confirm the transaction.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/370520334/00d1f50b44588b1602204ac1/Screenshot+2021-08-02+at+12.53.26.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>4. You will then receive a confirmation of your delegation transaction.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/370521518/63679cfbc14a92ac84541369/Screenshot+2021-08-02+at+12.55.59.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>Thats it, now you can enjoy holding your ADA with the additional benefit of compounding them!</p><h3 id="about-p2p-validator"><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, more than 1.5 billion USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Kava Kava 10 Upgrade Launch

<p>Kava is an open sourced, cross-chain, decentralised lending platform that runs on the Cosmos blockchain. The Cosmos ecosystem, referred to as the internet of blockchains, is a decentralised network of scalable and interoperable blockchains each with an independent governance structure. Interoperability is achieved through inter blockchain communications protocol (IBC) and is the key to simplify the access and interaction of a wide range of blockchain-enabled products and services. The ecosystem has and is still growing at a remarkable rate - attracting an impressive amount of attention in the crypto space. However, it still has some distance to cover in order to catch up with Ethereum in terms of attracting developers and the amount of applications it supports.<br><br>The Kava 10 upgrade brings a unique co-chain architecture that combines Ethereum and Cosmos into a single, scalable network.<br><br>Ethereum is massive. It is the 2nd blockchain in terms of market cap and has arguably the largest user and developer community and the most applications of all networks, but such popularity has also led to congestion. The resulting high transaction fees became an issue that could stall the growth of the ecosystem leading to the rise of layer 2 solutions to solve these inherent scalability issues. Ethereum also certainly loses the comparison with the Cosmos ecosystem in terms of interoperability, requiring cross-chain bridges to achieve this feature. Nevertheless, the utility of <a href="https://ethereum.org/en/developers/docs/evm/">EVM smart contracts</a> and a vast and established community of Solidity developers bring great value to Ethereum.<br><br>Kava 10 brings together the best of both worlds (representing a combined market cap of 300B USD and a large user base), serving as a IBC-compatible EVM-based chain where users will now have all the desired utility and features of Ethereum while benefiting from the fast finality and high-throughput of Tendermint PoS implementation. What's more, Cosmos and Ethereum users will soon be able to transfer this value amongst and between both ecosystems using IBC and emerging bridge projects.<br><br>This is provided by the new co-chain architecture of Kava 10. The existing Kava chain was transformed into the Cosmos co-chain, while a new Ethereum co-chain was introduced. They are linked by a translator module and are secured by a common Tendermint consensus engine. Such architecture enables users to work seamlessly with both environments at the same time.  </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/9fabfef84btmAYt-3-J__yFhFcWroWs9V-4uZB-JE33jHiT6KstcIM2RYBujXB6oB853MjqtE9b-JhYLQjFvk0PvEs7v3a_xkV1Jqbwfmzx1BB3JTx5HHZsCS4jZNvfzVg40-4TL0xsKZlt_3Q" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><h3 id="what-features-does-kava-10-bring"><strong>What features does KAVA 10 bring?</strong></h3><p>The ability to use Ethereum Dapps on alternative blockchains is on the rise. Moonbeam, Evmos, and others have already created their EVM to take advantage of the opportunity. Now comes Kava. <br><br>With the Kava 10 launch, the opportunities for both developers and users have just expanded massively. The main feature allows users to wrap and unwrap $KAVA as an ERC-20 token on metamask, making it usable across multiple apps on the ETH ecosystem. This is a huge step in bridging the Cosmos and Ethereum ecosystems together. Kava 10 turns on the Kava Network’s Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), which brings a big boost to DeFi protocols through access to various Automated Market Maker (AMM) smart contracts, oracles, subgraph indexing powered by The Graph and more.<br><br>With the launch of the Ethereum Bridge, projected to be released in Q4 2022 users and developers will be able to wrap IBC assets as ERC-20 tokens on the Ethereum chain while Ethereum and ERC-20 tokens can be wrapped on the Cosmos chain to be used across both DeFi ecosystems. This expands the opportunities and amount of incentives that can be provided which benefits both users and the protocols.<br><br>This upgrade comes in the wake of the Kava Pioneer Program, which has recently concluded with the goal of developing the Kava ecosystem, rewarding both projects and developers that contributed to it. With KAVA now available on the Ethereum network, the goal is to make KAVA adoption more mainstream. The Pioneer program is now followed by Kava Rise - a $750M developers rewards program. It is funded by 80% out of a 100% inflation which has been turned on for a year’s period in March 2022 - a great sign of the project’s commitment to support growth and development based on the new co-chain architecture. Coupled with the launch of the Ethereum bridge later this year, the growth instigated by the Pioneer &amp; Rise programs is expected to continue for the Kava ecosystem.</p><h3 id="conclusion"><strong>Conclusion </strong></h3><p>What Ethereum lacks Cosmos delivers. With Kava 10, developers can easily build on a network where its users will not suffer from high fees and slow throughput. In the end, this upgrade is a step forward towards a multi-chain future where multiple networks can coexist and benefit each other serving various needs.<br></p><h3 id="kava-special-offerfree-staking-for-3-months"><strong>KAVA special offer - free staking for 3 months!</strong></h3><p>To celebrate the Kava 10 launch we have decided to create a special offer for<a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%24KAVA&amp;src=cashtag_click"> KAVA</a> holders! Stake 50 000+ KAVA to receive 100% cashback on our commission for three months as well as individual client support with custom reporting! To get started - fill in our <a href="https://p2p.org/networks/kava">special form</a> or get in touch with our business development manager on <a href="https://t.me/shmemand">Telegram directly</a>. We will provide you with everything you need to get started!<br><br><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, more than 2.9 billion USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 25+ networks.<br></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Solana Lido on Solana: Validator's Set Vision

<p>Lido applies the same mission to all blockchains they participate in - to make staking simple, secure, and decentralized.  Each of the networks has its own specifics when it comes to "what a good validator set means”.</p><p>We propose a new way of developing the Lido validator's set on Solana and in our opinion, a sustainable and solid set should follow 3 principles:</p><p><strong>1. Validator set should be decentralized</strong></p><p>According to <a href="https://solanabeach.io/validators">Solana Beach</a>, there are currently 1,788 validators on Solana, giving the network a Nakamoto Coefficient of 25. This means that the top 25 validators control enough staked Solana to collude and attack the network. The<a href="https://spl.solana.com/stake-pool"> staking pool program</a> emerged with the goal to redistribute the stakes more evenly across the network. In our view, to create a decentralized set, we must adhere to the following rules:</p><ul><li>Increase the number of independent entities that create and maintain infrastructure for the network.</li><li>Increase censorship resistance by reducing the concentration of stake in the same data centers and jurisdictions.</li><li>Not distribute stake to the superminority group of validators.</li></ul><p>To make the Lido on Solana validator set more decentralized we plan to:</p><ul><li>Not add validators nodes from the superminority group to the Lido validator set</li><li>Increase the number of distributed nodes in the pool by removing barriers in the form of 100% commission nodes.</li><li>Bring in validators from other ecosystems and non-crypto projects.</li><li>Train new operators to configure and run nodes.</li><li>Assist validators with server configuration and data center location.</li><li>Onboard independent validators into the Solana cluster and Lido pool</li></ul><p><strong>2.</strong> <strong><strong>The set must be attractive for validators</strong></strong></p><p>To ensure a highly available and secure staking infrastructure, it is critical to consider the long-term sustainability of the operator and the ability to fund new equipment. Operators are responsible for managing risks, maintaining their node, ensuring the highest uptime possible, troubleshooting errors. To make the set more attractive to validators, we must adhere to the following rules:</p><ul><li>Operators must earn well enough to build a profitable, reliable staking business.</li><li>Validator nodes must be able to participate in subsidy programs (ex. SFDP)</li><li>Operators should receive marketing support to attract stakes.</li></ul><p>To make the Lido on Solana validator set more attractive to validators, we will do the following:</p><ul><li>Change the <a href="https://github.com/ChorusOne/solido">smart contract</a> by removing 100% of nodes and adding the ability to use a public node in a cluster to participate in the Lido program</li><li>Create a P&amp;L tool to calculate validator yield and share it with the community.</li><li>Provide marketing support to validators in Lido’s set to increase the stake on their public node and help to build a profitable staking business.</li></ul><p><strong>3. <strong>The validator set has to bring value to the network</strong></strong></p><p>Validator performance metrics are, in our opinion, one of the most important criteria for developing the Solana ecosystem. The faster, cheaper, and more sustainable the network, the easier it is to attract investments, partners, and NFT/DeFi/P2E project developers, leading to the development of a sustainable community and product ecosystem.  For DeFi users, speed of transactions is important; for oracles, the ability to quickly provide more detailed data on a large number of quotes; for developers, a better user experience; for stakers, greater rewards on average and higher SOL price growth potential<strong>.</strong></p><p>To make the set more productive and sustainable the following rules should be adhered to:</p><ul><li>Operators must understand the value of metrics and be able to compare their performance with the best on the network</li><li>Operators must be notified about software updates</li><li>Operators must understand how to update without downtime</li></ul><p>To make the Lido on Solana validator set more stable and productive, we will do the following:</p><ul><li>Publish our vision of "good validator" performance metrics</li><li>Make a public dashboard displaying validator metrics</li><li>Make a system of alerts for problems with validator performance in the pool</li><li>Conduct education and share best practices for validator management in Solana</li></ul><h2 id="conclusion">Conclusion</h2><p>There are ~384.5M SOL staked on the Solana network, of which only ~9.7M SOL is distributed among various staking pools. P2P has partnered with Lido and stSOL since their launch as a validator and has been involved in the development of TVL in collaboration with Lido through incentives, integrations, and more. We see great potential for the development of liquid staking, which will increase economic activity and the speed of the economy in a decentralized network.  </p><p>Three key principles will form the basis of our new strategy:</p><ul><li>Truly decentralize the validator network by simplifying entry and adding validators from other ecosystems.</li><li>Make the network economically attractive for validators by dropping 100% nodes and marketing support from Lido</li><li>Ensure that the validator set works better for the network to ensure transactions are passed and various applications are running on the network. </li></ul><p>If you have ideas or suggestions for achieving our principles, we are always open to community feedback and consider it very important.</p><p>Join the new validator set! Together we will make Solana even more decentralized and sustainable!</p><p><br></p><p><br></p>

Pavel Pavlov

from p2p validator

P2P's Stance on Terra Current State of Affairs

<p>At P2P Validator we have been closely following the current situation with Terra. By now everyone has had an opportunity to bring forward a solution and an <a href="https://agora.terra.money/t/terra-ecosystem-revival-plan-2-updated-and-final/18498">important proposal</a> has just been put up for onchain voting. We would like to express our position concerning the current state of things and ways to move forward.</p><p>In our governance decisions, we aim to maximize value for the community, represented by the following three groups:</p><ul><li>LUNA and UST holders from before the depeg event. This is the core community of the Terra ecosystem, including some long-time holders. We can assume that most of them had some degree of involvement, not just a short-term speculative interest. This is also the group which has suffered most from the fast crash of their investments. That is why we believe that any course of action should first prioritise the interests of these people. Inside this group, UST holders should be prioritised higher than LUNA holders, because the former invested on a promise of a low-risk, stable asset, while the latter worked with a naturally volatile asset - thus the difference in approach.</li><li>Protocol teams and validators. These are the key stakeholders for building value for the ecosystem, who have invested time and money to facilitate Terra’s growth. In addition to being harmed by the current situation, these are the only actors who can rebuild the ecosystem, thus creating new value, which can be used to repay other community members who suffered from the depeg. That is why we have to keep their interests in mind, as a second-level priority.</li><li>Post depeg holders of LUNA and UST. We should give a lower priority to their interests. These holders joined in on an extremely volatile asset, taking a risk to gain high rewards. The community is not responsible for providing them with an artificial safety net.<br></li></ul><p>And there is also TFL - a major stakeholder, whose actions during the crisis are questionable, with some legal action expected against them soon. We don’t believe that any plan should focus on protecting TFL as they should have been fully aware of the risks they were taking.</p><p>To sum up, old holders &gt; protocol teams &amp; validators &gt; new holders &gt;&gt; TFL.</p><p>Our options are currently few - we can either find a way to compensate the victims with existing funds (presumably from TFL/LFG) and stop the chain OR try to build new value to do that while also saving the ecosystem (presumably in the form of a new chain). The former option relies on the good will of TFL who are committed to option 2. There is just no valuable asset left in Terra to do that, so it seems like the only option we have is to build. The building option can follow three general paths:</p><ol><li>New chain under TFL’s leadership (i.e. <a href="https://agora.terra.money/t/terra-ecosystem-revival-plan-2-updated-and-final/18498">proposal 1623</a>) - we can save the ecosystem and the community, try to bring new value, albeit with a dubious leader ahead of the process, who, however, has been the only one capable of decisive actions on the ecosystem level since May 8. We will only be supportive of this proposal if we see a clear indication that TFL and LFG are excluded from the token distribution, TFL has a compelling vision for the new project, and TFL is not perceived as toxic by the community. We can not vote YES for such a proposal at the moment.The issues are: only one address excluded for TFL and none for LFG, no clear vision for the new chain, general disbelief from the community. However, we would support introducing an incentive program for TFL (e.g. tiered unlock of funds tied to the new chain’s market cap) if the aforementioned issues are solved - otherwise there is no reason for them to lead and participate if all their accounts are excluded at genesis.</li><li>New chain without TFL. Same as above, but the progress is to be driven by the community (most likely protocol teams + validators). This is a fresh start, but the success without a leadership structure in such turbulent conditions is questionable. We will be happy to support the proposals that follow this path if we see a new leadership team among the community members who can drive this endeavour.</li><li>Move projects to other chains and restart there. These might be a good option for some specific teams, but it leaves the victims of depeg alone.w</li></ol><p>P.S. Separately, there is an alternative path explored by the ‘Burn LUNA’ <a href="https://station.terra.money/proposal/1273">proposal</a>. This one in particular lacks sufficient detail to be accepted in such form. Specifically, it does not describe any clear benefits for the stakeholders, and the implementation plan is ambiguous. Nevertheless, we will conduct additional research to see if this line of thinking could be promising for the UST / LUNA holders.</p><hr><p><strong><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></strong></p><p><em><em><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong>more than </strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong>2.9<strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong> billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 2</strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong>5<strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong>,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></em></em></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Evmos Evmos Claiming & Staking Guide on Keplr Wallet

<p>We are all very excited about the Rektdrop that initially took place on the 2nd of March 2022. It is now possible to claim EVMOS tokens on your Keplr Wallet!</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-grey"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><strong><em><u>Prerequisites</u></em></strong><br>Before we proceed you will need to have the following: <br>1. A Keplr account<br>2. A Metamask account<br>3. A small amount of OSMO in your Keplr wallet.</div></div><p>  </p><h2 id="connecting-your-metamask-to-evmos-network"><strong>Connecting your Metamask to Evmos network</strong></h2><p>  <br>To claim your tokens on Keplr, you will need to import your Keplr account to your Metamask.  To do so, you will need your Metamask account to be connected to the Evmos network. Head to the <a href="https://chainlist.org/">Chainlist website</a>, type in Evmos and select "Connect Wallet" . </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-12.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="987" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-12.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/05/image-12.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/05/image-12.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/05/image-12.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Metamask will pop-up and ask you for a Signature Request which you need to sign to proceed. Next, approve the next pop-up that asks permission to add the Evmos network. A final request to switch the network to Evmos needs to be approved. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-23.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="1219" height="700" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-23.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/05/image-23.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-23.png 1219w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>You are now ready to claim your Evmos!<br>   <br> </p><h2 id="claiming-your-evmos-on-keplr-wallet"><strong>Claiming your Evmos on Keplr Wallet!</strong></h2><p>  <br>1. First go to the <a href="https://app.evmos.org/mission-control">official EVMOS dashboard</a> and connect your Keplr wallet in the top right hand corner. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-9.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="132" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-9.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/05/image-9.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/05/image-9.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/05/image-9.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>2. Here you will be able to verify your eligibility to receive EVMOS from the Rektdrop. If you see a positive number under "Total Tokens Claimable" you are good to go. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="956" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/05/image.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/05/image.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/05/image.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>3. If you are eligible select the Import button. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-10.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="956" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-10.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/05/image-10.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/05/image-10.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/05/image-10.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>4. Make sure that your Metamask is correctly connected to Evmos. You can check that you are connected to the Evmos network at the top of your metamask wallet extension. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-27.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="706" height="140" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-27.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-27.png 706w"></figure><p>After selecting "IMPORT" a pop-up will appear. <br><br>5. Again before you proceed, make sure that you have a small amount of OSMO (&lt;1) to execute the transaction. When you are ready select Import at the bottom of the pop-up. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-15.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="880" height="546" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-15.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-15.png 880w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>6. You will be prompted to Keplr to approve the IBC transfer. Select approve. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-17.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="348" height="122"></figure><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-grey"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text">You will now have to wait approximately 15 minutes for the import to execute. Only do it once and be patient.&nbsp;</div></div><p>7. Once executed, you can disconnect your Keplr Wallet from the Dashboard and connect your Metamask account. Next select the claim button. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-19.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="874" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-19.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/05/image-19.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/05/image-19.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/05/image-19.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>8. You will be redirected to a series of tasks to perform. Each time you perform a task you will receive 25% of the claimable EVMOS. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-20.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="1161" height="444" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-20.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/05/image-20.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-20.png 1161w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>As you already executed a IBC Transfer (mission 3), you should already have claimed some of your EVMOS. </p><h3 id="mission-1-vote-on-a-governance-proposal"><em>Mission 1: Vote on a governance proposal. </em></h3><p>Its pretty straight forward,  first select "Vote" and it will redirect you to the governance page. Select a proposal and confirm your vote. </p><h3 id="mission-2-staking-your-evmos"><em>Mission 2: Staking your Evmos. </em></h3><p>1. Go to the official Evmos UI <a href="https://app.evmos.org/mission-control">here</a>. Once there, make sure that your Metamask wallet is connected. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-69.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="371" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-69.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-69.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-69.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/04/image-69.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>2. Go the staking page: <a href="https://app.evmos.org/staking">https://app.evmos.org/staking</a></p><p>3. Next, select "View Validators"</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-74.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="920" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-74.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-74.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-74.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/04/image-74.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>4. Find the Validator of your choice and select "Manage".</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-75.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="116" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-75.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-75.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-75.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-75.png 2224w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>5. A pop up will appear with a small description of your validator. To continue select "Delegate". </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-76.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="852" height="652" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-76.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-76.png 852w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>6. Enter the amount you wish to stake and select "Delegate". </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-79.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="856" height="873" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-79.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-79.png 856w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>7. A pop up from Metamask will appear asking you to confirm the transaction. Select "Sign" to do so. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-21.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="365" height="134"></figure><p>8. Thats it! You can verify your staking balance on the staking page as indicated in the image below. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-83.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="305" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-83.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-83.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-83.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/04/image-83.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>You can unstake your EVMOS at anytime. The cooling down period is 14 days, after that your tokens will be transferable!</p><h3 id="mission-3-execute-an-ibc-transfer"><em>Mission 3: Execute an IBC Transfer</em></h3><p>You will have already accomplished this task when you imported your Keplr Wallet to Metamask. </p><h3 id="mission-4-use-the-evm"><em>Mission 4: Use the EVM</em></h3><p>To complete this mission, you need to interact with a dApp on Evmos. Go back to the <a href="https://app.evmos.org/mission-control">Missions Control page</a> on the dashboard, and scroll down until you see "APPS ON EVMOS". You can execute a transaction or interact with a smart contract in any of those apps to receive your remaining EVMOS. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-22.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="804" height="560" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-22.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-22.png 804w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>A simple way to complete this mission is to use <a href="https://diffusion.fi/">Diffusion Finance</a> and perform a small swap transaction. </p><p>Thats it, you should now have received all your Evmos tokens!</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-grey"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><strong>Now repeat the steps in the "<em>Mission 2: Staking your Evmos" </em>and stake the rest of your EVMOS is you want to benefit from compounding your EVMOS.</strong></div></div><p>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</p><hr><p><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></p><p><em><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong>more than </strong></strong></strong></strong>2.9<strong><strong><strong><strong> billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 2</strong></strong></strong></strong>5<strong><strong><strong><strong>,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></em></p><p><em>Want to stake EVMOS with us? Visit <a href="https://p2p.org/evmos">https://p2p.org/evmos</a> to find out more about Evmos staking.</em></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Evmos, Cosmos Evmos Relaunch Frequently Asked Questions

<p>We love to see the excitement surrounding the EVMOS relaunch! We want to make sure that all participants are clear of any doubts during this event so we have gone through the forums and community channels and collected the most commonly asked questions and answered them below. <br><br>Before we begin, here is the Evmos relaunch rollout plan (estimated timeline): </p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-grey"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><strong>Phase 1 (day 1): </strong><br>✅ Evmos enabled <br>❌ Airdrop disabled<br>❌ Staking rewards disabled <br>❌ IBC transactions (e.g. to/from Cosmos and Osmosis) disabled <br><br><strong>Phase 2 (day 3-4): </strong><br>✅ Evmos enabled<br>✅ Airdrop enabled<br>❌ Staking rewards disabled <br>❌ IBC transactions (e.g. to/from Cosmos and Osmosis) disabled<br><br><strong>Phase 3 (at minimum 5-6 days after relaunch)</strong><br>✅ Evmos enabled<br>✅ Airdrop enabled<br>✅ Staking rewards enabled<br>✅ IBC transactions (e.g. to/from Cosmos and Osmosis) enabled</div></div><h2 id="faq"><strong><u>FAQ</u></strong><br></h2><p><strong>Q: When will mainnet be relaunched?</strong></p><p>A: Mainnet will restart on the 27 April 2022, and will continue off at block 58700.</p><p><strong>Q: If I claimed and/or staked before mainnet failure do I have to do it again?</strong></p><p>A: No you will not have to. The chain will continue as it was one block before the mainnet failure.</p><p><strong>Q: What about the remaining 25% to claim?</strong></p><p>A: You will be able to claim the remaining 25% once IBC transactions are enabled in PHASE 3, at minimum 5-6 days after relaunch.</p><p><strong>Q: When will claiming and staking features be enabled?</strong></p><p>A: Staking will be enabled at the same time as relaunch, on the 27th of April. Note that staking rewards will be enabled in Phase 3, at minimum 5-6 days after relaunch. Claiming the airdrop will not be live until Phase 2 (3-4 days after the relaunch). </p><p><strong>Q: When will staking rewards be enabled?</strong></p><p>A: In the spirit of fairness, rewards will be disabled until Phase 3, at minimum 5-6 days after relaunch to give everyone a fair chance to claim.</p><p><strong>Q: Who is eligible to claim?</strong></p><p>A: If you staked <strong>OSMO</strong>, or <strong>ATOM</strong>, or paid gas on top dApps on <strong>Etherium </strong>before Nov 26th 2021, you are likely to be eligible for Evmos airdrop. You can find more information on eligibility in the following article under “<a href="https://evmos.blog/the-evmos-rektdrop-abbe931ba823">Rektdrop Eligibility</a>”. </p><p><strong>Q: What wallets can be used to claim and stake my EVMOS?</strong></p><p>A: Currently only Metamask. To claim on Keplr we hav to wait for IBC transfers to be enabled. Ledger connections will work very soon too. Staking rewards are disabled until everyone has a fair chance to claim. </p><p><strong>Q: Where and how do I claim my tokens?</strong></p><p>A: An updated guide will be provided shortly after relaunch.</p><p><strong>Q: How long do I have to claim my EVMOS tokens?</strong></p><p>A: There is no timeline yet.</p><p><strong>Q: What happened during the mainnet failure?</strong></p><p>A: The Evmos team found a critical security vulnerability that required a quick upgrade. This upgrade was ill-tested and caused several double-signing errors requiring the chain to be halted to solve the issue.</p><p><strong>Q: Can I buy Evmos?</strong></p><p>A: There currently is no exchange to purchase EVMOS, however it is estimated that a Evmos DEXs will be set shortly after mainnet. Later we may also see exchange services provided by Osmosis zone, Diffusion Finance, Cronus Finance, Exswap, Evmoswap... Look out for the one with the most liquidity. One of them will probably win the race and become the dominant DEX</p><p><strong>Q: Can I transfer my Evmos?</strong></p><p>A: Yes, once the chain is relaunched transfers will work within Evmos. IBCs will be enabled soon after the relaunch.</p><p><strong>Q: What dapps are built on Evmos?</strong></p><p>A: You can find a list of dapps coming to Evmos <a href="https://github.com/tharsis/awesome">here</a>.</p><p><strong>Q: What is Diffusion?</strong></p><p>A: <a href="https://chaindebrief.com/all-you-need-to-know-about-diffusion-finance/">Diffusion Finance</a> is a Uniswap V2 fork, one of the first AMMs for Evmos — an EVM that leverages the Cosmos SDK enabling use cases around composability, interoperability and fast finality.</p><p><strong>Q: How to access to Testnet?</strong></p><p>A: Tech doc to set up the node: <a href="https://evmos.dev/testnet/join.html">https://evmos.dev/testnet/join.html</a>. Instructions to get some tokens:  <a href="https://evmos.dev/testnet/faucet.html">https://evmos.dev/testnet/faucet.html</a></p><p><strong>Q: Where can I find Evmos official announcements?</strong></p><p>A: You can follow Evmos Official announcements on their <a href="https://twitter.com/EvmosOrg">Twitter</a>, <a href="https://t.me/EvmosAnnouncements">Telegram</a>, or <a href="https://discord.com/invite/spqPzhHT">Discord</a>. </p><hr><h3 id="about-p2p-validator">About P2P Validator</h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong><strong><strong><strong>more than </strong></strong>2.9<strong><strong> billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 2</strong></strong>5<strong><strong>,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong></strong></strong></strong></p><p>Want to stake EVMOS with us? Visit <a href="https://p2p.org/evmos">https://p2p.org/evmos</a> to find out more about Evmos staking.</p><p>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

NuCypher, Threshold Threshold Staking Guide

<p>The <a href="https://www.nucypher.com/">NuCypher Network</a> has merged with the <a href="https://keep.network/">KEEP Network</a> to form the <a href="https://threshold.network/">Threshold Network</a>. We have checked the <a href="https://docs.nucypher.com/en/latest/">official instructions</a> and summarised all the steps required to stake T in this short guide.</p><p>If you have an existing NU/KEEP stake, you can withdraw it and then upgrade tokens to T and stake. However if you are subject to a vesting agreement, your unvested stake will not be immediately withdrawable, but you can still stake it in Threshold. You will find instructions in the second part of this guide.</p><h3 id="how-to-stake-t-when-you-have-liquid-tokens-nu-or-keep"><strong>How to stake T when you have liquid tokens (NU or KEEP)</strong></h3><p>1. If you have staked NU or KEEP you need to withdraw the tokens first. You can do it on <a href="https://stake.nucypher.network/manage/withdraw">NU dashboard</a> or <a href="https://dashboard.keep.network/overview">KEEP dashboard</a>. Just follow the link, connect your wallet and click the withdraw button.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="1256" height="584" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image.png 1256w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>2. Upgrade your NU/KEEP tokens to T via the <a href="https://dashboard.threshold.network/upgrade.)">Threshold Network Dashboard</a>. Connect your wallet and click “upgrade token”. It will ask you to enter an amount of NU/KEEP and convert it to T.</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-purple"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><em>Notice that the vending machine contract uses a static conversion ratio and remains available indefinitely, so please be safe, take your time, and confirm everything!</em></div></div><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/1.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="595" height="608"></figure><p>3. Stake your T-tokens using the <a href="https://dashboard.threshold.network/staking">Threshold Dashboard</a>. Click the stake button. You will see a pop-up with staking process details. Just fill in the check-box that you read the requirements, choose an amount of T for staking, and confirm the transaction.</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-purple"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><em>The minimum stake amount is 40,001 T. The UI won't stop you if you try to stake less than 40,001 T. However, your staking tx will fail and you will have wasted the gas fee. Be careful.</em></div></div><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/3.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="536" height="651"></figure><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/2.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="530" height="731"></figure><p>4. The last step to start getting rewards  - bond your stake with a PRE node operator address.</p><p>If you have more then 3,000,000 T you may rent a ready-to-use node from P2P. Contact us via <strong>[email protected]</strong> or telegram <strong>@ztonnis</strong>. We will prepare and send your personal node address. After that, you should <a href="https://stake.nucypher.network/manage/bond">bond this node with your stake</a>. Just connect your wallet, copy-past the received node address and click “Bond Operator”. </p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-purple"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><em>What does it mean to rent a node? Our dedicated DevOps team will do all the technical work for you. A nominated account manager will help with all your questions about the Threshold network. </em><br><br><em>We guaranty fast and quality 24/7 support. Our team has close connections with the Threshold team and deep technical expertise. We invested our own funds in the project in 2017 and intend to support the network in the long term.</em></div></div><ul><li>Minimum stake is 3,000,000 T</li><li>P2P fee is 8% + $400/month/node</li></ul><p>To run the node we pay for robust infrastructure and a professional DevOps team. If you want to stake less than 3,000,000 T, it will be unprofitable for you to rent a node due to the fee. We want to keep an honest low fee for our clients and therefore set this minimum stake. However, you can still join your stake with somebody or <a href="https://docs.nucypher.com/en/latest/pre_application/running_a_node.html#running-a-node">run the node</a> by yourself (if you have the technical knowledge and a free server).</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-56.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="1123" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-56.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-56.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-56.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-56.png 2000w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>That’s all. You will receive rewards denominated in the native T tokens. You can see the statistics and withdraw your rewards on the <a href="https://dashboard.threshold.network/overview/network">Threshold dashboard</a>.</p><h3 id="how-to-stake-t-when-you-have-locked-nu-tokens"><strong>How to stake T when you have locked NU tokens</strong></h3><p>There are only 2 steps, to stake your locked NU tokens:</p><p>1. Stake your NU via <a href="https://stake.nucypher.network/manage/stake">NuCypher dashboard → stake</a>. Note that the staking balance here differs from the number in the previous step. Its UI feature, 40,001 T on the bonding page equals 12,274 NU on the staking page (1 NU = 3.259 T).</p><p>There may be a UI bug on the threshold dashboard showing migrated stakes. You can use <a href="https://stake.nucypher.network/manage">NuCypher dashboard</a> to check it.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-3.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="1286" height="634" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-3.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-3.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-3.png 1286w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>2. Bond your stake with a PRE node operator address as in the last paragraph above via <a href="https://stake.nucypher.network/manage/operator">NuCypher dashboard → manage operators</a>. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-55.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="1123" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-55.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-55.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-55.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-55.png 2000w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><hr><h3 id="about-p2p"><strong><strong><strong>About P2P</strong></strong></strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only top-notch staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong><strong>more than 3 billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 20,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong></strong> We are early NU investors committed to provide long term support for the network.</p><p>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.<br></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Crescent Crescent Liquid Staking Guide!

<p>This tutorial helps you claim, stake and manage CRE tokens using the <a href="https://www.keplr.app/">Keplr Browser Extension</a> together with the <a href="https://crescent.network/">Crescent UI</a>. </p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-grey"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text">Before you start you will need a <a href="https://www.keplr.app/">Keplr Account</a></div></div><p>   </p><h2 id="what-is-crescent-network"><strong>What is Crescent Network? </strong></h2><p>The <a href="https://crescent.network/">Crescent network</a> aims to create innovative DeFi tools through advancements in inter-blockchain technology. If you delegated ATOM before 01-01-2022 00:00:00, you may be eligible to receive their native token CRE!<br>   </p><h2 id="what-is-cre-liquid-staking"><strong>What is CRE Liquid Staking?</strong></h2><p>Liquid staking allows participants to earn staking rewards without the need to lock their assets.</p><p>When liquid staking you will receive bCRE which is the token that represents staked CRE. bCRE lets you earn staking rewards for holding these tokens in your wallet. They are fully liquid, so you can use them for your needs at any time — trade, sell, exchange, invest in DeFi projects, etc.<br><br>When you unstake your bCRE, you will get more CRE than what you originally liquid staked. The extra CRE that you received after unstaking are the rewards that you earned during your time staking. <br>   </p><h2 id="how-to-stake-cre"><strong>How to Stake CRE</strong></h2><ol><li>The first thing you'll want to do is to go to: <a href="https://app.crescent.network/staking">Crescent staking page</a>.</li><li>Once there, connect your Keplr wallet: select "Connect Wallet" in the upper right corner. </li></ol><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-8.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="861" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-8.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-8.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-8.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/04/image-8.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>3. A pop-up will appear to select which wallet you would like to connect. Select Keplr Wallet. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-9.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="760" height="360" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-9.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-9.png 760w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>4. If you have not already logged into your Keplr account, a pop-up will appear to do so. Enter your password to log in. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-29.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="473"></figure><p>5. You will be asked to add Columbus and Cresent blockchain to Keplr. Next you will have to approve the crescent app connection to your Keplr account. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-33.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="518"></figure><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-34.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="513"></figure><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-35.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="515"></figure><p>6. You can view your eligibility to claim CRE through the following website: <a href="https://app.crescent.network/airdrop">https://app.crescent.network/airdrop</a>. <br><br>If eligible, you will have claimed 20% of the CRE you can receive from the airdrop. In the next section "<strong>Claiming the remaining CRE from the Airdrop" </strong>we will show you how to retrieve the rest. <br><br>You should now be able to see your CRE balance on both your Keplr account and the Crescent staking page. On Keplr wallet, select the networks on the top of the extension and your balance will be indicated as shown in the image below.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-43.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="430"></figure><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-19.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="357"></figure><p>7. To start staking, go to the Crescent staking page where your balances should now be shown. Enter the amount to stake in the input field. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-24.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="852" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-24.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-24.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-24.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/04/image-24.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>8. A pop-up will appear to approve the staking request transaction. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-36.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="571"></figure><p>9. You will see a confirmation of your stake being completed in the top right hand corner of the Crescent staking page. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-26.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="713" height="227" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-26.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-26.png 713w"></figure><p>You are now the owner of bCRE! You can view your bCRE balance in your Keplr Wallet. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-37.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="550"></figure><p>Thats it!  You are now successfully staking and will receive your staking rewards upon unstaking. <br>  </p><h2 id="claiming-the-remaining-cre-from-the-airdrop"><strong>Claiming the remaining CRE from the airdrop!</strong></h2><p>1. You will notice that upon liquid staking the first time, you will receive an additional 20% CRE from the airdrop.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-44.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="1210" height="988" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-44.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-44.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-44.png 1210w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>2. To receive the next 20%, go to Crescent's <a href="https://app.crescent.network/swap">swap page</a>. Select which tokens you wish to swap, and make a transaction of any size. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-54.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="444" height="505"></figure><p>Approve the transaction. When completed, you will receive another 20% from the airdrop. </p><p>3. Next go to <a href="https://app.crescent.network/farm">Crescent's farm page</a>. Select a pool that you wish to add liquidity with. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-51.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="956" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-51.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-51.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-51.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/04/image-51.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Select any amount you wish to deposit into the pool. You must hold both tokens.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-53.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="419" height="500"></figure><p>Approve the transaction. When completed, you will receive another 20% from the airdrop. </p><p>4. The last 20% can be claimed by participating in a governance proposal vote. When a proposal is submitted, go to Crescent's <a href="https://app.crescent.network/gov">governance page</a> and place your vote. You will then receive the last CRE from the Airdrop. </p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-grey"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text">Once you have claimed your CRE, you can then repeat the process of liquid staking the additional CRE that you just received.&nbsp;</div></div><p>   <br>You can find more information on <a href="https://docs.crescent.network/introduction/liquid-staking">Crescent official docs page</a>. <br><br>Thank you for your interest in the Crescent network!</p><hr><h3 id="about-p2p"><strong><strong><strong><em>About P2P</em></strong></strong></strong></h3><p><em><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only top-notch staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong><strong>more than 3 billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 20,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong></strong> We are early Web3Auth investors committed to provide long term support for the network.</em></p><p><em>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</em></p><p></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Lido, Solana P2P to Run Lido on Solana

<p><br>On April 11, P2P took ownership of Lido on Solana becoming the new team in charge of its growth and development, with the goal to build-out the project in alignment with Lido’s, Solana’s and P2P’s values. <br><br>Liquid Solana Staking was launched on Lido in September 2021 with the collaboration of Chorus One as an initiative to grow the presence of Lido across staking networks. Thanks to the members involved, the project has reached 3,000,000+ SOL staked and achieved numerous stSOL integrations. P2P has been involved since the beginning of the year, participating in boosting TVL in collaboration with Lido through their incentivization program, Liquidity Providers launches and Protocols integrations.</p><p>Due to some organisational changes at Chorus One, a <a href="https://research.lido.fi/t/lido-on-solana-proposed-transition-from-chorus-one-to-p2p/1887">proposal was passed</a> to transfer the ownership of Lido on Solana to P2P. <br><br>“We are incredibly grateful to Chorus One for all their hard work on the development and initial launch of the project, they have laid a solid foundation for us to grow its success and presence within the flourishing Solana ecosystem.” - <strong><em>Vasiliy Shapovalov, CTO at P2P</em></strong><br><br>The exact terms and timelines of the transition to P2P can be found here: <a href="https://research.lido.fi/t/lido-on-solana-proposed-transition-from-chorus-one-to-p2p/1887">Lido on Solana - Proposed Transition from Chorus One to P2P.</a><br><br>Lots of work still needs to be done. Solana was among the networks with the highest growth in 2021 (going up to 6th in market cap) and the requirements and standards of the community are high.<br><br><em>“P2P Team has outstanding staking expertise in Solana. We will do our best to make Lido on Solana highly valuable for the ecosystem by improving validator conditions and standards, driving the DeFi ecosystem and increasing new users growth” </em><br>- <em><strong>Nikolai Abeliashev, Product Manager for Lido on Solana </strong></em><br><br>P2P Validator  have cemented themselves as one of the pillars of the staking community, working closely with each network to achieve maximum growth.<br></p><h2 id="plan-to-be-executed"><strong>Plan to be executed</strong></h2><p><br>As an initiative to improve Solana’s network performance &amp; security, and to empower the community, P2P plans to focus on improving Solana Network decentralisation by bringing new node operators and increasing the number of validators part of the Supermajority (a large group of validators that together control 66.66% of the total stake) into Solana on Lido’s set. The decision to add new node operators will be based on validator historic performance (parameters to be annotated soon), ecosystem participation and general validating experience purchased. Through educational programs and clear performance metrics, P2P will ensure a high standard of operations that will be available on a public dashboard with open validator performance data. Lastly, by providing clear commission instructions and by balancing the number of validators and stakes in the pool, P2P plans to fairly distribute the profitability for validators. <br><br>Further, with $300+ million in staked SOL, Lido on Solana can expand its presence within the <a href="https://solana.lido.fi/defi">Solana Defi Community</a> further through unique integrations with value-adding protocols, wallets and dapps, incentivisation programs and community initiatives.</p><p>A dedicated team has been set up to carry out the above plan and ensure what was promised, is delivered.<br><br>With Lido on Solana under new ownership, exciting times are ahead for the project.  Quality &amp; performance improvements, transparency of validation, boosting DeFi economics, and of course attracting more users are all in this year's goals.</p><h2 id="what-is-sol-liquid-staking"><br><strong>What is SOL liquid staking?</strong></h2><p><br>Liquid staking allows participants to earn staking rewards without the need to lock their assets or the need to maintain the infrastructure required.</p><p>stSOl is Lido’s liquid staking token for Solana. With it users can earn staking rewards while being able to participate in DeFi protocols at the same time. stSOL can also be exchanged at any time for SOL to let users instantly unstake their tokens without the need to wait for the cooldown. Unstaking directly from Lido is still possible but you are subject to the 3 day cooldown before you get access to your tokens.</p><p>stSOL is a wrapped token, this means that when staking with LIDO your staking rewards accrue to the wrapper and the value of stSOL increases over time. The current exchange rate of stSOL - SOl can be found in the <a href="https://solana.lido.fi/">staking page</a> at all times.</p><p>stSOL can be used in a variety of expanding DeFI protocols across the Solana ecosystem. A list of guides for different protocols can be found <a href="https://help.lido.fi/en/collections/3275637-liquid-staking-on-solana">here</a>. With liquid staking you can earn additional income on your tokens, while still earning staking rewards. For example, you can provide liquidity on a stSOL - SOL trading pair to earn fees from the pool on top of the staking rewards. Lido on Solana are looking to expand the number of protocols and use cases for stSOL so keep an eye out for new developments on their social media channels.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://lido.fi/solana" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Get started by visiting Lido on Solana! </a></div><p></p><h2 id="about-p2p-validator"><strong>About P2P Validator </strong></h2><p><br>P2P Validator began in 2018 with a mission to positively influence the development of POS technologies. Since our launch we have developed to become one of the largest staking service providers with more than 25,000 investors across 25+ different networks. We work closely with each network we support to push the developments of each project to new limits. We are firm believers in the value of decentralisation and participate in active governance across all supported networks to ensure the interests of the community are supported. We were honoured to be chosen as one of the validators for networks like Solana, Cosmos and Polkadot since the genesis block, a feat that shows the vote of confidence on P2P's ability to keep networks secure.</p><p>Beginning as seed investors and validating from the genesis block, we have shown tremendous support to the Solana ecosystem since day one and are now trusted with over $400m under management. Our proficiency is shown not only by our excellent validating track record &amp; our published research papers written on network performance (<a href="https://www.stakingrewards.com/journal/solana-validators-performance-research-report-part-1-downtime-analysis/">Downtime</a>, <a href="https://www.stakingrewards.com/journal/solana-validators-performance-research-report-part-2-skip-rate-analysis/">Skip Rate</a>, more to come) to improve the network health and development, but also by our involvement across projects including <a href="https://portalbridge.com/#/transfer">Wormhole Bridge,</a> <a href="https://pyth.network/">Pyth</a>, and <a href="https://neon-labs.org/">Neon EVM</a> to help build Solana’s network infrastructure.</p><hr><p>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.<br><br><br><br><br></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Auth P2P Joins Auth Network as an Early Guardian

<p>Lost seed phrases and private keys led to<a href="https://interestingengineering.com/140-billion-in-bitcoin-is-lost-due-to-forgotten-passwords"> the loss of more than hundred billions worth of digital assets</a>. Complexity of access elements and key management implies a tangible entry barrier for non-technical users who want to explore crypto ecosystems. Auth Network (prev. Torus Network) is a decentralized key management protocol that helps facilitate seamless access to a variety of services offering an elegant solution to those problems without sacrificing security.</p><p>Private keys get split to multiple pieces and in order to access a desired service a person needs to have any two of them. The first share is stored on the user’s device and the second share is managed by the social log-in provider which is further split among a crucial network of node operators. The third share is decided by the user for added security. <strong>This approach provides a remarkable level of security and simplifies key recovery.</strong></p><p>Open and accessible network allows to achieve a higher level of sovereignty over the keys making it possible to use ordinary Web2 flow to access Web3 services. Web3Auth’s pluggable SDKs can be integrated with any Web3 Application or Wallet in just under a few minutes and the users can enjoy an intuitive, seamless and non-custodial onboarding experience.</p><p><em>P2P is thrilled to join as the Auth Network Guardian to ensure secure key management within the system. The solution is fully in line with our mission of making interactions with crypto simple and secure.</em></p><p>Our team has deep expertise in operating highly-available infrastructure. We use best security practices, custom monitoring and alerting systems to ensure high efficiency of our nodes. P2P provides 24/7 technical support, transparent reward reporting and our support team is always ready to help.</p><h3 id="about-auth-network"><strong>About Auth Network</strong></h3><p>Auth Network is a decentralized and secure key management layer that uses threshold cryptography to secure users’ private keys and is operated by a diverse group of professional staking providers. Web3Auth - company that launches the initiative, is integrated with over 500 dApps and wallets and secures over 9 million keys and successfully raised ~$13M from industry leading investment firms including Sequoia Capital, USV, Multicoin Capital and many others.</p><p>Learn more by visiting <a href="https://web3auth.io/">Web3Auth.io</a>,<a href="https://twitter.com/web3auth"> Twitter</a> or<a href="https://t.me/web3auth"> Telegram</a>. If you are a dApp developer, explore potential integration options<a href="https://docs.web3auth.io/"> here</a> and join the discussion on<a href="http://discord.gg/web3auth"> Discord</a>.</p><h3 id="about-p2p"><strong>About P2P</strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only top-notch staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong>more than 3 billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 20,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong> We are early Web3Auth investors committed to provide long term support for the network.<br><br><br></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

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Pocket P2P Validator Joins Pocket Network as a Node Operator

<p>Pocket network eliminates dependence on a centralized middleware service by providing API for decentralized applications (dApps). In order to function dApps need to have continuous access to blockchain data. Usage of a single source of truth puts in <a href="https://cryptobriefing.com/infura-outage-sparks-debate-over-ethereums-decentralization/">doubt the decentralization aspect of the infrastructure</a>, compromising the security of the Dapps built on top of it. Pocket allows to drastically improve censorship resistance by providing multiple network node operators an incentivized opportunity to serve requests for a variety of blockchains.</p><p>A diverse geographic distribution of node operators and their ability to use various client software improves the decentralization side of dApps. At the time of writing, more than 2000 applications use Pocket to access data through the network of 30,000+ node operators. The number of requests serviced per day grew 10x during the last 6 month showing that <strong>demand for decentralized data access is growing</strong>.</p><p><em>We are excited to announce that p2p.org launched the P2P pool to service requests for dApps across blockchains supported by Pocket Network. Joining Pocket Network as a node operator is fully aligned with our mission to make crypto services accessible and secure.</em></p><p>We provide an opportunity to POKT token holders to participate in our pool and contribute to dApp censorship resistance, with a minimum stake set to 151k POKT. To get onboarded visit <a href="https://p2p.org/pocket">p2p.org/pocket</a>. <br><br>Every pool participant will have a personal manager and regular reward reports. P2P has diverse experience in maintaining robust infrastructure and has a professional team of DevOps engineers to ensure high availability and efficiency. We develop custom monitoring systems and provide 24/7 technical support.</p><h3 id="about-pocket-network"><strong>About Pocket Network</strong></h3><p>Pocket is a decentralized network of node operators servicing data requests from dApps across 10+ renowned blockchains such as Ethereum, Solana, Avalanche to name a few. It allows dApps to benefit from a decentralized API, increasing cost efficiency and censorship resistance. Pocket is supported by reputable investors including Arrington Capital, Republic Capital, RockTree Capital and many others.</p><p>Learn more by visiting the<a href="https://www.pokt.network/"> Pocket website</a>,<a href="https://twitter.com/POKTnetwork"> Twitter</a> or <a href="https://t.me/POKTnetwork">Telegram</a>. If you’re a developer or a node operator, explore possibilities <a href="https://docs.pokt.network/home/">here</a> and join the discussion on <a href="https://bit.ly/POKTARCADEdscrd">Discord</a>. To connect your dApp to decentralized infrastructure visit the<a href="https://portal.pokt.network"> Pocket Portal</a>.</p><h3 id="about-p2p"><strong>About P2P</strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/?utm_source=p2p_agoric_announcement&amp;utm_medium=blog_post&amp;utm_campaign=announcement_about_p2p_agoric&amp;utm_id=2">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only top-notch staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong>more than 3 billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong> P2P is an early Pocket Network investor committed to providing long term support for the ecosystem.<br></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

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