How to stake Cosmos Hub (ATOM)?

<!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><p>Table of Contents</p> <ul> <li><a href="#T1"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What is Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking? </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T2"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Why Stake Cosmos Hub (ATOM) with P2P Validator? </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T3"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking Rewards &amp; Fees </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T4"><span style=" font-size:16px"> How to Track my Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking Rewards </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T5"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Cosmos Hub' (ATOM) Warm-up &amp; Reward Distribution Frequency </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T6"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Re-delegate Cosmos Hub (ATOM) </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T7"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Undelegation period </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T8"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Ledger Live Staking Guide </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T9"><span style=" font-size:16px"> imToken Comos (ATOM) Staking Guide </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T10"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Keplr + Ledger Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking Guide </span></a></li> <li><a href="#T11"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking FAQ </span></a></li> </ul> <h2 id="what-is-cosmos-hub-atom-staking-a-namet1a">What is Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking? <a name="T1"></a></h2> <p>When staking Cosmos Hub (ATOM) you are supporting the network with the additional benefit of compounding your ATOM!</p> <p>Staking ATOM is the process of holding ATOM &quot;stake&quot; to partake and support the operations in the Cosmos Hub network to receive rewards. In order to be a &quot;Validator&quot; and participate in these operations, one is required to maintain a server running continuously, technological knowhow, experience, and have a significant self-bond (surety bond).</p> <p>This is where P2P Validator comes in, we allow ATOM token holders to forget about all the heavy lifting i.e maintenance, surety bonds etc. by &quot;delegating&quot; their holdings to P2P to receive these rewards. We accumulate users' stake and act as a major validation node, receiving and allocating staking rewards between our users pro rata to the delegation.</p> <p>Users that chose to stake with P2P maintain full custody of their ATOM at all times and P2P will never have access to them.</p> <h2 id="why-stake-cosmos-hub-atom-with-p2p-validator-a-namet2a">Why Stake Cosmos Hub (ATOM) with P2P Validator? <a name="T2"></a></h2> <p>Every delegator is self-responsible for the financial decisions made. It is very important to choose the right validator in order to maximize your rewards.</p> <p>P2P Validator has been supporting the Cosmos Hub network from day one providing community building, educational materials and a solid development team. In the process, we have also set ourselves as a trusted validator for ATOM delegators.</p> <p>We have a highly skilled, dedicated and experienced team (proven by our victories at the Cosmos Hub Game of Stakes and Game of Zones) to handle the network operations involved in staking ATOM, promising the highest network reliability and performance to our delegators. We have a 100% uptime record and have never been slashed. We have a significant ATOM stake, further demonstrating the community's trust in our staking infrastructure. With consistency and a competitive fee, we promise to provide a high yield on your delegation.</p> <p>P2P Validator provides special offers for delegations over 50,000 ATOM making it one of the best places for institutional investors. You can register on our Cosmos Hub staking page or simply get in contact with us via telegram to receive these benefits.</p> <p>By staking ATOM with us you help secure the network and add more value to the Cosmos Hub ecosystem in the long run. If you have any concerns along the way you can get in touch with us anytime!</p> <h2 id="cosmos-hub-atom-staking-rewards-fees-a-namet3a">Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking Rewards &amp; Fees <a name="T3"></a></h2> <p>You will be earning an estimated 19% APR when staking Cosmos Hub (ATOM) with P2P. Please keep in mind that the APR specified is approximate and changes along with network conditions.</p> <p>In order to run the staking infrastructure, we charge a 8% fee on your rewards. The rewards after taking the fee into consideration will therefore be 17.48%</p> <p>Example:</p> <p>I delegate 1000 ATOM to P2P</p> <p>Reward: 1000*19% = 190 ATOM</p> <p>Fee = 190*8% = 15.2 ATOM</p> <p>Estimated balance after 1 year = 1000+190- 15.2 = 1174.8 ATOM</p> <p>By simply delegating my 1000 ATOM as I hold it, I will have supported the network and earned an additional 174.8 ATOM after 1 year. Please keep in mind that the APR specified is approximate and changes along with network conditions.</p> <h2 id="how-to-track-my-cosmos-hub-atom-staking-rewards-a-namet4a">How to Track my Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking Rewards <a name="T4"></a></h2> <p>Tracking Cosmos Hub (ATOM) staking rewards is really easy when using the <a href="https://wallet.keplr.app/">Keplr wallet</a>.</p> <p>On your dashboard you will be able to see the amount staked and every pending reward for each delegation you have, not only on ATOM, but for every Cosmos Hub ecosystem supported chain.</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/1-1.png" alt="Keplr dashboard"> </p> <h2 id="cosmos-hub-atom-warm-up-reward-distribution-frequency-a-namet5a">Cosmos Hub' (ATOM) Warm-up &amp; Reward Distribution Frequency <a name="T5"></a></h2> <p>Unlike most other networks, you will start receiving rewards as soon as you delegate!</p> <p>Cosmos Hub staking rewards are paid out in real-time, with rewards accruing approximately every 6 seconds. Your rewards will be distributed in a separate account from your delegation and are not compounded to your delegation. At any point you can decide to add them to your existing stake and start earning interest on them. The benefit of having your rewards paid out in a separate account is that they are not locked (you may withdraw them immediately) whereas it takes 21 days to unbond your delegated ATOM.</p> <h2 id="re-delegate-cosmos-hub-atom-a-namet6a">Re-delegate Cosmos Hub (ATOM) <a name="T6"></a></h2> <p>It is very important to choose a validator that you trust and respect. Sometimes the validator you have selected may begin to perform poorly affecting your rewards, or they change their configurations (ex: increase commissions). You may also find that you would rather support another validator that supports the ecosystem in a way that better suits your vision.</p> <p>With Cosmos Hub (ATOM), you have the option to instantly change your validator once every twenty-one days. If you partially re-delegate ATOM, you can re-delegate the remaining amount without the 21 day restraint.</p> <p>You will not lose out on any rewards while re-delegating, but you will have to pay a small transaction fee.</p> <h2 id="cosmos-hub-atom-undelegation-period-a-namet7a">Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Undelegation period <a name="T7"></a></h2> <p>If you wish to stop delegating all together, the Cosmos Hub network enforces a 21 day period for your ATOM to unbond. In that period, you will not be earning interest on your unbonding ATOM and will not be able to withdraw them.</p> <p>Be aware that you can only unbond ATOM seven times with the same validator within a twenty-one day period.</p> <h2 id="cosmos-hub-atom-ledger-live-staking-guide-a-namet8a">Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Ledger Live Staking Guide <a name="T8"></a></h2> <p>We have created a step-by-step guide to help you stake your Cosmos Hub (ATOM) using the Ledger Live application!</p> <p>How To Stake Cosmos (ATOM) with Ledger Live | P2P Validator</p> <p>Before you start, make sure that you:</p> <ul> <li>Have updated Ledger live to its latest version</li> <li>Download the latest version of the Cosmos Hub App</li> <li>Add an ATOM account. Learn more</li> <li>Add ATOM to your account</li> </ul> <p>Getting started:<br> Go to your accounts and select the one you wish to stake from.</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/2.png" alt="Select account"> </p> <p>At the bottom of the page you will see a section named &quot;nominations&quot;. Here click on the button &quot;Earn rewards&quot;:</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/3.png" alt="Nominations"> </p> <p>A new window will pop-up detailing information regarding the delegation process. After reading, press &quot;Continue&quot;:</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/4.png" alt="Earn Rewards"> </p> <p>Search for P2P validator from the list of validators. Input the amount you wish to stake and press &quot;Continue&quot;:</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/5.png" alt="Choose Validator"> </p> <p>You will be prompted to confirm the delegation on your ledger device. Please note that the Cosmos Hub APP must be open before proceeding.</p> <p align="center"> <img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/09/6.png" alt="Confirm delegation"> </p> <p>You should now receive a confirmation message on your ledger live.</p> <p>That's it, your stake will activate and you'll start earning rewards immediately! Note that you will have to claim your rewards manually, which can either be added to your stake or to your available balances.</p> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="imtoken-comos-atom-staking-guide-a-namet9a">imToken Comos (ATOM) Staking Guide <a name="T9"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p></p><!--kg-card-begin: html--> <p align="center"> <iframe width="720" height="405" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/vS7YfHawhGc" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe> </p><!--kg-card-end: html--><p></p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="keplr-ledger-cosmos-hub-atom-staking-guide-a-namet10a">Keplr + Ledger Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking Guide <a name="T10"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>This <a href="https://p2p.org/economy/p/d7bb9334-8989-4299-a16d-02e52d6f26b7/">tutorial</a> helps you stake and manage <a href="https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/cosmos/">ATOM</a> tokens on the <a href="https://p2p.org/networks/cosmos">Cosmos</a> blockchain, using both the <a href="https://www.keplr.app/">Keplr</a> Browser Extension and Web Wallet together with your favorite <a href="https://www.ledger.com/">Ledger</a> device.</p><!--kg-card-begin: html--><p align="center"> <iframe width="720" height="405" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/_2uJZJ7BqYg" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe> </p> <!--kg-card-end: html--><p></p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="cosmos-hub-atom-staking-faq-a-namet11a">Cosmos Hub (ATOM) Staking FAQ <a name="T11"></a></h2> <h3 id="what-is-cosmos-hub">What is Cosmos Hub?</h3> <p>Cosmos Hub is a decentralized network of independent, scalable, and interoperable blockchains.</p> <h3 id="what-is-the-cosmos-hub-staking-apr">What is the Cosmos Hub staking APR?</h3> <p>The Cosmos Hub staking reward is approximately 16.1%. More info here.</p> <h3 id="how-often-are-staking-rewards-distributed">How often are staking rewards distributed?</h3> <p>Cosmos Hub staking rewards are paid out in real-time, with rewards accruing approximately every 7 seconds. More info here.</p> <h3 id="is-there-an-unstaking-period">Is there an unstaking period?</h3> <p>The Cosmos Hub network has a 21 day unstaking period throughout which your tokens will not be transferable. More info here.</p> <h3 id="is-there-a-slashing-risk-for-validators">Is there a slashing risk for validators?</h3> <p>Cosmos Hub network does have slashing risk for delegators.</p> <h3 id="is-there-a-minimum-staking-amount-for-cosmos-hub">Is there a minimum staking amount for Cosmos Hub?</h3> <p>There is no minimum staking amount for staking ATOM.</p> <h3 id="do-staking-rewards-compound">Do staking rewards compound?</h3> <p>No, staking rewards must be claimed by the user manually and delegated to achieve compounding effect.</p> <h3 id="what-is-the-cosmos-hub-inflation-rate">What is the Cosmos Hub inflation rate?</h3> <p>The Cosmos Hub network inflation rate is approximately 7% per year.</p> <!--kg-card-end: markdown-->

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Ethereum Ethereum 2.0 staking - The Beginners Guide

<!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h1 id="table-of-contents">Table of Contents</h1> <ul> <li><span style=" font-size:16px"> Ethereum 2.0 staking - The Beginners Guide </span> <ul> <li><a href="#T1"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What Is Ethereum 2.0?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T2"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What Is Ethereum 2.0 (ETH) Staking?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T3"><span style=" font-size:16px">Why Stake Ethereum for Ethereum 2.0?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T4"><span style=" font-size:16px">How Does Ethereum 2.0 (ETH) Staking Work?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T5"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Ethereum 2.0 (ETH) Staking Rewards &amp; Fees</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T6"><span style=" font-size:16px"> How Much Do You Make Staking Ethereum?</span></a> <ul> <li><a href="#T7"><span style=" font-size:16px"> When do I get my staking rewards?</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="#T8"><span style=" font-size:16px"> How do I Track My ETH 2.0 Staking Rewards?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T9"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Unstaking Period Ethereum (ETH)</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T10"><span style=" font-size:16px"> How to Stake Ethereum (ETH)?</span></a> <ul> <li><a href="#T11"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Solo Staking</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T12"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Staking as a Service</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T13"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Pooled Staking</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T14"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Centralized Exchanges</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T15"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Why Stake Ethereum with P2P?</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="#T16"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Possible Risks of Staking ETH</span></a> <ul> <li><a href="#T17"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What Will Ethereum 2.0 Value Be?</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="#T18"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Conclusion</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="#T19"><span style=" font-size:16px"> ETH 2.0 Staking FAQ</span></a> <ul> <li><a href="#T20"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What is Ethereum?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T21"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What is the Ethereum staking APR?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T22"><span style=" font-size:16px"> How often are staking rewards distributed?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T23"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Is there an unstaking period?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T24"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Is there a slashing risk for validators?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T25"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Is there a minimum staking amount for Ethereum?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T26"><span style=" font-size:16px"> Do staking rewards compound?</span></a></li> <li><a href="#T27"><span style=" font-size:16px"> What is the Ethereum inflation rate?</span></a></li> </ul> </li> </ul> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>The Ethereum ecosystem has been gaining immense popularity in the last few years. This blockchain platform hosts a variety of DeFi projects and NFTs, while its native coin, ETH, remains the second largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization. Ethereum Foundation, the non-profit organization that supports this system, continuously attempts to improve the Ethereum network, making it more scalable, sustainable, and secure. </p><p>One of the most significant changes that Ethereum is undergoing now is the introduction of Ethereum 2.0, which implies a switch from the Proof-of-Work (PoW) to the Proof-of-Stake (PoS) protocol. This upgrade is aimed at solving the problem of fast-growing transaction costs (aka gas costs) and colossal energy consumption by shifting from mining to a staking mechanism. In this article, we will dive deeper into Ethereum 2.0, outline its key features, and provide you with all the important details on how to stake Ethereum (ETH).</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="what-is-ethereum-20a-namet1a">What is Ethereum 2.0?<a name="T1"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/SFTx3GHk7QKfs9OyQyk6Y8wLw6LZZPGQJpvB9Cau4pAJi_v5imj0zEDCnelYD_YSPqTbIrq8wtMTNCNcZ_pGM8H98Ka9JQd1zY_i70USWJhNTGAFpeE4nt_r4Mtn9YSRerWeULV3T4ySwdfCKcST2wA" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>Ethereum 2.0 (also called Serenity or ETH2) is a number of updates planned by the Ethereum Foundation which are going to result in the ETH network moving from the PoW to PoS consensus protocol. The primary goal of this major network improvement is to solve the issues of scalability, high transaction fees, and energy consumption that have been plaguing Ethereum (ETH) since its inception. <br>The Ethereum Foundation has been working on these long-awaited upgrades for several years now. The first change happened in 2020 when the Beacon Chain was introduced. It opened the possibility of ETH staking. Another upgrade called “The Merge” is planned to occur in 2022. This step will unite ETH1 (the  execution layer) and ETH2 (the consensus layer) into one network. The total shift to the Proof-of-Stake mechanism is expected to finish in 2023 - 2024.<br></p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="what-is-ethereum-20-eth-staking-a-namet2a">What is Ethereum 2.0 (ETH) Staking? <a name="T2"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>The Proof-of-Work (PoW) consensus algorithm used by the current Ethereum ecosystem implies that miners validate transactions and add new blocks to the blockchain in exchange for rewards paid in ETH. <em>Although this approach has proven to be secure, it has some significant pitfalls. <br></em></p><ol><li><em><strong>Huge energy consumption.</strong> PoW is quite resource-intensive as it requires expensive hardware and a lot of electricity to power it. <br></em></li><li><em><strong>Ever-growing gas costs.</strong> As the network expands, the transaction fees increase. <br></em></li><li><em><strong>Limited scalability. </strong>The current Ethereum network can only process around 15 transactions per second.</em></li></ol><p><br>These issues can be resolved as soon as the Proof-of-Stake mechanism comes out. PoS is a much more efficient and eco-friendly way of validating transactions and adding new blocks to the blockchain. In this approach, instead of mining, there is a staking process in which users stake their Ethereum to validate transactions and earn rewards. As there is no need for expensive hardware or enormous amounts of electricity, PoS is much cheaper and more sustainable than PoW. <em>Moreover, as stakers can validate transactions much faster, Ethereum’s scalability will also improve.</em></p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="why-stake-ethereum-for-ethereum-20-a-namet3a">Why stake Ethereum for Ethereum 2.0? <a name="T3"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Every ETH holder might wonder why it’s worth staking. Let’s consider the core reasons.</p><ol><li><strong>Extra income.</strong> Staking is a great way to earn passive returns. As long as you keep your ETH staked, you will continue to receive a percentage of rewards.</li><li><strong>Ethereum network development.</strong> This is one of the ways to support the Ethereum ecosystem and its shifting to the PoS consensus algorithm. If you stake your ETH, you help to secure the network and make it more scalable.</li><li><strong>Sustainability.</strong> Staking is eco-friendly. Unlike mining, it doesn’t require heavy energy consumption.</li><li><strong>Easy to start.</strong> Anyone with a computer can become a staker. It’s not necessary to have expensive hardware or much capital to get started.</li></ol><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="how-does-ethereum-20-eth-staking-work-a-namet4a">How does Ethereum 2.0 (ETH) Staking work? <a name="T4"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>ETH staking implies adding new blocks to the Ethereum blockchain. A user must deposit 32 ETH to become a full validator who is responsible for processing transactions, storing data, and adding blocks. The reward is earned for correctly validated transactions. If a validator submits fraudulent transactions or breaks the network rules, they are punished with a process known as slashing, which means that they could lose part of their investment and be kicked out of the ETH ecosystem.</p><p>There are some alternative ways to participate in staking. If a user doesn’t want to get into the details of this reward-earning approach or deal with hardware, they could make use of staking-as-a-service. For users who are limited in capital, there is an option of pooled staking. However, it’s crucial to remember that these techniques come with certain risks, especially related to the counterparty.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="ethereum-20-eth-staking-rewards-fees-a-namet5a">Ethereum 2.0 (ETH) Staking Rewards &amp; Fees <a name="T5"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>In staking, the amount of the reward is variable. It depends on factors such as the total amount of ETH staked, the length of time it is staked for, and the overall inflation rate. For example, if you stake your ETH for a shorter period, you will receive less reward than if you stake it for a longer time. However, as long as you keep your ETH staked, you will continue to receive rewards regularly. Most commonly, users who stake their ETH take a reward of about 8% Annual Percentage Rate (APR). This means that if you stake 1 Ethereum, you will have 1.08 ETH at the end of the year.<br>When it comes to the fees, everything depends on the platform the staker is using. The amount can greatly vary. For example, Lido takes 10% for ETH staking, Coinbase has a 25% fee, while <a href="https://p2p.org/networks/ethereum">P2P</a> charges a 10% fee.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="how-much-do-you-make-staking-ethereum-a-namet6a">How Much Do You Make Staking Ethereum? <a name="T6"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>As previously mentioned, the amount of money that can be earned from staking Ethereum can vary depending on several factors. The size of the reward is impacted by the amount of ETH that is being staked - the more ETH, the higher the potential reward. Another important factor to take into account is the time the Ethereum is being staked for - a longer period will typically result in more significant profits. In addition, it is also important to consider the current interest rate on Ethereum. The higher it is, the more money can be earned from staking this cryptocurrency. Currently, the average reward from ETH staking fluctuates between 3% - 8% paid annually.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h3 id="when-do-i-get-my-staking-rewards-a-namet7a">When do I get my staking rewards? <a name="T7"></a></h3> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>An Ethereum staker gets a reward after each epoch, which usually lasts 6.5 minutes on average. However, it’s important to note that the user should be active during this time to receive it, meaning that they should be online and validating.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="how-do-i-track-my-eth-20-staking-rewards-a-namet8a">How Do I Track My ETH 2.0 Staking Rewards? <a name="T8"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>To track Ethereum staking rewards, the user needs to find their staking address. It’s possible to do it in two ways:</p><ul><li>Find it via transaction history in the blockchain explorer (a tool that allows users to view information about a particular blockchain).<br></li><li>Get the staking address from the wallet and then insert it in the blockchain explorer to find the related information.</li></ul><p>Overall, the process of tracking your ETH 2.0 staking rewards is relatively simple and can be done using either a blockchain explorer or one of the multiple tools that help to track rewards.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="unstaking-period-for-ethereum-eth-a-namet9a">Unstaking period for Ethereum (ETH) <a name="T9"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>The unstaking or undelegation period is the time users must wait to withdraw their ETH if they want to stop staking. This period is required to ensure that all the rewards that have been earned are properly distributed. <br><br>On Ethereum, it is currently not possible to unstake your assets, once they are staked. Withdrawal of staked assets will be enabled in 2023 with the Shanghai upgrade. The unstaking period is variable and depends on how much ETH is queued to be unstaked at the time.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="how-to-stake-ethereum-a-namet10a">How to stake Ethereum? <a name="T10"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>There are a few different ways a user can stake Ethereum. Let’s have a look at them.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h3 id="solo-staking-a-namet11a">Solo staking <a name="T11"></a></h3> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Solo staking means that users stake their ETH and do not pool it with others. This approach comes with the maximum reward since it is not shared with other users. For this type of staking, it’s necessary to invest 32 ETH and have a robust computer with a constant internet connection.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h3 id="staking-as-a-service-a-namet12a">Staking as a service <a name="T12"></a></h3> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>This is an easier way for users to participate in staking without having to set up their own validators or run any special software. Instead, they simply deposit their ETH into the provider's smart contract. This model allows for earning rewards without having to bear the full costs and risks of running a validator node. Although Ethereum staking service providers typically charge a small fee, this is often offset by the higher rewards that they offer.</p><p>Staking as a service exists in three forms: custodial, semi-custodial, and non-custodial.<br></p><ul><li><strong>Custodial service providers</strong> completely manage the staking process. They own the users’ validator and withdrawal keys.</li><li><strong>Semi-custodial service providers</strong> don’t hold users’ withdrawal keys, and thus don’t have access to the customer funds, but they do hold users' validator keys.</li><li><strong>Non-custodial service providers</strong> allow users to earn interest on their Ethereum holdings without having to give up control of their private keys.<br></li></ul><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h3 id="pooled-staking-a-namet13a">Pooled Staking <a name="T13"></a></h3> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Pooled staking is when users pool their Ethereum together to have a better chance of validating blocks and earning rewards. This is a great way for users to earn rewards without having to stake 32 ETH. However, it’s crucial to remember that it’s not a native staking method, and thus it comes with increased third-party risks.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h3 id="centralized-exchanges-a-namet14a">Centralized Exchanges <a name="T14"></a></h3> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>This staking method has gained particular popularity among ETH holders. A centralized exchange is a suitable choice for users who don’t feel comfortable holding Ethereum in their wallets and managing their keys. Although centralized exchanges typically offer higher rewards than other methods of staking, they also come with the risk of losing ETH if the exchange is hacked or becomes insolvent.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h3 id="why-stake-ethereum-with-p2p-a-namet15a">Why stake Ethereum with P2P? <a name="T15"></a></h3> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p><a href="https://p2p.org/networks/ethereum">P2P</a> provides non-custodial services for Ethereum (ETH) staking. As previously mentioned, this means that users keep full control of their assets and the platform doesn’t have access to their private keys. </p><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P</a> is a cutting-edge solution that provides its customers with top-notch security, transparency, and strong community support. When it comes to ETH staking rewards and fees, after The Merge, it offers its users a ~8% APR and charges a 10% validator fee. By staking before The Merge, a 0.1 ETH flat fee is charged for every 32 ETH.</p><p>New and existing clients can benefit from a 0% validator fee per quarter when staking more than 320 ETH.<br>P2P is one of the leading Node Operators at LIDO, running thousands of nodes for almost 2 years. By opting for this ETH staking solution, users receive high-quality service and 24/7 expert account monitoring and support.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="possible-risks-of-staking-eth-a-namet16a">Possible risks of staking ETH <a name="T16"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/yboZPMkuwLYbqf0ogKAcgMLlQMbdiWl3y1A9VodxcUbzSvlxLMzwm247h7hwtclbKy8sSqlyjlilukqMcr-f-fs97vBjqoU6ZSijj6cUtQQfkqhyuNXtb9fcMaExSJqjp8lcqZgpyrOwX-aHiv2mqcI" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>If you decide to stake your ETH, it’s important to be aware of the risks related to this approach. Let’s have a look at the most significant ones:<br></p><ol><li><strong>Unclear price of ETH 2.0.</strong> The value of Ethereum 2.0 will undoubtedly differ from the current Ethereum price. If it goes down, you will still earn rewards for staking, but the overall value of your investment will decrease. However, if Ethereum 2.0 turns out to be successful, its value is likely to increase along with your potential rewards.<br></li><li><strong>Unstaking.</strong> Users will not be able to withdraw their staked Ethereum by the time Ethereum 2.0 is completely released. This could take a couple of years. Currently, the Ethereum Foundation has scheduled the terminal stage for 2023-2024.<br></li><li><strong>Slashing.</strong> This is the risk of losing some funds. Slashing is a penalty imposed on stakers who fail to comply with the network rules or validate fraudulent transactions.<br></li><li><strong>Private key loss.</strong> If a user loses their private keys, they will not be able to access their ETH, and thus will not be able to earn rewards.<br></li></ol><p>While all these risks are possible, they are also relatively unlikely if you are well aware of the features and limitations of this approach.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h3 id="what-will-ethereum-20-value-be-a-namet17a">What will Ethereum 2.0 Value Be? <a name="T17"></a></h3> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Different crypto experts have various expectations about the Ethereum price in the short- and long-term perspective. However, the majority of them agree that the improvements related to Ethereum 2.0 will push this crypto to enter a bullish market. </p><p><a href="https://coinpedia.org/information/market-price-prediction-ethereum-2019/">Coinpedia</a> expects Ethereum to be traded at about $5,000 at the end of 2023. Moreover, if the ETH 2.0 release turns out to be successful, the value of this crypto could hit a maximum of around $11,000 in 2025.<br><br><a href="https://coinpriceforecast.com/ethereum-forecast-2020-2025-2030">Coin Price forecast</a> also has a positive forecast for the Ethereum price. However, it’s more reserved. This platform believes that ETH will reach the level of about $2,200 by the end of 2022 and will continue growing, approaching $2,800 in 2025.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="conclusion-a-namet18a">Conclusion <a name="T18"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Ethereum staking could be a great way of gaining extra income. Moreover, this process, in contrast to mining, comes with significantly improved scalability, security, and sustainability. However, before making any decision, it’s crucial to be aware of the risks involved. One of the main issues to take into account is that users will not able to withdraw their staked Ethereum by the time Ethereum 2.0 is completely released.<br><br>If you decide that the advantages of this approach outweigh its potential risks, you need to choose among the several possible ways to stake Ethereum and commence your journey.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h1 id="eth-20-staking-faq-a-namet19a">ETH 2.0 Staking FAQ <a name="T19"></a></h1> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="what-is-ethereuma-namet20a">What is Ethereum?<a name="T20"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Ethereum is a decentralized, open-source blockchain featuring smart contract functionality. Its native token, ETH, is the second largest crypto by market cap after Bitcoin. Ethereum is a unique platform that serves as a home for many decentralized applications and NFTs. Currently, the network is undergoing some significant changes which will result in shifting from a Proof-of-Work to a Proof-of-Stake mechanism.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="what-is-the-ethereum-staking-apr-a-namet21a">What is the Ethereum staking APR? <a name="T21"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>In Ethereum staking, the reward may vary depending on the amount of ETH invested, the time it is staked for, the inflation rate, and more. However, the average Ethereum staking yield is about 5.4%.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="how-often-are-staking-rewards-distributed-a-namet22a">How often are staking rewards distributed? <a name="T22"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Ethereum staking rewards are distributed by stakers every 24 hours. The amount of the rewards depends on the number of ETH tokens staked, the time they are staked for, inflation, and more. However, typically it is around 4% per year.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="is-there-an-unstaking-period-a-namet23a">Is there an unstaking period? <a name="T23"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Unstaking Ethereum or any other crypto means taking these coins out of the staking pool. There is no unstaking period in the Ethereum network, and your tokens will be transferable immediately upon unstaking. Note that once you have unstaked your coins, they are no longer eligible for staking rewards.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="is-there-a-slashing-risk-for-validators-a-namet24a">Is there a slashing risk for validators? <a name="T24"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>Yes, there is such a risk. Slashing is a type of punishment imposed on users who don’t comply with network regulations or submit fraudulent transactions. This could result in a user losing some of their funds or even being kicked out of the network.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="is-there-a-minimum-staking-amount-for-ethereum-a-namet25a">Is there a minimum staking amount for Ethereum? <a name="T25"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>In general, there is no minimum amount to stake Ethereum. However, there could be some minimum requirements set by individual staking pools. P2P users don’t have to provide any minimum ETH staking amount.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="do-staking-rewards-compound-a-namet26a">Do staking rewards compound? <a name="T26"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>No, Ethereum staking rewards don't compound; most smart contracts do not allow for compounding rewards. This means that users cannot gain interest on their interest.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><h2 id="what-is-the-ethereum-inflation-rate-a-namet27a">What is the Ethereum inflation rate? <a name="T27"></a></h2> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>The annual Ethereum supply is limited to 18,000,000. This means that its inflation rate has to decrease each year. As a result, in 2022, Ethereum inflation dropped from 1.10% to 0.51% during the first quarter.</p><p></p><p></p>

P2P Validator

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Kusama, Moonbeam Postmortem: Moonbeam Collator Incident (September 4 2022)

<p></p><h3 id="summary">Summary </h3><p>On September 4 at 15:15 UTC one of our collators stopped syncing and due to an error in the monitoring rules the incident went unnoticed. As a result of this the collator did not produce blocks for a period of 27 hours.</p><h3 id="what-happened">What Happened?</h3><p>An error was made in one of the many rules of our monitoring system. When writing this rule, we mistakenly used the wrong metric to determine the status of the collator in the candidate list. As a result, when the collator stopped synchronizing, the engineering team did not receive any notifications about the incident.</p><h3 id="customer-impact">Customer Impact</h3><p>Delegators who nominated and had their staked allocated to this collator did not receive rewards for a period of 4 rounds.</p><h3 id="what-went-wrong">What went wrong?</h3><p>Unfortunately, we received information about the incident from an external source, which is unacceptable.</p><h3 id="what-went-well">What went well?</h3><p>After receiving information about the incident, the failed collator was promptly restored as soon as possible and began to produce blocks.</p><h3 id="lessons-learnt-and-action-plan">Lessons learnt and action plan</h3><p>We are going to implement strict checks and audits of all our monitoring rules. We are also in the process of automating testing of monitoring rules as much as possible before applying them to the production environment.</p><p><br>P2P takes full responsibility for the event that led to the weak performance and we are sorry for the inconvenience. Please be assured that we are taking actions to eliminate even a small probability of such an event occurring in the future.</p><hr><p><strong><strong><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></strong></strong></p><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, more than 1.5 billion USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 40+ networks.</p><p><em><em>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</em></em></p><p><br></p><p> </p>

P2P Validator

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Cardano What to look for when choosing a Cardano pool?

<h3></h3><p>At first, Cardano might appear to have a complicated staking system, but in reality it's quite simple. In this article we will begin by outlining Cardano’s staking architecture before moving on to the key factors about validator pools that will affect your Return-on-Assets (ROA). By the end of this article, you will be able to confidently select a validator pool that is the right fit for you. <br></p><h2 id="staking-architecture">Staking Architecture</h2><p>To get a better understanding of the whole staking architecture, let's first start with how rewards are generated. Within each epoch, fees from network operations and new emissions are collected into a fund. Part of these collected assets goes to the Cardano treasury, while the rest is distributed to validators and delegators as a reward for their commitment to securing the network through staking. <br><br>The validator's role is to secure the network. They are responsible for confirming the validity of new blocks of transactions which are then added to the network's ledger. Every time a new block is added to the ledger, validators are rewarded with staking rewards. </p><p>Cardano token holders can earn staking rewards by delegating their ADA assets to one of the many available validator pools. By delegating your ADA to a validator pool, you are providing this validator with your tokens rights to participate in the validation of blocks. Validators will redistribute their earnings to their delegators pro rata to their stake. </p><p>A validator's probability to be allocated a block to produce, depends on a number of factors. <strong>Pool saturation, </strong>which refers to how much stake a particular pool has,<strong> </strong>is the most important factor when it comes to allocation of new blocks. The higher the pool saturation, the higher is the amount staked in the pool. The greater a pool's stake is, the more blocks will be allocated to them. If the pool does not have enough stake to be allocated a new block, it can take as long as 5 or 50 epochs before they will produce a block. <br><br>So what factors are important to take into consideration when selecting the right validator pool? Below we explain the several key factors to take into account.</p><h2 id="important-factors-when-selecting-a-validator-pool"><br>Important factors when selecting a validator pool<br></h2><h3 id="pool-saturation">Pool saturation </h3><p>The Cardano staking architecture was created in a way that pool saturation does not have a significant effect on ROA in the long run. <br><br>Pools with larger stakes will have more blocks allocated to them and therefore will generate more rewards, but they will also have to distribute it amongst more delegated stake. Smaller pools will produce blocks less often, but will generate a high return to their delegators when they do. <br><br>One has to consider their strategy when deciding which pool to select: Whether they would rather choose a pool with high saturation that will produce more blocks and distribute rewards more evenly and frequently, or choose a less saturated pool that will produce fewer blocks but distribute greater rewards when it does. </p><p>However, in order to promote decentralisation, the Cardano protocol has a cap on the amount of rewards a validator's pool can receive. Therefore, if a pool is <em><strong>oversaturated</strong></em>, the rewards received for producing blocks will have to distribute between all the ADA that was delegated to that pool. This leads to lower rewards per each ADA delegation. The current oversaturation limit is 64 million ADA.</p><h3 id="pool-fees-margin"><br>Pool Fees (Margin)</h3><p>Validators may charge a fee (margin) for maintaining its pools, keeping a percentage of all rewards received. The usual margin for public pools is between 1 and 3%, which has a very low impact on rewards. For example, even if you stake 1 million ADA on nodes with 0% and 1% commission (let’s take average nodes with 50% saturation), the difference in rewards between them will be about 5-10 ADA per epoch. <br><br>Do note that validators can set the fee up to 100%, so it is important to check that the commission is not set too high.</p><h3 id="pledge">Pledge</h3><p>A pledge is an amount of assets self-bonded by the validator intended to remain staked to its pool for as long as it operates. It can affect ROA, but only very slightly. Below we will take a look at an example.</p><p>As an illustration, let's look at the change in the possible ROA depending on the pool parameters:</p><p>Let's imagine we have three pools, each with a saturation of 30 million ADA. Each of them has the following pledge values:</p><p>Pool 1 - 10,000 ADA, </p><p>Pool 2 - 100,000 ADA  </p><p>Pool 3 - 1,000,000 ADA</p><p>If you were to stake 10 million ADA, you would get the following ROA on each pool:</p><p>Pool 1 - 3.958%</p><p>Pool 2 - 3.960%</p><p>Pool 3 - 3.982%<br></p><p>As we can see, although there is a difference, it is not significant.<br></p><h3 id="luck">Luck </h3><p>Luck reflects the protocol randomness in the allocation of blocks. When a pool gets allocated more blocks to generate than expected, the luck metric is greater than 100%. If a pool gets allocated less blocks than it would be expected then that number is less than 100%.</p><p>Pools experience this metric every epoch regardless of their size and it is completely random, so smaller pools will see swings between 0% and 100% during long streaks, whereas larger pools will see higher returns in the same period. Over a long enough period of time, the expected APY on rewards will average towards the network expected value.</p><p>It's important to keep in mind that block allocation is calculated on the basis of statistics. If a pool has gotten more than it's expected share of blocks in the past, future block allocations will be lower and vice-versa. </p><h2 id="reliability-and-reputation">Reliability and Reputation</h2><p>Since Pool Saturation, Pledge and Luck do not have a significant impact on ROA in the long run on pools with similar fees, the main consideration a delegator needs to have when selecting a validator pool is the validator’s reliability. In case of failures, errors, etc., no blocks will be created and consequently no participant will receive any reward. So when choosing a pool, this decision should be made responsibly to be sure that the infrastructure is maintained without failures. You can analyse validators' historical performances on <a href="https://adapools.org/">explorers.</a></p><p><br>Let's take an example with one of P2P’s pools. Using the following <a href="https://adapools.org/pool/c29c92f8319150962650bc8a5e24d918491e8a7b3ac43525afe76baa">link</a> to the explorer, you can verify the performance and configurations of P2P. You can see that the saturation is less than half, it has a margin of 0%, a pledge of 1M ADA and it has a ROA of around 4-5%.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/LpTAxAlKIXJyY-JI_abbpO_Ryo6M6V7qFNqtWhm8R38oGMdFWGWaECyyyAda8xus17qRz2gNsNFqWd3DnSb7RVFYJD9BqKLIwHsnMWlb-wpaKGcn5E8sEd0_DsCA-QfkeEOSQ2siZnDtTORjzn53FXsCYIPyXN0XJTHeWRf0aep6JQhPG4p2m2QmfQ" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>Delegating to a public node is not the only way to stake. Many experienced validators, including P2P, provide the option to maintain a whitelabel node for large token holders. Essentially, a team would be responsible for maintaining the node, but it would be managed and owned by the token holder. In other words, a DevOps team would solve all the technical issues, whereas the owner would control the margin, marketing, etc. </p><h2 id="takeaways">Takeaways</h2><p>The Cardano staking architecture was designed in a way to provide all well performing staking pools with similar profitability opportunities, regardless of the size of their stake. Therefore, when selecting a public node, the most important consideration is the fee, the stability and reliability of the validator. Validators with low up time, or in cases where technical failures occur, may miss blocks and as a result delegators will lose out on potential rewards.<br></p><hr><h3 id="about-p2p-validator"><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, more than 1.5 billion USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 40+ networks.</p><p><em>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</em></p>

P2P Validator

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Polkadot P2P Raises Fee at Polkadot while Continuing to increase sustainability

<h1></h1><p>P2P Validator has been supporting the Polkadot network from day one, <strong>providing high-quality validation services</strong> for DOT nominators. Our <strong>developed products allow nominators</strong> to easily manage investments and receive a detailed report on their staking income.</p><p><strong>We invest in the development of the Polkadot network</strong> and see long-term prospects, however, the costs of maintaining the infrastructure and product development are  higher than the revenues that the validator currently receives. We have decided to <strong>set a commission of 1% starting from 5 September 2022</strong> to remain flexible and provide more sustainable services.</p><h2 id="what-have-we-done"><strong>What have we done?</strong></h2><p>We <strong>did not stop the development activity</strong> in the Polkadot network and put in more than eight months of hard work for a reduced fee. Here is a list of the <strong>most significant achievements</strong> that we have released for the Polkadot ecosystem:</p><ol><li><a href="https://p2p.org/snapshot/polkadot">Snapshot service </a>for everyone who is running their own validators.</li><li><a href="https://github.com/p2p-org/substrate_node">Substrate node</a>. Compact set of terraform and ansible roles for deploying substrate-based node</li><li>Received and released a grant from WEB3 Foundation for a Multi Blockchain ETL solution for blockchains with an API for the collected data. We proceed to support the infrastructure for the MBELT, spending thousands of dollars every month.</li><li>Five articles and users guides posted.</li><li><a href="https://reports.p2p.org/superset/dashboard/polkadot_sample_report/?native_filters_key=UDDVi9IA6qtvjLQ1Kdg1lZ0LK4ZYcpf5oOs_UlOMnt7mBS7cc76QJ-Vw_5uBnPYT">P2P Dashboard</a> for Polkadot users:</li></ol><ul><li>Track and analyse nominator rewards</li><li>Different strategies performance overview</li><li>CSV reward report</li></ul><p>Product development inside the ecosystem is an essential element not only to support the Polkadot network but also as a part of the <strong>long-term growth of the community and the network value.</strong></p><h2 id="when-will-the-commission-be-increased"><strong>When will the commission be increased?</strong></h2><p>We will increase the commission to 1% starting September 5, 2022. There is a lot of work ahead, and we believe that <strong>joint efforts will accelerate the evolution of the Polkadot network.</strong></p><p>We want to <strong>thank all our nominators</strong> for their continuous support and for being with us!</p><p><strong>Special offer for <strong>20</strong>,<strong>000+</strong> DOT holders</strong></p><p>If you stake 20,000+ DOT, you can benefit from staking with P2P rebalancing service. Our optimized staking strategy provides up to 20% higher rewards than the network average. Our clients currently benefit from a 15% APR vs 13.8% net</p><p><strong>P2P plans of further developments</strong></p><p>While staying a reliable and affordable validator, P2P team plans to design and release block finalization community exporter to share our findings in tracking validator performance. We are committed to success of the Polkadot Network in the long term and hope that you can embark on this journey with us.</p><p>If you would like to know more about our offer for Polkadot please visit: <a href="https://p2p.org/networks/polkadot">https://p2p.org/networks/polkadot</a><br><br>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</p><hr><h2 id="about-p2p-validator"><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></h2><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, more than 1.5 billion USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 40+ networks.</p>

P2P Validator

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Ethereum Ethereum 2.0 FAQ

<p>If you are looking for information about The Merge we've got you covered. Below you can find answers to the most common questions about the upcoming Ethereum upgrade. </p><p></p><h3 id="what-is-ethereum-20">What is Ethereum 2.0?</h3><p>Ethereum 2.0 (ETH2) is a set of upgrades that looks to make Ethereum more scalable, secure and sustainable.</p><h3 id="will-ethereum-be-renamed-after-the-merge">Will Ethereum be renamed after The Merge?</h3><p>No, Ethereum will still be Ethereum and no new cryptocurrencies will be created. The ticker for the Ethereum token will remain the same, ETH.</p><p>This misconception comes from the fact that for a time ETH on the mainnet was referred to as ETH1 and ETH on the Beacon Chain was referred to as ETH2. After The Merge however only ETH will exist.</p><h3 id="what-are-the-major-differences-between-current-ethereum-and-ethereum-20">What are the major differences between current Ethereum and Ethereum 2.0?</h3><p>There are two big changes happening with the introduction of ETH2.</p><p>The first one will be a shift from Proof of work (PoW) to Proof of Stake (PoS). The second one will be the introduction of shard chains. </p><h3 id="what-is-the-difference-between-proof-of-work-pow-and-proof-of-stake-pos">What is the difference between Proof of Work (PoW) and Proof of Stake (PoS)?</h3><p>PoW is a consensus mechanism that relies on computational power and the expenditure of energy to validate transactions on a blockchain. In PoS validators use capital to validate transactions. This not only helps alleviate environmental concerns associated with PoW but also improves security and scalability.</p><h3 id="when-will-eth2-launch">When will ETH2 launch?</h3><p>The ETH2 launch will be segmented into phases. </p><p>The first phase occurred in December 2020 with the launch of the <strong>Beacon Chain</strong>. The launch of the Beacon Chain marked an important milestone in the road to ETH2, introducing PoS to Ethereum.</p><p>The next phase is called <strong>The Merge</strong> and it is scheduled to happen on September 19, 2022. The Merge represents the fusion of the current Ethereum mainnet with the Beacon Chain. This update will replace the current Proof of Work consensus mechanism with Proof of Stake.</p><p><strong>Shard chains</strong> are a scalability mechanism through which the blockchain is divided among many different nodes thus allowing transactions to be processed in parallel instead of consecutively. This helps drastically improve the network amount of transactions per second. This upgrade is currently expected to launch somewhere in 2023 following The Merge. There has been no confirmed date yet but be on the lookout for announcements.</p><h3 id="what-will-happen-to-my-ethereum">What will happen to my Ethereum?</h3><p>You won’t need to do anything with your Ethereum. The Merge was set up to be a seamless transition for the average user.</p><h3 id="what-is-ethereum-expected-staking-apr-after-the-merge">What is Ethereum expected staking APR after The Merge?</h3><p>The current APR before The Merge is around 4%. After The Merge the best estimates place the APR between the range of 7-11%. </p><p>You can find a more comprehensive answer to this question <a href="https://blog.lido.fi/modelling-the-entry-queue-post-merge-an-analysis-of-impacts-on-lidos-socialized-model/">here</a>.</p><h3 id="will-there-be-a-proof-of-work-fork-of-ethereum-after-the-merge-can-i-get-tokens-on-the-new-chain-if-i-stake-them">Will there be a Proof-of-Work fork of Ethereum after The merge? Can I get tokens on the new chain if I stake them?</h3><p>Yes, there most likely will be a fork of Ethereum after The Merge. Staked Ethereum will probably also not be counted towards getting new tokens in the forked chain.</p><p>There are pros in choosing to stake early rather than wait for the fork. As more ETH gets staked the less rewards are available for each validator. Due to the expected increase in staking APR post-merge one can capture this yield by staking early.</p><p>By waiting to stake one can also risk being caught up in the staking queue that can form if a large number of validators are trying to be created at the same time. This can push the current waiting period to start earning rewards, which currently goes up to 7 days, to a 2 to 4 months waiting period. </p><p>The calculation being made here is between the profit earned from the tokens on the new chain versus the loss of staking rewards for 2 to 4 months.</p><h3 id="what-is-the-minimum-amount-of-eth-i-can-stake">What is the minimum amount of ETH I can stake?</h3><p>You don’t need any Ethereum to run a node. However to validate blocks and earn staking rewards you need to stake at least 32 ETH.</p><p>Running a non-block-producing node is still incentivized since it improves network security.</p><h3 id="how-often-are-staking-rewards-distributed">How often are staking rewards distributed? </h3><p>Withdrawals from the Beacon Chain are not enabled so rewards are not being distributed just yet. You can still earn rewards however. </p><h3 id="will-i-be-able-to-earn-mev-rewards-from-staking">Will I be able to earn MEV rewards from staking?</h3><p>Yes, our APR estimates include MEV rewards.</p><h3 id="is-there-a-slashing-risk-for-validators">Is there a slashing risk for Validators?</h3><p>Yes, there is slashing risk to prevent malicious actions on the network.</p><h3 id="do-staking-rewards-compound">Do staking rewards compound?</h3><p>No, staking rewards do not compound because withdrawals from the Beacon Chain will not be enabled just yet.</p><h3 id="will-the-network-experience-any-downtime-during-the-merge">Will the network experience any downtime during The Merge?</h3><p>No, the network will not experience any downtime. The upgrade was designed to cause no disruption to the network.</p><h3 id="will-the-gas-fees-reduce-after-the-merge">Will the gas fees reduce after The Merge?</h3><p>No, The Merge changes the consensus mechanism from PoW to PoS. Gas fees are dictated by the network usage, future updates will look to address gas fees.</p><h3 id="will-transactions-be-faster-after-the-merge">Will transactions be faster after The Merge?</h3><p>It’s very unlikely. The Merge focus is not on scalability, future upgrades to the network will focus on scalability.<br></p><p>If you are interested in staking Ethereum with P2P, please email us at <a href="mailto:[email protected]" rel="noopener noreferrer">[email protected]</a>.</p><hr><p>About P2P Validator</p><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong><strong><strong><strong>more than </strong></strong>2.9<strong><strong> billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 2</strong></strong>5<strong><strong>,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong></strong></strong></strong></p><p>Want to stake Ethereum with us? Visit <a href="https://p2p.org/networks/ethereum">p2p.org/networks/ethereum</a>  to find out more about Ethereum staking.</p><p>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</p>

P2P Validator

from p2p validator

Cosmos Introducing Neutron

<h3 id="p2p-is-building-neutron-a-permission-less-zone-featuring-cosmwasm-and-full-ibc-capability-including-interchain-accounts-and-queries-to-host-the-interchain%E2%80%99s-infrastructure-and-defi-protocols-neutron-is-proposed-to-launch-as-a-consumer-chain-secured-by-the-cosmos-hub">P2P is building Neutron, a permission-less zone featuring CosmWasm and full IBC capability (including Interchain Accounts and Queries) to host the Interchain’s infrastructure and DeFi protocols. Neutron is proposed to launch as a Consumer-Chain secured by the Cosmos Hub.</h3><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><p> </p> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><p>The vision of an ecosystem of the sovereign, interconnected blockchains is coming to life. As the technology underpinning Cosmos matures, adoption is picking up: a recent example, dYdX, a major Ethereum Perp-Trading protocol, announced it was moving to a custom App-Chain to provide better order book trading services to its users.</p><p>Not all protocols need the same degree of customization as dYdX does, though, and most would rather avoid the overhead associated with the construction of a generic zone. For these protocols, there needs to be a secure, well-connected CosmWasm hub where to deploy.</p><p>Currently, such a zone does not exist: no chain is as secure as the Cosmos Hub, and Proposal 69 showed the community’s preference for virtual machines to be released on Consumer-Chains, rather than the Hub itself.</p><p>Today, we are proud to announce we are making the Cosmonauts’ vision a reality: Introducing Neutron, a permission-less, Interchain-Secured CosmWasm smart-contracting environment for the Interchain.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><p> </p> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><h3 id="what-is-neutron">What is Neutron?</h3><p>Neutron is designed to be the premier venue for Interchain Smart-Contract deployment:</p><p>Built with the Cosmos SDK, Neutron features native support for CosmWasm, a virtual machine that allows smart contracts written in Rust, AssemblyScript and other coding languages to run on Cosmos blockchains. The resulting smart-contracts have significant benefits over the release of code into an Appchain’s binary: they benefit from a large library of testing tools, are easier to deploy and upgrade, and can be audited more efficiently.</p><p>To protect its ecosystem from the get go, Neutron would be secured by 175 validators and roughly 186M staked ATOM, worth $1.5Bn at the time of writing. This is made possible by a technology called Interchain Security, which lets validators from a Provider-Chain (e.g. the Cosmos Hub) produce blocks for a Consumer-Chain (e.g. Neutron). Node operators are rewarded with additional native tokens, but can be sanctioned if they fail to validate the Consumer-Chain. In a nutshell, Interchain Security would provide Neutron with the same degree of security as the Cosmos Hub, the 10th largest blockchain by value staked.</p><p>Neutron is Interchain-oriented: it supports the Inter-Blockchain Communication protocol (IBC), Interchain Accounts (ICA), as well as Interchain Queries (ICQ), at launch. Initially, Interchain Queries will be provided by a custom implementation developed by P2P, and upgraded to the official release once it is available. This allows any protocol deploying on Neutron to effortlessly communicate with the rest of IBC, and enables complex operations such as interchain liquid staking or cross-chain collateralization.</p><p>Last but not least, Neutron is permission-less: it is an open platform where anyone can deploy code to join the Interchain’s economy. Neutron is a neutral foundation on which anything can be built. It does not presume the worth of a project, and does not favor the interests of a protocol over that of another. Neutron is a public-good, owned by the community, by its users.</p><!--kg-card-begin: markdown--><p> </p> <!--kg-card-end: markdown--><h3 id="what-is-p2p">What is P2P?</h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P</a> is a professional validator and a non-custodial staking provider which secures more than $1.5Bn in assets across the industry.</p><p>A long-term contributor to the Cosmos ecosystem, P2P has been securing the Cosmos Hub since genesis. It participated in the ATOM fundraiser and regularly open-sources its tooling.</p><p>At P2P, we have a strong conviction in the Interchain’s vision, which is why we help secure sixteen Cosmos networks, including Kava, Agoric, Evmos, Oasis and others.</p><p>P2P is an established player with valuable relationships across the DeFi industry: we see the need for a secure, permission-less, well-connected and reliable smart-contract platform. So, we built Neutron.</p><p>Over the coming weeks and months, we will be sharing more details about Neutron. The future of the Interchain is bright, let’s build it together: join the conversation over on the <a href="https://forum.cosmos.network/t/proposal-bringing-liquid-staking-and-defi-to-the-cosmos-hub-with-interchain-security/">Cosmos Forum</a>.</p>

P2P Validator

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Moonbeam Moonbeam (GLMR) Staking Guide

<p>Looking to stake your GLMR but need help getting started? You've come to the right place. In this article we will be explaining in a easy step-by-step approach how to stake your GLMR. Let's get started. </p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-grey"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text">Prerequisites: All you need before we get started is a Metamask account and at least 50 GLMR!</div></div><h3 id="connect-to-the-moonbeam-dashboard">Connect to the Moonbeam Dashboard</h3><p>1. The first thing that you will want to do is to connect to the Moonbeam dashboard. Navigate to the following page and select Metamask:  <br>"<a href="https://moonbeam.network/tutorial/stake-glmr/">https://moonbeam.network/tutorial/stake-glmr/</a>" </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-4.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="1328" height="634" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/06/image-4.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/06/image-4.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-4.png 1328w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>If you are not signed in yet, Metamask will ask you to sign in. </p><p>2. Metamask will then ask you: a) which account you wish to connect to, b) permission to add the Moonbeam network to your Metamask, and c) allow the website to switch your network to the Moonbeam network. Approve each pop-up. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/img_01--1-.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="1137" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/06/img_01--1-.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/06/img_01--1-.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/06/img_01--1-.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/img_01--1-.png 2230w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>3. If you find that your account is still not connected to the Moonbeam dashboard, go back to your Metamask account. It may ask you to connect your account again.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-146.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="318" height="326"></figure><p>4. If you haven't yet deposited any GLMR to your Metamask account, you can do so by finding your address as shown in the image below: </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-144.jpg" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="352" height="592"></figure><p>5. Once you are connected to the dashboard, you will find information about your account including your available balance, staking balance, and even crowd loan rewards. </p><h3 id="how-to-stake-your-glmr">How to Stake your GLMR</h3><p>1. To stake your GLMR, head to the staking section in the dashboard. Scroll down and select "manage delegations". </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-8.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="664" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/06/image-8.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/06/image-8.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/06/image-8.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/06/image-8.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>2. Next you will have to select a Collator. Collators are responsible for validating blocks, and in return they will be recompensed with rewards. These rewards will then be shared with you, the delegator. More information about what collators are and how to select them here. Once you know who you will chose, click on "Select a Collator". </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-9.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="920" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/06/image-9.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/06/image-9.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/06/image-9.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/06/image-9.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>3. You can either select an active delegator or a waiting one. More information on how to chose a Collator here. For demonstrative purposes, I will select to delegate with P2P. Type in P2P and select this collator if you wish to delegate with us. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-11.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="548" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/06/image-11.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/06/image-11.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/06/image-11.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-11.png 2066w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>4. Next, enter the amount you wish to delegate (remember the minimum is 50 GLMR) and select "Delegate".</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-14.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="303" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/06/image-14.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/06/image-14.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/06/image-14.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/06/image-14.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>5. Metamask will prompt you to confirm the transaction. Select "Confirm".</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-145--1-.jpg" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="358" height="616"></figure><p><br>Thats it! You are now staking your GLMR and you will start compounding your funds. You can track your stake on your staking dashboard.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/06/image-18.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="674" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/06/image-18.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/06/image-18.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/06/image-18.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/06/image-18.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p><em>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</em></p><h3 id="about-p2p-validator"><br><strong><strong><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></strong></strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, more than 1.5 billion USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</p><p><em><em>Want to stake </em>GLMR<em> with us? Visit </em></em><a href="https://p2p.org/networks/moonbeam"><em>https://p2p.org/networks/moonbeam</em></a><em><em> to find out more about </em>Moonbeam<em> staking.</em></em></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Cardano Yoroi Cardano (ADA) Staking Guide

<p>Before you start, make sure that you have downloaded the <a href="https://yoroi-wallet.com/#/" rel="nofollow noopener noreferrer">Yoroi browser extension</a> and created a wallet. The first thing you will want to do once you have created a Yoroi wallet is to send some ADA to it.</p><h2 id="send-ada-to-your-yoroi-wallet"><strong>Send ADA to your Yoroi Wallet</strong></h2><p>1. To find your receiving address, select "Receive". <br></p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/370511950/0438020d732bb4c0435474a9/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>2.  Here you can generate a new address and copy your address by selecting the button displayed below (2). Always make sure that your address is copied properly.<br></p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/370514146/aff3ef367ca9669351066b00/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>You will then use this receiver address to send your ADA from the wallet you are sending it from. Transfers are quick and you should see your ADA in less than a minute. Once the ADA has been transferred you will be able to view it in your dashboard.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/370516395/dea6490176985e054424e799/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>You are now ready to Stake!</p><h2 id="delegate-to-validators"><br><strong>Delegate to Validators</strong></h2><p>1. Select "Delegation List"</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/370517334/62c80d0335f61d5be8f70792/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>2. Here you will find a list of validators to chose from. To find P2P Validator list of addresses input "P2P" in the text input field. Click on "Delegate" to select the pool you wish to stake with.<br></p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/370519473/e30669f2b018d1b1aa323b57/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>3. The total amount of ADA in your account will be staked (your ADA are never locked and can be transferred out of your wallet at anytime). Simply type in your spending password and select "Delegate" to confirm the transaction.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/370520334/00d1f50b44588b1602204ac1/Screenshot+2021-08-02+at+12.53.26.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>4. You will then receive a confirmation of your delegation transaction.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/370521518/63679cfbc14a92ac84541369/Screenshot+2021-08-02+at+12.55.59.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>Thats it, now you can enjoy holding your ADA with the additional benefit of compounding them!</p><h3 id="about-p2p-validator"><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, more than 1.5 billion USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Kava Kava 10 Upgrade Launch

<p>Kava is an open sourced, cross-chain, decentralised lending platform that runs on the Cosmos blockchain. The Cosmos ecosystem, referred to as the internet of blockchains, is a decentralised network of scalable and interoperable blockchains each with an independent governance structure. Interoperability is achieved through inter blockchain communications protocol (IBC) and is the key to simplify the access and interaction of a wide range of blockchain-enabled products and services. The ecosystem has and is still growing at a remarkable rate - attracting an impressive amount of attention in the crypto space. However, it still has some distance to cover in order to catch up with Ethereum in terms of attracting developers and the amount of applications it supports.<br><br>The Kava 10 upgrade brings a unique co-chain architecture that combines Ethereum and Cosmos into a single, scalable network.<br><br>Ethereum is massive. It is the 2nd blockchain in terms of market cap and has arguably the largest user and developer community and the most applications of all networks, but such popularity has also led to congestion. The resulting high transaction fees became an issue that could stall the growth of the ecosystem leading to the rise of layer 2 solutions to solve these inherent scalability issues. Ethereum also certainly loses the comparison with the Cosmos ecosystem in terms of interoperability, requiring cross-chain bridges to achieve this feature. Nevertheless, the utility of <a href="https://ethereum.org/en/developers/docs/evm/">EVM smart contracts</a> and a vast and established community of Solidity developers bring great value to Ethereum.<br><br>Kava 10 brings together the best of both worlds (representing a combined market cap of 300B USD and a large user base), serving as a IBC-compatible EVM-based chain where users will now have all the desired utility and features of Ethereum while benefiting from the fast finality and high-throughput of Tendermint PoS implementation. What's more, Cosmos and Ethereum users will soon be able to transfer this value amongst and between both ecosystems using IBC and emerging bridge projects.<br><br>This is provided by the new co-chain architecture of Kava 10. The existing Kava chain was transformed into the Cosmos co-chain, while a new Ethereum co-chain was introduced. They are linked by a translator module and are secured by a common Tendermint consensus engine. Such architecture enables users to work seamlessly with both environments at the same time.  </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/9fabfef84btmAYt-3-J__yFhFcWroWs9V-4uZB-JE33jHiT6KstcIM2RYBujXB6oB853MjqtE9b-JhYLQjFvk0PvEs7v3a_xkV1Jqbwfmzx1BB3JTx5HHZsCS4jZNvfzVg40-4TL0xsKZlt_3Q" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><h3 id="what-features-does-kava-10-bring"><strong>What features does KAVA 10 bring?</strong></h3><p>The ability to use Ethereum Dapps on alternative blockchains is on the rise. Moonbeam, Evmos, and others have already created their EVM to take advantage of the opportunity. Now comes Kava. <br><br>With the Kava 10 launch, the opportunities for both developers and users have just expanded massively. The main feature allows users to wrap and unwrap $KAVA as an ERC-20 token on metamask, making it usable across multiple apps on the ETH ecosystem. This is a huge step in bridging the Cosmos and Ethereum ecosystems together. Kava 10 turns on the Kava Network’s Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), which brings a big boost to DeFi protocols through access to various Automated Market Maker (AMM) smart contracts, oracles, subgraph indexing powered by The Graph and more.<br><br>With the launch of the Ethereum Bridge, projected to be released in Q4 2022 users and developers will be able to wrap IBC assets as ERC-20 tokens on the Ethereum chain while Ethereum and ERC-20 tokens can be wrapped on the Cosmos chain to be used across both DeFi ecosystems. This expands the opportunities and amount of incentives that can be provided which benefits both users and the protocols.<br><br>This upgrade comes in the wake of the Kava Pioneer Program, which has recently concluded with the goal of developing the Kava ecosystem, rewarding both projects and developers that contributed to it. With KAVA now available on the Ethereum network, the goal is to make KAVA adoption more mainstream. The Pioneer program is now followed by Kava Rise - a $750M developers rewards program. It is funded by 80% out of a 100% inflation which has been turned on for a year’s period in March 2022 - a great sign of the project’s commitment to support growth and development based on the new co-chain architecture. Coupled with the launch of the Ethereum bridge later this year, the growth instigated by the Pioneer &amp; Rise programs is expected to continue for the Kava ecosystem.</p><h3 id="conclusion"><strong>Conclusion </strong></h3><p>What Ethereum lacks Cosmos delivers. With Kava 10, developers can easily build on a network where its users will not suffer from high fees and slow throughput. In the end, this upgrade is a step forward towards a multi-chain future where multiple networks can coexist and benefit each other serving various needs.<br></p><h3 id="kava-special-offerfree-staking-for-3-months"><strong>KAVA special offer - free staking for 3 months!</strong></h3><p>To celebrate the Kava 10 launch we have decided to create a special offer for<a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%24KAVA&amp;src=cashtag_click"> KAVA</a> holders! Stake 50 000+ KAVA to receive 100% cashback on our commission for three months as well as individual client support with custom reporting! To get started - fill in our <a href="https://p2p.org/networks/kava">special form</a> or get in touch with our business development manager on <a href="https://t.me/shmemand">Telegram directly</a>. We will provide you with everything you need to get started!<br><br><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, more than 2.9 billion USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 25+ networks.<br></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Solana Lido on Solana: Validator's Set Vision

<p>Lido applies the same mission to all blockchains they participate in - to make staking simple, secure, and decentralized.  Each of the networks has its own specifics when it comes to "what a good validator set means”.</p><p>We propose a new way of developing the Lido validator's set on Solana and in our opinion, a sustainable and solid set should follow 3 principles:</p><p><strong>1. Validator set should be decentralized</strong></p><p>According to <a href="https://solanabeach.io/validators">Solana Beach</a>, there are currently 1,788 validators on Solana, giving the network a Nakamoto Coefficient of 25. This means that the top 25 validators control enough staked Solana to collude and attack the network. The<a href="https://spl.solana.com/stake-pool"> staking pool program</a> emerged with the goal to redistribute the stakes more evenly across the network. In our view, to create a decentralized set, we must adhere to the following rules:</p><ul><li>Increase the number of independent entities that create and maintain infrastructure for the network.</li><li>Increase censorship resistance by reducing the concentration of stake in the same data centers and jurisdictions.</li><li>Not distribute stake to the superminority group of validators.</li></ul><p>To make the Lido on Solana validator set more decentralized we plan to:</p><ul><li>Not add validators nodes from the superminority group to the Lido validator set</li><li>Increase the number of distributed nodes in the pool by removing barriers in the form of 100% commission nodes.</li><li>Bring in validators from other ecosystems and non-crypto projects.</li><li>Train new operators to configure and run nodes.</li><li>Assist validators with server configuration and data center location.</li><li>Onboard independent validators into the Solana cluster and Lido pool</li></ul><p><strong>2.</strong> <strong><strong>The set must be attractive for validators</strong></strong></p><p>To ensure a highly available and secure staking infrastructure, it is critical to consider the long-term sustainability of the operator and the ability to fund new equipment. Operators are responsible for managing risks, maintaining their node, ensuring the highest uptime possible, troubleshooting errors. To make the set more attractive to validators, we must adhere to the following rules:</p><ul><li>Operators must earn well enough to build a profitable, reliable staking business.</li><li>Validator nodes must be able to participate in subsidy programs (ex. SFDP)</li><li>Operators should receive marketing support to attract stakes.</li></ul><p>To make the Lido on Solana validator set more attractive to validators, we will do the following:</p><ul><li>Change the <a href="https://github.com/ChorusOne/solido">smart contract</a> by removing 100% of nodes and adding the ability to use a public node in a cluster to participate in the Lido program</li><li>Create a P&amp;L tool to calculate validator yield and share it with the community.</li><li>Provide marketing support to validators in Lido’s set to increase the stake on their public node and help to build a profitable staking business.</li></ul><p><strong>3. <strong>The validator set has to bring value to the network</strong></strong></p><p>Validator performance metrics are, in our opinion, one of the most important criteria for developing the Solana ecosystem. The faster, cheaper, and more sustainable the network, the easier it is to attract investments, partners, and NFT/DeFi/P2E project developers, leading to the development of a sustainable community and product ecosystem.  For DeFi users, speed of transactions is important; for oracles, the ability to quickly provide more detailed data on a large number of quotes; for developers, a better user experience; for stakers, greater rewards on average and higher SOL price growth potential<strong>.</strong></p><p>To make the set more productive and sustainable the following rules should be adhered to:</p><ul><li>Operators must understand the value of metrics and be able to compare their performance with the best on the network</li><li>Operators must be notified about software updates</li><li>Operators must understand how to update without downtime</li></ul><p>To make the Lido on Solana validator set more stable and productive, we will do the following:</p><ul><li>Publish our vision of "good validator" performance metrics</li><li>Make a public dashboard displaying validator metrics</li><li>Make a system of alerts for problems with validator performance in the pool</li><li>Conduct education and share best practices for validator management in Solana</li></ul><h2 id="conclusion">Conclusion</h2><p>There are ~384.5M SOL staked on the Solana network, of which only ~9.7M SOL is distributed among various staking pools. P2P has partnered with Lido and stSOL since their launch as a validator and has been involved in the development of TVL in collaboration with Lido through incentives, integrations, and more. We see great potential for the development of liquid staking, which will increase economic activity and the speed of the economy in a decentralized network.  </p><p>Three key principles will form the basis of our new strategy:</p><ul><li>Truly decentralize the validator network by simplifying entry and adding validators from other ecosystems.</li><li>Make the network economically attractive for validators by dropping 100% nodes and marketing support from Lido</li><li>Ensure that the validator set works better for the network to ensure transactions are passed and various applications are running on the network. </li></ul><p>If you have ideas or suggestions for achieving our principles, we are always open to community feedback and consider it very important.</p><p>Join the new validator set! Together we will make Solana even more decentralized and sustainable!</p><p><br></p><p><br></p>

Pavel Pavlov

from p2p validator

P2P's Stance on Terra Current State of Affairs

<p>At P2P Validator we have been closely following the current situation with Terra. By now everyone has had an opportunity to bring forward a solution and an <a href="https://agora.terra.money/t/terra-ecosystem-revival-plan-2-updated-and-final/18498">important proposal</a> has just been put up for onchain voting. We would like to express our position concerning the current state of things and ways to move forward.</p><p>In our governance decisions, we aim to maximize value for the community, represented by the following three groups:</p><ul><li>LUNA and UST holders from before the depeg event. This is the core community of the Terra ecosystem, including some long-time holders. We can assume that most of them had some degree of involvement, not just a short-term speculative interest. This is also the group which has suffered most from the fast crash of their investments. That is why we believe that any course of action should first prioritise the interests of these people. Inside this group, UST holders should be prioritised higher than LUNA holders, because the former invested on a promise of a low-risk, stable asset, while the latter worked with a naturally volatile asset - thus the difference in approach.</li><li>Protocol teams and validators. These are the key stakeholders for building value for the ecosystem, who have invested time and money to facilitate Terra’s growth. In addition to being harmed by the current situation, these are the only actors who can rebuild the ecosystem, thus creating new value, which can be used to repay other community members who suffered from the depeg. That is why we have to keep their interests in mind, as a second-level priority.</li><li>Post depeg holders of LUNA and UST. We should give a lower priority to their interests. These holders joined in on an extremely volatile asset, taking a risk to gain high rewards. The community is not responsible for providing them with an artificial safety net.<br></li></ul><p>And there is also TFL - a major stakeholder, whose actions during the crisis are questionable, with some legal action expected against them soon. We don’t believe that any plan should focus on protecting TFL as they should have been fully aware of the risks they were taking.</p><p>To sum up, old holders &gt; protocol teams &amp; validators &gt; new holders &gt;&gt; TFL.</p><p>Our options are currently few - we can either find a way to compensate the victims with existing funds (presumably from TFL/LFG) and stop the chain OR try to build new value to do that while also saving the ecosystem (presumably in the form of a new chain). The former option relies on the good will of TFL who are committed to option 2. There is just no valuable asset left in Terra to do that, so it seems like the only option we have is to build. The building option can follow three general paths:</p><ol><li>New chain under TFL’s leadership (i.e. <a href="https://agora.terra.money/t/terra-ecosystem-revival-plan-2-updated-and-final/18498">proposal 1623</a>) - we can save the ecosystem and the community, try to bring new value, albeit with a dubious leader ahead of the process, who, however, has been the only one capable of decisive actions on the ecosystem level since May 8. We will only be supportive of this proposal if we see a clear indication that TFL and LFG are excluded from the token distribution, TFL has a compelling vision for the new project, and TFL is not perceived as toxic by the community. We can not vote YES for such a proposal at the moment.The issues are: only one address excluded for TFL and none for LFG, no clear vision for the new chain, general disbelief from the community. However, we would support introducing an incentive program for TFL (e.g. tiered unlock of funds tied to the new chain’s market cap) if the aforementioned issues are solved - otherwise there is no reason for them to lead and participate if all their accounts are excluded at genesis.</li><li>New chain without TFL. Same as above, but the progress is to be driven by the community (most likely protocol teams + validators). This is a fresh start, but the success without a leadership structure in such turbulent conditions is questionable. We will be happy to support the proposals that follow this path if we see a new leadership team among the community members who can drive this endeavour.</li><li>Move projects to other chains and restart there. These might be a good option for some specific teams, but it leaves the victims of depeg alone.w</li></ol><p>P.S. Separately, there is an alternative path explored by the ‘Burn LUNA’ <a href="https://station.terra.money/proposal/1273">proposal</a>. This one in particular lacks sufficient detail to be accepted in such form. Specifically, it does not describe any clear benefits for the stakeholders, and the implementation plan is ambiguous. Nevertheless, we will conduct additional research to see if this line of thinking could be promising for the UST / LUNA holders.</p><hr><p><strong><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></strong></p><p><em><em><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong>more than </strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong>2.9<strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong> billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 2</strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong>5<strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong>,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></em></em></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Evmos Evmos Claiming & Staking Guide on Keplr Wallet

<p>We are all very excited about the Rektdrop that initially took place on the 2nd of March 2022. It is now possible to claim EVMOS tokens on your Keplr Wallet!</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-grey"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><strong><em><u>Prerequisites</u></em></strong><br>Before we proceed you will need to have the following: <br>1. A Keplr account<br>2. A Metamask account<br>3. A small amount of OSMO in your Keplr wallet.</div></div><p>  </p><h2 id="connecting-your-metamask-to-evmos-network"><strong>Connecting your Metamask to Evmos network</strong></h2><p>  <br>To claim your tokens on Keplr, you will need to import your Keplr account to your Metamask.  To do so, you will need your Metamask account to be connected to the Evmos network. Head to the <a href="https://chainlist.org/">Chainlist website</a>, type in Evmos and select "Connect Wallet" . </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-12.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="987" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-12.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/05/image-12.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/05/image-12.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/05/image-12.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Metamask will pop-up and ask you for a Signature Request which you need to sign to proceed. Next, approve the next pop-up that asks permission to add the Evmos network. A final request to switch the network to Evmos needs to be approved. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-23.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="1219" height="700" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-23.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/05/image-23.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-23.png 1219w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>You are now ready to claim your Evmos!<br>   <br> </p><h2 id="claiming-your-evmos-on-keplr-wallet"><strong>Claiming your Evmos on Keplr Wallet!</strong></h2><p>  <br>1. First go to the <a href="https://app.evmos.org/mission-control">official EVMOS dashboard</a> and connect your Keplr wallet in the top right hand corner. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-9.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="132" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-9.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/05/image-9.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/05/image-9.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/05/image-9.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>2. Here you will be able to verify your eligibility to receive EVMOS from the Rektdrop. If you see a positive number under "Total Tokens Claimable" you are good to go. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="956" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/05/image.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/05/image.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/05/image.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>3. If you are eligible select the Import button. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-10.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="956" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-10.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/05/image-10.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/05/image-10.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/05/image-10.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>4. Make sure that your Metamask is correctly connected to Evmos. You can check that you are connected to the Evmos network at the top of your metamask wallet extension. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-27.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="706" height="140" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-27.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-27.png 706w"></figure><p>After selecting "IMPORT" a pop-up will appear. <br><br>5. Again before you proceed, make sure that you have a small amount of OSMO (&lt;1) to execute the transaction. When you are ready select Import at the bottom of the pop-up. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-15.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="880" height="546" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-15.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-15.png 880w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>6. You will be prompted to Keplr to approve the IBC transfer. Select approve. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-17.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="348" height="122"></figure><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-grey"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text">You will now have to wait approximately 15 minutes for the import to execute. Only do it once and be patient.&nbsp;</div></div><p>7. Once executed, you can disconnect your Keplr Wallet from the Dashboard and connect your Metamask account. Next select the claim button. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-19.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="874" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-19.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/05/image-19.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/05/image-19.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/05/image-19.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>8. You will be redirected to a series of tasks to perform. Each time you perform a task you will receive 25% of the claimable EVMOS. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-20.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="1161" height="444" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-20.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/05/image-20.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-20.png 1161w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>As you already executed a IBC Transfer (mission 3), you should already have claimed some of your EVMOS. </p><h3 id="mission-1-vote-on-a-governance-proposal"><em>Mission 1: Vote on a governance proposal. </em></h3><p>Its pretty straight forward,  first select "Vote" and it will redirect you to the governance page. Select a proposal and confirm your vote. </p><h3 id="mission-2-staking-your-evmos"><em>Mission 2: Staking your Evmos. </em></h3><p>1. Go to the official Evmos UI <a href="https://app.evmos.org/mission-control">here</a>. Once there, make sure that your Metamask wallet is connected. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-69.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="371" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-69.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-69.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-69.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/04/image-69.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>2. Go the staking page: <a href="https://app.evmos.org/staking">https://app.evmos.org/staking</a></p><p>3. Next, select "View Validators"</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-74.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="920" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-74.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-74.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-74.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/04/image-74.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>4. Find the Validator of your choice and select "Manage".</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-75.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="116" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-75.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-75.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-75.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-75.png 2224w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>5. A pop up will appear with a small description of your validator. To continue select "Delegate". </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-76.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="852" height="652" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-76.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-76.png 852w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>6. Enter the amount you wish to stake and select "Delegate". </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-79.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="856" height="873" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-79.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-79.png 856w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>7. A pop up from Metamask will appear asking you to confirm the transaction. Select "Sign" to do so. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-21.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="365" height="134"></figure><p>8. Thats it! You can verify your staking balance on the staking page as indicated in the image below. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-83.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="305" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-83.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-83.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-83.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/04/image-83.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>You can unstake your EVMOS at anytime. The cooling down period is 14 days, after that your tokens will be transferable!</p><h3 id="mission-3-execute-an-ibc-transfer"><em>Mission 3: Execute an IBC Transfer</em></h3><p>You will have already accomplished this task when you imported your Keplr Wallet to Metamask. </p><h3 id="mission-4-use-the-evm"><em>Mission 4: Use the EVM</em></h3><p>To complete this mission, you need to interact with a dApp on Evmos. Go back to the <a href="https://app.evmos.org/mission-control">Missions Control page</a> on the dashboard, and scroll down until you see "APPS ON EVMOS". You can execute a transaction or interact with a smart contract in any of those apps to receive your remaining EVMOS. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-22.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="804" height="560" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/05/image-22.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/05/image-22.png 804w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>A simple way to complete this mission is to use <a href="https://diffusion.fi/">Diffusion Finance</a> and perform a small swap transaction. </p><p>Thats it, you should now have received all your Evmos tokens!</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-grey"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><strong>Now repeat the steps in the "<em>Mission 2: Staking your Evmos" </em>and stake the rest of your EVMOS is you want to benefit from compounding your EVMOS.</strong></div></div><p>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</p><hr><p><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></p><p><em><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong><strong>more than </strong></strong></strong></strong>2.9<strong><strong><strong><strong> billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 2</strong></strong></strong></strong>5<strong><strong><strong><strong>,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></strong></em></p><p><em>Want to stake EVMOS with us? Visit <a href="https://p2p.org/evmos">https://p2p.org/evmos</a> to find out more about Evmos staking.</em></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Evmos, Cosmos Evmos Relaunch Frequently Asked Questions

<p>We love to see the excitement surrounding the EVMOS relaunch! We want to make sure that all participants are clear of any doubts during this event so we have gone through the forums and community channels and collected the most commonly asked questions and answered them below. <br><br>Before we begin, here is the Evmos relaunch rollout plan (estimated timeline): </p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-grey"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><strong>Phase 1 (day 1): </strong><br>✅ Evmos enabled <br>❌ Airdrop disabled<br>❌ Staking rewards disabled <br>❌ IBC transactions (e.g. to/from Cosmos and Osmosis) disabled <br><br><strong>Phase 2 (day 3-4): </strong><br>✅ Evmos enabled<br>✅ Airdrop enabled<br>❌ Staking rewards disabled <br>❌ IBC transactions (e.g. to/from Cosmos and Osmosis) disabled<br><br><strong>Phase 3 (at minimum 5-6 days after relaunch)</strong><br>✅ Evmos enabled<br>✅ Airdrop enabled<br>✅ Staking rewards enabled<br>✅ IBC transactions (e.g. to/from Cosmos and Osmosis) enabled</div></div><h2 id="faq"><strong><u>FAQ</u></strong><br></h2><p><strong>Q: When will mainnet be relaunched?</strong></p><p>A: Mainnet will restart on the 27 April 2022, and will continue off at block 58700.</p><p><strong>Q: If I claimed and/or staked before mainnet failure do I have to do it again?</strong></p><p>A: No you will not have to. The chain will continue as it was one block before the mainnet failure.</p><p><strong>Q: What about the remaining 25% to claim?</strong></p><p>A: You will be able to claim the remaining 25% once IBC transactions are enabled in PHASE 3, at minimum 5-6 days after relaunch.</p><p><strong>Q: When will claiming and staking features be enabled?</strong></p><p>A: Staking will be enabled at the same time as relaunch, on the 27th of April. Note that staking rewards will be enabled in Phase 3, at minimum 5-6 days after relaunch. Claiming the airdrop will not be live until Phase 2 (3-4 days after the relaunch). </p><p><strong>Q: When will staking rewards be enabled?</strong></p><p>A: In the spirit of fairness, rewards will be disabled until Phase 3, at minimum 5-6 days after relaunch to give everyone a fair chance to claim.</p><p><strong>Q: Who is eligible to claim?</strong></p><p>A: If you staked <strong>OSMO</strong>, or <strong>ATOM</strong>, or paid gas on top dApps on <strong>Etherium </strong>before Nov 26th 2021, you are likely to be eligible for Evmos airdrop. You can find more information on eligibility in the following article under “<a href="https://evmos.blog/the-evmos-rektdrop-abbe931ba823">Rektdrop Eligibility</a>”. </p><p><strong>Q: What wallets can be used to claim and stake my EVMOS?</strong></p><p>A: Currently only Metamask. To claim on Keplr we hav to wait for IBC transfers to be enabled. Ledger connections will work very soon too. Staking rewards are disabled until everyone has a fair chance to claim. </p><p><strong>Q: Where and how do I claim my tokens?</strong></p><p>A: An updated guide will be provided shortly after relaunch.</p><p><strong>Q: How long do I have to claim my EVMOS tokens?</strong></p><p>A: There is no timeline yet.</p><p><strong>Q: What happened during the mainnet failure?</strong></p><p>A: The Evmos team found a critical security vulnerability that required a quick upgrade. This upgrade was ill-tested and caused several double-signing errors requiring the chain to be halted to solve the issue.</p><p><strong>Q: Can I buy Evmos?</strong></p><p>A: There currently is no exchange to purchase EVMOS, however it is estimated that a Evmos DEXs will be set shortly after mainnet. Later we may also see exchange services provided by Osmosis zone, Diffusion Finance, Cronus Finance, Exswap, Evmoswap... Look out for the one with the most liquidity. One of them will probably win the race and become the dominant DEX</p><p><strong>Q: Can I transfer my Evmos?</strong></p><p>A: Yes, once the chain is relaunched transfers will work within Evmos. IBCs will be enabled soon after the relaunch.</p><p><strong>Q: What dapps are built on Evmos?</strong></p><p>A: You can find a list of dapps coming to Evmos <a href="https://github.com/tharsis/awesome">here</a>.</p><p><strong>Q: What is Diffusion?</strong></p><p>A: <a href="https://chaindebrief.com/all-you-need-to-know-about-diffusion-finance/">Diffusion Finance</a> is a Uniswap V2 fork, one of the first AMMs for Evmos — an EVM that leverages the Cosmos SDK enabling use cases around composability, interoperability and fast finality.</p><p><strong>Q: How to access to Testnet?</strong></p><p>A: Tech doc to set up the node: <a href="https://evmos.dev/testnet/join.html">https://evmos.dev/testnet/join.html</a>. Instructions to get some tokens:  <a href="https://evmos.dev/testnet/faucet.html">https://evmos.dev/testnet/faucet.html</a></p><p><strong>Q: Where can I find Evmos official announcements?</strong></p><p>A: You can follow Evmos Official announcements on their <a href="https://twitter.com/EvmosOrg">Twitter</a>, <a href="https://t.me/EvmosAnnouncements">Telegram</a>, or <a href="https://discord.com/invite/spqPzhHT">Discord</a>. </p><hr><h3 id="about-p2p-validator">About P2P Validator</h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong><strong><strong><strong>more than </strong></strong>2.9<strong><strong> billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 2</strong></strong>5<strong><strong>,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong></strong></strong></strong></p><p>Want to stake EVMOS with us? Visit <a href="https://p2p.org/evmos">https://p2p.org/evmos</a> to find out more about Evmos staking.</p><p>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

NuCypher, Threshold Threshold Staking Guide

<p>The <a href="https://www.nucypher.com/">NuCypher Network</a> has merged with the <a href="https://keep.network/">KEEP Network</a> to form the <a href="https://threshold.network/">Threshold Network</a>. We have checked the <a href="https://docs.nucypher.com/en/latest/">official instructions</a> and summarised all the steps required to stake T in this short guide.</p><p>If you have an existing NU/KEEP stake, you can withdraw it and then upgrade tokens to T and stake. However if you are subject to a vesting agreement, your unvested stake will not be immediately withdrawable, but you can still stake it in Threshold. You will find instructions in the second part of this guide.</p><h3 id="how-to-stake-t-when-you-have-liquid-tokens-nu-or-keep"><strong>How to stake T when you have liquid tokens (NU or KEEP)</strong></h3><p>1. If you have staked NU or KEEP you need to withdraw the tokens first. You can do it on <a href="https://stake.nucypher.network/manage/withdraw">NU dashboard</a> or <a href="https://dashboard.keep.network/overview">KEEP dashboard</a>. Just follow the link, connect your wallet and click the withdraw button.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="1256" height="584" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image.png 1256w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>2. Upgrade your NU/KEEP tokens to T via the <a href="https://dashboard.threshold.network/upgrade.)">Threshold Network Dashboard</a>. Connect your wallet and click “upgrade token”. It will ask you to enter an amount of NU/KEEP and convert it to T.</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-purple"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><em>Notice that the vending machine contract uses a static conversion ratio and remains available indefinitely, so please be safe, take your time, and confirm everything!</em></div></div><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/1.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="595" height="608"></figure><p>3. Stake your T-tokens using the <a href="https://dashboard.threshold.network/staking">Threshold Dashboard</a>. Click the stake button. You will see a pop-up with staking process details. Just fill in the check-box that you read the requirements, choose an amount of T for staking, and confirm the transaction.</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-purple"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><em>The minimum stake amount is 40,001 T. The UI won't stop you if you try to stake less than 40,001 T. However, your staking tx will fail and you will have wasted the gas fee. Be careful.</em></div></div><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/3.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="536" height="651"></figure><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/2.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="530" height="731"></figure><p>4. The last step to start getting rewards  - bond your stake with a PRE node operator address.</p><p>If you have more then 3,000,000 T you may rent a ready-to-use node from P2P. Contact us via <strong>[email protected]</strong> or telegram <strong>@ztonnis</strong>. We will prepare and send your personal node address. After that, you should <a href="https://stake.nucypher.network/manage/bond">bond this node with your stake</a>. Just connect your wallet, copy-past the received node address and click “Bond Operator”. </p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-purple"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><em>What does it mean to rent a node? Our dedicated DevOps team will do all the technical work for you. A nominated account manager will help with all your questions about the Threshold network. </em><br><br><em>We guaranty fast and quality 24/7 support. Our team has close connections with the Threshold team and deep technical expertise. We invested our own funds in the project in 2017 and intend to support the network in the long term.</em></div></div><ul><li>Minimum stake is 3,000,000 T</li><li>P2P fee is 8% + $400/month/node</li></ul><p>To run the node we pay for robust infrastructure and a professional DevOps team. If you want to stake less than 3,000,000 T, it will be unprofitable for you to rent a node due to the fee. We want to keep an honest low fee for our clients and therefore set this minimum stake. However, you can still join your stake with somebody or <a href="https://docs.nucypher.com/en/latest/pre_application/running_a_node.html#running-a-node">run the node</a> by yourself (if you have the technical knowledge and a free server).</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-56.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="1123" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-56.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-56.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-56.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-56.png 2000w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>That’s all. You will receive rewards denominated in the native T tokens. You can see the statistics and withdraw your rewards on the <a href="https://dashboard.threshold.network/overview/network">Threshold dashboard</a>.</p><h3 id="how-to-stake-t-when-you-have-locked-nu-tokens"><strong>How to stake T when you have locked NU tokens</strong></h3><p>There are only 2 steps, to stake your locked NU tokens:</p><p>1. Stake your NU via <a href="https://stake.nucypher.network/manage/stake">NuCypher dashboard → stake</a>. Note that the staking balance here differs from the number in the previous step. Its UI feature, 40,001 T on the bonding page equals 12,274 NU on the staking page (1 NU = 3.259 T).</p><p>There may be a UI bug on the threshold dashboard showing migrated stakes. You can use <a href="https://stake.nucypher.network/manage">NuCypher dashboard</a> to check it.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-3.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="1286" height="634" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-3.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-3.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-3.png 1286w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>2. Bond your stake with a PRE node operator address as in the last paragraph above via <a href="https://stake.nucypher.network/manage/operator">NuCypher dashboard → manage operators</a>. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-55.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="1123" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-55.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-55.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-55.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-55.png 2000w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><hr><h3 id="about-p2p"><strong><strong><strong>About P2P</strong></strong></strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only top-notch staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong><strong>more than 3 billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 20,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong></strong> We are early NU investors committed to provide long term support for the network.</p><p>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.<br></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Crescent Crescent Liquid Staking Guide!

<p>This tutorial helps you claim, stake and manage CRE tokens using the <a href="https://www.keplr.app/">Keplr Browser Extension</a> together with the <a href="https://crescent.network/">Crescent UI</a>. </p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-grey"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text">Before you start you will need a <a href="https://www.keplr.app/">Keplr Account</a></div></div><p>   </p><h2 id="what-is-crescent-network"><strong>What is Crescent Network? </strong></h2><p>The <a href="https://crescent.network/">Crescent network</a> aims to create innovative DeFi tools through advancements in inter-blockchain technology. If you delegated ATOM before 01-01-2022 00:00:00, you may be eligible to receive their native token CRE!<br>   </p><h2 id="what-is-cre-liquid-staking"><strong>What is CRE Liquid Staking?</strong></h2><p>Liquid staking allows participants to earn staking rewards without the need to lock their assets.</p><p>When liquid staking you will receive bCRE which is the token that represents staked CRE. bCRE lets you earn staking rewards for holding these tokens in your wallet. They are fully liquid, so you can use them for your needs at any time — trade, sell, exchange, invest in DeFi projects, etc.<br><br>When you unstake your bCRE, you will get more CRE than what you originally liquid staked. The extra CRE that you received after unstaking are the rewards that you earned during your time staking. <br>   </p><h2 id="how-to-stake-cre"><strong>How to Stake CRE</strong></h2><ol><li>The first thing you'll want to do is to go to: <a href="https://app.crescent.network/staking">Crescent staking page</a>.</li><li>Once there, connect your Keplr wallet: select "Connect Wallet" in the upper right corner. </li></ol><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-8.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="861" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-8.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-8.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-8.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/04/image-8.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>3. A pop-up will appear to select which wallet you would like to connect. Select Keplr Wallet. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-9.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="760" height="360" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-9.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-9.png 760w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>4. If you have not already logged into your Keplr account, a pop-up will appear to do so. Enter your password to log in. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-29.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="473"></figure><p>5. You will be asked to add Columbus and Cresent blockchain to Keplr. Next you will have to approve the crescent app connection to your Keplr account. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-33.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="518"></figure><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-34.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="513"></figure><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-35.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="515"></figure><p>6. You can view your eligibility to claim CRE through the following website: <a href="https://app.crescent.network/airdrop">https://app.crescent.network/airdrop</a>. <br><br>If eligible, you will have claimed 20% of the CRE you can receive from the airdrop. In the next section "<strong>Claiming the remaining CRE from the Airdrop" </strong>we will show you how to retrieve the rest. <br><br>You should now be able to see your CRE balance on both your Keplr account and the Crescent staking page. On Keplr wallet, select the networks on the top of the extension and your balance will be indicated as shown in the image below.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-43.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="430"></figure><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-19.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="357"></figure><p>7. To start staking, go to the Crescent staking page where your balances should now be shown. Enter the amount to stake in the input field. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-24.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="852" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-24.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-24.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-24.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/04/image-24.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>8. A pop-up will appear to approve the staking request transaction. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-36.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="571"></figure><p>9. You will see a confirmation of your stake being completed in the top right hand corner of the Crescent staking page. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-26.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="713" height="227" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-26.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-26.png 713w"></figure><p>You are now the owner of bCRE! You can view your bCRE balance in your Keplr Wallet. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-37.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="350" height="550"></figure><p>Thats it!  You are now successfully staking and will receive your staking rewards upon unstaking. <br>  </p><h2 id="claiming-the-remaining-cre-from-the-airdrop"><strong>Claiming the remaining CRE from the airdrop!</strong></h2><p>1. You will notice that upon liquid staking the first time, you will receive an additional 20% CRE from the airdrop.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-44.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="1210" height="988" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-44.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-44.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-44.png 1210w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>2. To receive the next 20%, go to Crescent's <a href="https://app.crescent.network/swap">swap page</a>. Select which tokens you wish to swap, and make a transaction of any size. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-54.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="444" height="505"></figure><p>Approve the transaction. When completed, you will receive another 20% from the airdrop. </p><p>3. Next go to <a href="https://app.crescent.network/farm">Crescent's farm page</a>. Select a pool that you wish to add liquidity with. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-51.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="956" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/04/image-51.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/04/image-51.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/04/image-51.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/04/image-51.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Select any amount you wish to deposit into the pool. You must hold both tokens.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/04/image-53.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="419" height="500"></figure><p>Approve the transaction. When completed, you will receive another 20% from the airdrop. </p><p>4. The last 20% can be claimed by participating in a governance proposal vote. When a proposal is submitted, go to Crescent's <a href="https://app.crescent.network/gov">governance page</a> and place your vote. You will then receive the last CRE from the Airdrop. </p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-grey"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">💡</div><div class="kg-callout-text">Once you have claimed your CRE, you can then repeat the process of liquid staking the additional CRE that you just received.&nbsp;</div></div><p>   <br>You can find more information on <a href="https://docs.crescent.network/introduction/liquid-staking">Crescent official docs page</a>. <br><br>Thank you for your interest in the Crescent network!</p><hr><h3 id="about-p2p"><strong><strong><strong><em>About P2P</em></strong></strong></strong></h3><p><em><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only top-notch staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong><strong>more than 3 billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 20,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong></strong> We are early Web3Auth investors committed to provide long term support for the network.</em></p><p><em>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.</em></p><p></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Lido, Solana P2P to Run Lido on Solana

<p><br>On April 11, P2P took ownership of Lido on Solana becoming the new team in charge of its growth and development, with the goal to build-out the project in alignment with Lido’s, Solana’s and P2P’s values. <br><br>Liquid Solana Staking was launched on Lido in September 2021 with the collaboration of Chorus One as an initiative to grow the presence of Lido across staking networks. Thanks to the members involved, the project has reached 3,000,000+ SOL staked and achieved numerous stSOL integrations. P2P has been involved since the beginning of the year, participating in boosting TVL in collaboration with Lido through their incentivization program, Liquidity Providers launches and Protocols integrations.</p><p>Due to some organisational changes at Chorus One, a <a href="https://research.lido.fi/t/lido-on-solana-proposed-transition-from-chorus-one-to-p2p/1887">proposal was passed</a> to transfer the ownership of Lido on Solana to P2P. <br><br>“We are incredibly grateful to Chorus One for all their hard work on the development and initial launch of the project, they have laid a solid foundation for us to grow its success and presence within the flourishing Solana ecosystem.” - <strong><em>Vasiliy Shapovalov, CTO at P2P</em></strong><br><br>The exact terms and timelines of the transition to P2P can be found here: <a href="https://research.lido.fi/t/lido-on-solana-proposed-transition-from-chorus-one-to-p2p/1887">Lido on Solana - Proposed Transition from Chorus One to P2P.</a><br><br>Lots of work still needs to be done. Solana was among the networks with the highest growth in 2021 (going up to 6th in market cap) and the requirements and standards of the community are high.<br><br><em>“P2P Team has outstanding staking expertise in Solana. We will do our best to make Lido on Solana highly valuable for the ecosystem by improving validator conditions and standards, driving the DeFi ecosystem and increasing new users growth” </em><br>- <em><strong>Nikolai Abeliashev, Product Manager for Lido on Solana </strong></em><br><br>P2P Validator  have cemented themselves as one of the pillars of the staking community, working closely with each network to achieve maximum growth.<br></p><h2 id="plan-to-be-executed"><strong>Plan to be executed</strong></h2><p><br>As an initiative to improve Solana’s network performance &amp; security, and to empower the community, P2P plans to focus on improving Solana Network decentralisation by bringing new node operators and increasing the number of validators part of the Supermajority (a large group of validators that together control 66.66% of the total stake) into Solana on Lido’s set. The decision to add new node operators will be based on validator historic performance (parameters to be annotated soon), ecosystem participation and general validating experience purchased. Through educational programs and clear performance metrics, P2P will ensure a high standard of operations that will be available on a public dashboard with open validator performance data. Lastly, by providing clear commission instructions and by balancing the number of validators and stakes in the pool, P2P plans to fairly distribute the profitability for validators. <br><br>Further, with $300+ million in staked SOL, Lido on Solana can expand its presence within the <a href="https://solana.lido.fi/defi">Solana Defi Community</a> further through unique integrations with value-adding protocols, wallets and dapps, incentivisation programs and community initiatives.</p><p>A dedicated team has been set up to carry out the above plan and ensure what was promised, is delivered.<br><br>With Lido on Solana under new ownership, exciting times are ahead for the project.  Quality &amp; performance improvements, transparency of validation, boosting DeFi economics, and of course attracting more users are all in this year's goals.</p><h2 id="what-is-sol-liquid-staking"><br><strong>What is SOL liquid staking?</strong></h2><p><br>Liquid staking allows participants to earn staking rewards without the need to lock their assets or the need to maintain the infrastructure required.</p><p>stSOl is Lido’s liquid staking token for Solana. With it users can earn staking rewards while being able to participate in DeFi protocols at the same time. stSOL can also be exchanged at any time for SOL to let users instantly unstake their tokens without the need to wait for the cooldown. Unstaking directly from Lido is still possible but you are subject to the 3 day cooldown before you get access to your tokens.</p><p>stSOL is a wrapped token, this means that when staking with LIDO your staking rewards accrue to the wrapper and the value of stSOL increases over time. The current exchange rate of stSOL - SOl can be found in the <a href="https://solana.lido.fi/">staking page</a> at all times.</p><p>stSOL can be used in a variety of expanding DeFI protocols across the Solana ecosystem. A list of guides for different protocols can be found <a href="https://help.lido.fi/en/collections/3275637-liquid-staking-on-solana">here</a>. With liquid staking you can earn additional income on your tokens, while still earning staking rewards. For example, you can provide liquidity on a stSOL - SOL trading pair to earn fees from the pool on top of the staking rewards. Lido on Solana are looking to expand the number of protocols and use cases for stSOL so keep an eye out for new developments on their social media channels.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://lido.fi/solana" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Get started by visiting Lido on Solana! </a></div><p></p><h2 id="about-p2p-validator"><strong>About P2P Validator </strong></h2><p><br>P2P Validator began in 2018 with a mission to positively influence the development of POS technologies. Since our launch we have developed to become one of the largest staking service providers with more than 25,000 investors across 25+ different networks. We work closely with each network we support to push the developments of each project to new limits. We are firm believers in the value of decentralisation and participate in active governance across all supported networks to ensure the interests of the community are supported. We were honoured to be chosen as one of the validators for networks like Solana, Cosmos and Polkadot since the genesis block, a feat that shows the vote of confidence on P2P's ability to keep networks secure.</p><p>Beginning as seed investors and validating from the genesis block, we have shown tremendous support to the Solana ecosystem since day one and are now trusted with over $400m under management. Our proficiency is shown not only by our excellent validating track record &amp; our published research papers written on network performance (<a href="https://www.stakingrewards.com/journal/solana-validators-performance-research-report-part-1-downtime-analysis/">Downtime</a>, <a href="https://www.stakingrewards.com/journal/solana-validators-performance-research-report-part-2-skip-rate-analysis/">Skip Rate</a>, more to come) to improve the network health and development, but also by our involvement across projects including <a href="https://portalbridge.com/#/transfer">Wormhole Bridge,</a> <a href="https://pyth.network/">Pyth</a>, and <a href="https://neon-labs.org/">Neon EVM</a> to help build Solana’s network infrastructure.</p><hr><p>If you have any questions, feel free to join our<a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"> Telegram chat</a>, we are always open for communication.<br><br><br><br><br></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Auth P2P Joins Auth Network as an Early Guardian

<p>Lost seed phrases and private keys led to<a href="https://interestingengineering.com/140-billion-in-bitcoin-is-lost-due-to-forgotten-passwords"> the loss of more than hundred billions worth of digital assets</a>. Complexity of access elements and key management implies a tangible entry barrier for non-technical users who want to explore crypto ecosystems. Auth Network (prev. Torus Network) is a decentralized key management protocol that helps facilitate seamless access to a variety of services offering an elegant solution to those problems without sacrificing security.</p><p>Private keys get split to multiple pieces and in order to access a desired service a person needs to have any two of them. The first share is stored on the user’s device and the second share is managed by the social log-in provider which is further split among a crucial network of node operators. The third share is decided by the user for added security. <strong>This approach provides a remarkable level of security and simplifies key recovery.</strong></p><p>Open and accessible network allows to achieve a higher level of sovereignty over the keys making it possible to use ordinary Web2 flow to access Web3 services. Web3Auth’s pluggable SDKs can be integrated with any Web3 Application or Wallet in just under a few minutes and the users can enjoy an intuitive, seamless and non-custodial onboarding experience.</p><p><em>P2P is thrilled to join as the Auth Network Guardian to ensure secure key management within the system. The solution is fully in line with our mission of making interactions with crypto simple and secure.</em></p><p>Our team has deep expertise in operating highly-available infrastructure. We use best security practices, custom monitoring and alerting systems to ensure high efficiency of our nodes. P2P provides 24/7 technical support, transparent reward reporting and our support team is always ready to help.</p><h3 id="about-auth-network"><strong>About Auth Network</strong></h3><p>Auth Network is a decentralized and secure key management layer that uses threshold cryptography to secure users’ private keys and is operated by a diverse group of professional staking providers. Web3Auth - company that launches the initiative, is integrated with over 500 dApps and wallets and secures over 9 million keys and successfully raised ~$13M from industry leading investment firms including Sequoia Capital, USV, Multicoin Capital and many others.</p><p>Learn more by visiting <a href="https://web3auth.io/">Web3Auth.io</a>,<a href="https://twitter.com/web3auth"> Twitter</a> or<a href="https://t.me/web3auth"> Telegram</a>. If you are a dApp developer, explore potential integration options<a href="https://docs.web3auth.io/"> here</a> and join the discussion on<a href="http://discord.gg/web3auth"> Discord</a>.</p><h3 id="about-p2p"><strong>About P2P</strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security  practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence  of digital assets and offer only top-notch staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong>more than 3 billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 20,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong> We are early Web3Auth investors committed to provide long term support for the network.<br><br><br></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Pocket P2P Validator Joins Pocket Network as a Node Operator

<p>Pocket network eliminates dependence on a centralized middleware service by providing API for decentralized applications (dApps). In order to function dApps need to have continuous access to blockchain data. Usage of a single source of truth puts in <a href="https://cryptobriefing.com/infura-outage-sparks-debate-over-ethereums-decentralization/">doubt the decentralization aspect of the infrastructure</a>, compromising the security of the Dapps built on top of it. Pocket allows to drastically improve censorship resistance by providing multiple network node operators an incentivized opportunity to serve requests for a variety of blockchains.</p><p>A diverse geographic distribution of node operators and their ability to use various client software improves the decentralization side of dApps. At the time of writing, more than 2000 applications use Pocket to access data through the network of 30,000+ node operators. The number of requests serviced per day grew 10x during the last 6 month showing that <strong>demand for decentralized data access is growing</strong>.</p><p><em>We are excited to announce that p2p.org launched the P2P pool to service requests for dApps across blockchains supported by Pocket Network. Joining Pocket Network as a node operator is fully aligned with our mission to make crypto services accessible and secure.</em></p><p>We provide an opportunity to POKT token holders to participate in our pool and contribute to dApp censorship resistance, with a minimum stake set to 151k POKT. To get onboarded visit <a href="https://p2p.org/pocket">p2p.org/pocket</a>. <br><br>Every pool participant will have a personal manager and regular reward reports. P2P has diverse experience in maintaining robust infrastructure and has a professional team of DevOps engineers to ensure high availability and efficiency. We develop custom monitoring systems and provide 24/7 technical support.</p><h3 id="about-pocket-network"><strong>About Pocket Network</strong></h3><p>Pocket is a decentralized network of node operators servicing data requests from dApps across 10+ renowned blockchains such as Ethereum, Solana, Avalanche to name a few. It allows dApps to benefit from a decentralized API, increasing cost efficiency and censorship resistance. Pocket is supported by reputable investors including Arrington Capital, Republic Capital, RockTree Capital and many others.</p><p>Learn more by visiting the<a href="https://www.pokt.network/"> Pocket website</a>,<a href="https://twitter.com/POKTnetwork"> Twitter</a> or <a href="https://t.me/POKTnetwork">Telegram</a>. If you’re a developer or a node operator, explore possibilities <a href="https://docs.pokt.network/home/">here</a> and join the discussion on <a href="https://bit.ly/POKTARCADEdscrd">Discord</a>. To connect your dApp to decentralized infrastructure visit the<a href="https://portal.pokt.network"> Pocket Portal</a>.</p><h3 id="about-p2p"><strong>About P2P</strong></h3><p><a href="https://p2p.org/?utm_source=p2p_agoric_announcement&amp;utm_medium=blog_post&amp;utm_campaign=announcement_about_p2p_agoric&amp;utm_id=2">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading staking provider with the best industry security practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only top-notch staking opportunities. At the time of the latest update, <strong>more than 3 billion of USD value is staked with P2P Validator by over 25,000 delegators across 25+ networks.</strong> P2P is an early Pocket Network investor committed to providing long term support for the ecosystem.<br></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Evmos Evmos Network Overview

<p>Evmos is a vital piece in the Cosmos ecosystem as it plans to bring a Cosmos SDK built, PoS blockchain that is compatible with Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) smart contracts.</p><h2 id="current-network-state">Current network state</h2><p>The Cosmos ecosystem, referred to as the internet of blockchains, is a decentralised network of scalable and interoperable blockchains each with an independent governance structure. Interoperability is achieved through inter blockchain communications protocol (IBC) and is the key to simplify the access and interaction of a wide range of blockchain-enabled products and services. The ecosystem has and is still growing at a remarkable rate - attracting an impressive amount of attention in the crypto space. However, it still has some distance to cover in order to catch up with Ethereum in terms of the number and variety of applications it supports. </p><p>Ethereum is massive. It is the 2nd blockchain in terms of market cap and has arguably the largest user base and the most applications of all networks, but such popularity has also led to congestion. The resulting high transaction fees became an issue that could stall the growth of the ecosystem leading to the rise of layer 2 solutions to solve these inherent scalability issues. Ethereum also certainly loses the comparison with the Cosmos ecosystem in terms of interoperability. Nevertheless, the utility of EVM smart contracts and a vast and established community of Solidity developers bring great value to Ethereum.<br><br>Evmos brings together the best of both worlds, enabling developers to utilise the functionality of EVM while enjoying the features of the Cosmos architecture. Evmos serves as the first IBC-compatible EVM-based chain, bringing composability, interoperability, and fast finality to Ethereum. Users will now have all the desired utility and features of Ethereum while benefiting from the fast finality and high-throughput of Tendermint PoS implementation. What's more, Cosmos and Ethereum users will be able to transfer this value amongst and between both ecosystems using IBC and emerging bridge projects.<br><br>The ability to use Ethereum Dapps on alternative blockchains has become a multi-billion dollar feature of web3, positioning Evmos as a potential leader in Cosmos' contribution to the web3 ecosystem.   <br>    </p><h2 id="token-allocation">Token allocation</h2><p>Evmos will have an initial supply of 200 million tokens at launch. The distribution will be amongst <a href="https://evmos.blog/the-evmos-rektdrop-abbe931ba823">Rektrdop participants</a> (50%), strategic reserve (40%) and the community pool (10%). This is a unique feature of Evmos’ token distribution model. This airdrop does not benefit large token holders of other blockchains, nor will there be an early pre-sale which often results in issues for the decentralisation of token holdings. Rektdrop will result in an even distribution of tokens amongst an unusually wide group of community members. That means that the blockchain will be purely community-driven since the to-be-distributed EVMOS is the governance token for its namesake chain.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/Yiue9kUquIz5wBbZnEi6MIv9_tXw4XsSuDMGyLPxdbbonPPR4WEvrAnqM2ySu9-XMUi2ynCCSTwwJBi1daMAhMhlZ66MsuofiQn_GF4JUnrJSk35R5pxz1K4Bg6vZ6gYFO33h1j3" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>Evmos will start off by being highly inflationary, with 300 million tokens being issued in the first year but dropping every year with the goal of 1 billion tokens being issued after 4 years. It is assumed that after this time, a new inflationary model will be proposed through governance.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/UxlLngsi46FiCKT3eU67QyGjkZBcaK42EyG1EzR_mqQ7sUSoXutind12UOfvtIu0O30aUUHvY1Jemg0MFrS3t4H1VKa_H-Qf_-MYTPbYX4BPhU9KLoFGpqOVWJ52Fv-L1TvAj5C1" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>Issued tokens will be distributed in the following way:</p><ul><li>40% to staking rewards</li><li>25% to team vesting</li><li>25% to usage incentives</li><li>10% to community pool</li></ul><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/KNFOS_mWwMP41I8bMX45P_SpkEhlIeZvJ36kzgBNqLXCHM8kv3qyiVifJxtpXFUS7-IQ6FR4PhKpbD7JQYmfiPoJ1d5bDujYvDR7PiUAg1wNAqu4yyrbPj9JOCnUJkWGVuifkcWd" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>The key novelty here is the blockchain’s attitude towards developers. Usually the validators are the sole benefactors of the rewards system. This is not the case with Evmos - this blockchain focuses on building a developer’s community around its main feature (EVM smart contracts compatibility) and claims that developers are equally important for the project, while still acknowledging the role of network operators. This concept is implemented in the form of dApps Store which creates a reward mechanism for developers based on the value and impact of their application.<br>  </p><h2 id="token-utility">Token utility</h2><p>Other than paying for transaction fees on the Evmos network, each EVMOS token will give rights to participate in staking and governance.<br><br><strong>Staking</strong><br>Staking is the mechanism used to secure the network. It is the process of bonding coins/tokens (stake) in order to earn rights to participate in the "validation" of new blocks, and in doing so are compensated with rewards. Token holders can “delegate” their EVMOS tokens rights to Validators. Delegators are incentivised to delegate to a Validator that acts according to the best interests of the network as a whole.<br> <br><strong>Governance</strong><br>Evmos gives token holders the rights to submit and vote on proposals to better the network. Evmos stakers who do not vote will inherit the vote of their validator.<br>   </p><h2 id="staking-evmos">Staking Evmos</h2><p>Validators play a crucial role, with their core responsibilities being validating transaction blocks and ensuring the security of the Evmos network. Validators may also decide to operate oracles, secure bridges, governance and much more. </p><p>Token holders can “delegate” their EVMOS tokens to the validators they wish. Validators will validate blocks of transactions on their behalf, earn rewards proportionally to the represented stake, and the network will redistribute it to their delegators after deducting a fee for the service they provide. Validators will set fees for their services, with a minimum of 5% of staking rewards earned.<br><br>The top 150 validators, based on the amount of EVMOS delegated to them, will be selected to participate in the validation of transaction blocks. </p><p>40% of newly-issued tokens as well as a portion of transaction fees will be allocated to staking rewards and will be redistributed to validators and delegators. Validators can also receive up to a 5% bonus by coordinating between each other to reduce their chances of empty blocks proposals.<br>    </p><h2 id="slashing-risk">Slashing risk</h2><p>Evmos have implemented slashing to incentivise validators to conduct themselves and for delegators to select trustworthy validators. Validators who act in the following ways will see both their self-stake and their delegators’ stake slashed:</p><ul><li><strong>Double-signing:</strong> signing two or more blocks at the same height.</li><li><strong>Downtime: </strong>validator missing a significant amount of blocks.</li><li><strong>Unavailability:</strong> validator that is offline for a significant amount of blocks.</li><li><strong>Poor security:</strong> validator acts in a way where their security is compromised. <br>    </li></ul><h2 id="useful-links">Useful links<br></h2><ul><li><strong>Website:</strong> https://evmos.org/</li><li><strong>Documentation:</strong> https://evmos.dev/</li><li><strong>Guides:</strong> Coming soon</li><li><strong>Twitter:</strong> https://twitter.com/EvmosOrg</li><li><strong>Telegram:</strong> <a href="https://t.me/EvmosOrg">https://t.me/EvmosOrg</a></li></ul><hr><h2 id="about-p2p">About P2P </h2><p><a href="https://p2p.org/">P2P Validator</a> is a world-leading non-custodial staking provider with the best industry practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities securing more than 2.4 billion of USD value.<br><br>At the time of the latest update, P2P Validator is trusted by over 10,000 delegators across 25+ networks. We are a major player in all networks we support because of our experience, commitments and our reputation. We pay special attention to the process of governance. P2P has the intention to contribute and provide long term support to the Evmos network.</p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Terra Terra (LUNA) Terra Station + Ledger Staking Guide

<p>We will start by setting up your wallet. If you already have a wallet you can skip the Wallet Setup section.</p><h2 id="wallet-setup"><strong>Wallet Setup</strong></h2><p>Start by downloading the Terra Station Wallet from the official <a href="https://www.terra.money/#1" rel="nofollow noopener noreferrer">website</a>:</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/365865010/14c8f27f7d47d8100f5c5188/image.png" class="kg-image" alt="Download Terra Station" loading="lazy"></figure><p>Install the Terra app on your ledger Wallet:</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/365891709/77c3262fd23b22bcc1417802/image.png" class="kg-image" alt="Ledger Terra app installation" loading="lazy"></figure><p>Connect your ledger wallet to Terra Station. To do that simply press Connect and select "Access with Ledger", while having the Terra app open on your ledger wallet:</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/365884031/3164723205c6feac34a63e26/image.png" class="kg-image" alt="Connect Terra station to Ledger" loading="lazy"></figure><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/365884772/68b82b3728b0e4de19ac469e/image.png" class="kg-image" alt="Connect Terra station to Ledger" loading="lazy"></figure><p>Congrats your ledger wallet should now be connected to Terra Station. Now you just need to deposit funds to that address.</p><h2 id="how-to-stake"><strong>How to Stake</strong></h2><p>Navigate to the Staking page on your Terra Station:</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/365897401/4182652a1238ba6c35b93be1/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>Select P2P validator from the list:</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/365901947/8b9ce81a7ec4ece766bfd7bb/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>Press the Delegate button and input the amount you want to delegate:</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://downloads.intercomcdn.com/i/o/365903235/acf0c0b8d806890718f50e9f/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy"></figure><p>Confirm the transaction on your ledger and you are set. You will now start earning rewards. Please be sure to always leave a small amount of funds undelegated to pay for transaction fees.</p><p>Please note that rewards are distributed approximately every 10 seconds and you will have to manually claim them.</p><p>If any questions arise, whether on LUNA staking or not, feel free to contact us via <a href="https://twitter.com/p2pvalidator">Twitter</a>, <a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking">Telegram</a>, or <a href="https://p2p.org/#contact-us">email</a>.</p><hr><p><strong><strong><strong><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></strong></strong></strong><br><a href="https://p2p.org/"><em><em><em><em>P2P Validator</em></em></em></em></a><em><em><em><em> is a world-leading <strong><strong><strong><strong>non-custodial staking provider</strong></strong></strong></strong> with the best industry practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities securing more than 3<strong><strong><strong><strong> billion of USD</strong></strong></strong></strong> value at the time of the latest update.</em></em></em></em></p><p><em><em><em><em>P2P Validator is <strong><strong><strong><strong>trusted by over 24,000 delegators</strong></strong></strong></strong> across 25+ networks. We are a major player in all networks we support because of our experience, commitments and our <strong><strong><strong><strong>reputation</strong></strong></strong></strong>. We pay special attention to the process of governance. <strong><strong><strong><strong>P2P </strong></strong></strong></strong></em></em>has<em><em> </em></em>the<em><em> intention to contribute and provide long term support to the</em></em> </em>Terra<em> (</em>LUNA<em>)<em><em> network.</em></em></em></em></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Staking Which PoS Token Should I Stake?

<p>We understand that the Proof of Stake (PoS) ecosystem has grown immensely and is still growing at a quick pace. There is now such a large array of network tokens that can be purchased and staked that it can be difficult to know which ones to go for. <br><br>Our team provides exhaustive financial analysis to provide support for only top-tier staking networks. We have been early participants and stakers for networks such as XTZ, ATOM, SOL, DOT, MINA... and proven to have a knack for choosing highly successful networks to stake with. Below we provide you with descriptions, links, and staking mechanics for our list of tokens that we offer staking services for to help you decide which token is best suited for your preferences!<br><br>The following content is for educational and informational purposes only and of a general nature; we make no warranties or representations, whether express or implied, and accept no responsibility, including in relation to the accuracy, completeness, nature, quality, fit for the purpose, or reliability of the content. We recommend you take independent legal, financial, tax, and/or other professional advice before making any decisions. We are not responsible for any information obtained through the links below or otherwise.</p><h2 id="staking-mechanics">Staking Mechanics</h2><p>Below is a table with the staking mechanics for each token we stake. Depending on your circumstances and/or preferences, this will help you select which tokens you would like to stake.  </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/03/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="1608" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/03/image.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/03/image.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/03/image.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/03/image.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><h2 id="token-descriptions">Token Descriptions</h2><p>Below we provide you with a quick overview of each tokens' network to help raise your interest. We provide links to their website, white papers, our staking page, and to our guides to help you further inform yourself and get started with your staking journey. </p><p>  </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-33.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-33.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-33.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-33.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-33.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>The Cosmos ecosystem, referred to as the internet of blockchains, is a decentralised network of scalable and interoperable blockchains each with an independent governance structure. With its unique feature of independent sovereignty, blockchains built on cosmos do not need to rely on underlying governance rules, simplifying and increasing the speed for fixes and upgrades. At its core, Cosmos hub is a blockchain that serves as the primary connectivity point in the ecosystem, and in the future it is going to provide shared security among all networks built in the ecosystem. Cosmos native token, ATOM, serves the purpose of paying for transaction fees, can be used to vote on proposals, and can be staked to earn block rewards and helps secure the network. The ecosystem has and is still growing quickly and grabbing a lot of attention in the crypto space.<br><br><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://cosmos.network/">https://cosmos.network/</a><br><strong>White paper: </strong><a href="https://v1.cosmos.network/resources/whitepaper">https://v1.cosmos.network/resources/whitepaper</a><br><strong>Twitter: </strong><u>https://twitter.com/cosmos</u><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/cosmos">https://p2p.org/cosmos</a><br><strong>Guides: </strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5925248-cosmos-atom-ledger-live-staking-guide">Ledger</a>, <a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5382165-keplr-ledger-cosmos-atom-staking-guide">Kepler + Ledger</a>, <a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5382175-imtoken-comos-atom-staking-guide">ImToken</a></p><p>  </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-34.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-34.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-34.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-34.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-34.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Polkadot is a layer 0, decentralised, parallelised multi-chain blockchain system with the main goals being security and building interoperability amongst networks. Interoperability is the key to blockchain usability, allowing to leverage each blockchains value amongst each other. The architecture of Polkadot consists of the main relay chain and its multiple parachains. The relay chain is responsible for governance and ensuring shared consensus amongst all parachains. Parachains are individual networks with their own use case which all share their state with the relay chain, and can communicate amongst each other to avoid relay chain congestion. Separate blockchains can also be linked to the Polkadot ecosystem via bridges. With its experimental sister chain - Kusama - developed as a testing environment network for Polkadot, as well as its use of treasury, the Polkadot network is also designed around innovation and rapid implementation.<br><br><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/economy/helping-you-select-the-right-token-to-stake/"><a href="https://polkadot.network/">https://polkadot.network/</a></a><br><strong>Twitter: </strong><a href="https://twitter.com/Polkadot">https://twitter.com/Polkadot</a><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/polkadot">https://p2p.org/polkadot</a><br><strong>Guides: </strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5454305-polkadot-dot-ledger-live-staking-guide">Ledger</a>, <a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5276295-polkadot-js-ledger-polkadot-dot-staking-guide">Polkadot.js + Ledger</a>, <a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5454917-polkadot-js-polkadot-dot-staking-guide">Polkadot.js no ledger</a></p><p>   </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-31.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-31.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-31.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-31.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-31.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Solana is a smart contract platform with a high-performance permissionless blockchain, solving scalability issues suitable for decentralised applications requiring high throughput. Using a Proof-of-History (PoH) consensus mechanism, Solana has the capacity to handle an impressive 710,000 transactions per second with extremely low transaction fees. PoH is similar to PoS, however it uses an element of time providing specific timestamps to blocks, improving the organisation of block validation and allowing for a quicker sequencing. Using the RUST programming language, Solana enables the creation of smart contracts which can be run in a parallel manner. Solana has experienced extraordinary growth and brand recognition and is one of the stronger cryptocurrencies in 2021.<br><br><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://solana.com/">https://solana.com/</a><strong><br>White paper: </strong><a href="https://solana.com/solana-whitepaper.pdf">https://solana.com/solana-whitepaper.pdf</a><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><a href="https://twitter.com/solana">https://twitter.com/solana</a><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/solana">https://p2p.org/solana</a><strong><br>Guides: </strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5480760-phantom-solana-sol-staking-guide">Phantom</a>, <a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5246608-solflare-solana-sol-staking-guide">Solflare</a>, <a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5447923-solflare-ledger-solana-sol-staking-guide">Solflare + Ledger</a></p><p>     </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-35.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-35.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-35.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-35.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-35.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Kusama is a more experimental version of Polkadot, allowing networks to build and test cheaper and quicker before potentially launching on Polkadot. Kusama is a decentralised parallelised multi-chain blockchain system with the main goal of building interoperability amongst networks. Interoperability is the key to blockchain usability, allowing to leverage each blockchains value amongst each other. The architecture of Kusama consists of the main relay chain and its multiple parachains. The relay chain is responsible for governance and ensuring shared consensus amongst all parachains. Parachains are individual networks with their own use case which all share their state with the relay chain, and can communicate amongst each other to avoid relay chain congestion. Separate blockchains can also be linked to the Kusama ecosystem via bridges. Even if Kusama is usually seen as a testnet for Polkadot, it merits to be considered as a standalone project. <br> <br><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://kusama.network/">https://kusama.network/</a><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><a href="https://twitter.com/kusamanetwork">https://twitter.com/kusamanetwork</a><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/kusama">https://p2p.org/kusama</a><strong><br>Guides: </strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5439391-polkadot-js-kusama-ksm-staking-guide">Polkadot.js</a>, <a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5439392-polkadot-js-ledger-kusama-ksm-staking-guide">Polkadot.js + Ledger</a></p><p>  </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-51.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-51.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-51.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-51.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-51.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>The Graph is a decentralized protocol for indexing blockchain data making information more accessible for developers to develop usable dapps for Web3. Indexing is the process of organising blockchain data into subgraphs which allows developers and dapps to find and make use of information in a much quicker manner by simply querying for it. <em>Indexers</em>, like P2P Validator, stake GRT tokens and run nodes in order to index subgraphs, and by doing so earn GRT token rewards. <em>Curators</em> use GRT tokens to signal which subgraphs they believe are the most interesting to index and will earn rewards if their subgraph becomes popular in the future. <em>Delegators</em>, can delegate their GRT tokens to indexers to earn a portion of the indexing rewards earned by indexers. Using this architecture, theGraph manages to create a trustless and decentralised system for organising blockchain data, with the vision of becoming the google of blockchains. GRT is a utility token, deeply involved in the Network economics on day-by-day basis.<br><br><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://thegraph.com/en/">https://thegraph.com/en/</a><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><a href="https://twitter.com/graphprotocol">https://twitter.com/graphprotocol</a><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/thegraph">https://p2p.org/thegraph</a><strong><br>Guide: </strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5439378-metamask-the-graph-grt-staking-guide">Metamask</a> </p><p>  </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-32.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-32.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-32.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-32.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-32.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Tezos is an open-source blockchain network for peer-to-peer transactions. It serves as an decentralised application platform for deploying and executing highly secure smart contracts in a simple manner. It raised an impressive $232M during its ICO in July 2017 and managed to ride out the bear market out, reaching all time highs of $3.80 in Feb 2020. Tezos solves some of the drawbacks of Ethereum: High gas fees, disagreements on upgrades, and smart contract issues. Tezos is one of the first to run a delegated proof of stake (Dpos) consensus mechanism, where “bakers” (such as P2P Validator) secure and manage the network by validating transactions and are advocates in the governance of the chain. Unlike other blockchains, Tezos uses a self-amendment process to upgrade without the need for long winded and costly forks. New proposals are brought forwards and voted on by bakers. If enough support is given to the proposal, it is tested and executed. XTZ token holders can delegate their tokens to bakers who support their vision, creating a democratic and decentralised system for the growth of the network.<br><br><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://tezos.com/">https://tezos.com/</a><br><strong>White Paper: </strong><a href="https://wiki.tezosagora.org/whitepaper">https://wiki.tezosagora.org/whitepaper</a><br><strong>Twitter: </strong><u>https://twitter.com/tezos</u><br><strong>P2P Staking Page:</strong> <a href="https://p2p.org/tezos">https://p2p.org/tezos</a><br><strong>Guides: </strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5448853-trust-wallet-tezos-xtz-staking-guide">Trust Wallet</a>, <a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5336393-kukai-wallet-tezos-xtz-staking-guide">Kukai Wallet</a></p><p>  </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/03/image-1.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/03/image-1.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/03/image-1.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/03/image-1.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/03/image-1.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Kava is an open sourced, cross-chain, decentralised lending platform that runs on the Cosmos blockchain. Users can use their cryptocurrencies as collateral in exchange for their stable coin, USDX. Users of the Kava platform will receive KAVA for their participation. Once a loan is returned, lenders will need to pay a “stability” fee in KAVA tokens which gets burned and reduces the overall supply of KAVA tokens. KAVA is an inflationary token but the increase in supply is distributed to stakers. Therefore, KAVA stakers could see high returns as they receive staking rewards to combat the inflationary aspect of KAVA, but also see their tokens increase in value once the Kava platform activity grows and more KAVA tokens get burned to pay for fees.</p><p><strong><strong>Website: </strong></strong><a href="https://www.kava.io/">https://www.kava.io/</a><strong><strong>‌</strong></strong><br><strong><strong>‌Twitter: </strong></strong><a href="https://twitter.com/kava_platform">https://twitter.com/kava_platform</a>‌<br>‌<strong><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong></strong><a href="https://p2p.org/kava">https://p2p.org/kava</a><strong><strong>‌</strong></strong><br><strong><strong>‌Guide: </strong></strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5470329-keplr-wallet-kava-staking-guide">Keplr</a></p><p>   </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-37.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-37.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-37.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-37.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-37.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Cardano is a third generation blockchain based on fundamental research with a goal to provide a highly scalable smart-contract platform for financial and social decentralised applications. Its Ouroboros PoS system ensures a highly secure and scalable way to grow sustainably and ethically - combining unique technology, mathematically-verified mechanisms, behavioural psychology and economic philosophy. Using a treasury growing from fees, Cardano manages to incentivise innovation by rewarding contributions made by their community.  Cardano seeks to fulfil cross chain bridges through KMZ side chains in order to ensure the highly valued interoperability aspect that is needed for blockchain technology to grow in usability. Cardano has already generated positive global impact with their digital identity verifications system used for Ethiopian students.<br><br><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://cardano.org/">https://cardano.org/</a><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><a href="https://twitter.com/Cardano">https://twitter.com/Cardano</a><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/cardano">https://p2p.org/cardano</a><strong><br>Guides: </strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5265052-daedalus-ledger-cardano-ada-staking-guide">Daedalus + Ledger</a>, <a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5460203-yoroi-cardano-ada-staking-guide">Yoroi</a></p><p>   </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/07/image.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/07/image.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/07/image.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/07/image.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/07/image.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Threshold is a decentralised secret management network where a group of nodes (workers) perform a suite of cryptography services. It allows safe data exchange without the ability for proxies to learn the plain text info. Correctness of worker behaviour is guaranteed by staking and cryptographic proofs. Additional token emission incentivizes node operators to maintain high availability infrastructure and in the case of network rules violation a portion of their holdings will be slashed. <br>  <br>Important: Minimum stake is 3M $T<br><br><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://threshold.network/">https://threshold.network/</a><br><strong>Twitter: </strong><a href="https://twitter.com/TheTNetwork">https://twitter.com/TheTNetwork</a><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/networks/threshold">https://p2p.org/networks/threshold</a></p><p>   </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-38.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-38.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-38.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-38.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-38.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>IRISnet is a service infrastructure and protocol built using the Cosmos SDK and Tendermint consensus layer. The aims to be one of the first regional Cosmos network hubs outside of the Cosmos Hub. The IRIS Hub, an independent Proof-of-Stake (PoS) blockchain, will serve as the "center" of the IRIS network that will connect the other zones within the IRIS network both to each other and to the greater Cosmos ecosystem. IRISnet's service infrastructure and modules for adjacent zones will aim to support DeFi applications.</p><p><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://www.irisnet.org/">https://www.irisnet.org/</a><br><strong>Whitepaper: </strong><a href="https://github.com/irisnet/irisnet/blob/master/WHITEPAPER.md">https://github.com/irisnet/irisnet/blob/master/WHITEPAPER.md</a><br><strong>Twitter: </strong><a href="https://twitter.com/irisnetwork">https://twitter.com/irisnetwork</a><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/irisnet">https://p2p.org/irisnet</a></p><p>   </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-39.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-39.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-39.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-39.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-39.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Crypto-collectibles have gained a lot of traction and non-fungible tokens (NFT) widespread adoption and popularity is growing quickly. Due to Ethereum scaling limitations and aggravating user experience, a new blockchain platform that could address mainstream consumer scale needs, while offering an unparalleled user experience was needed. Flow is a layer-1 blockchain built for the next generation of apps, games, and the digital assets that power them. Using Flow, users can build and own digital assets and trade them on open markets. Flow is designed for better user experience with multi-role architecture that allows the achievement of speed improvements without sharding, ensuring composability of applications. Resource oriented programming and upgradeable smart-contracts provide flexibility for developers. Flow has the potential to become the leading platform for building decentralised gaming applications and power the growth of crypto-collectible economies, already attracting some big players such as Ubisoft, La Liga, UFC, NFL, NBA, and more.</p><p><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://www.onflow.org/">https://www.onflow.org/</a><br><strong>Twitter: </strong><a href="https://twitter.com/flow_blockchain">https://twitter.com/flow_blockchain</a><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/flow">https://p2p.org/flow</a><br><strong>Guide(s): </strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5660767-flow-flow-blocto-staking-guide">Blocto</a>, <a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5616032-flow-flow-ledger-flow-port-staking-guide">Flow port + Ledger</a></p><p>   </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-40.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-40.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-40.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-40.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-40.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Oasis protocol is a decentralised privacy-preserving platform for cloud computing that allows safe data sharing and ownership, enabling computationally complex applications. Oasis provides confidentiality at every layer of the protocol. The network is secured by proof-of-stake where the rectitude of validators responsible for consensus and nodes providing computations is provided by slashing in case of misbehaviour. At the outset, validators are incentivized by gradually decreasing emission schedule and transaction fees. Oasis native token is a staking unit with limited liquidity and low volatility serving the purpose of securing the network and incentivizing nodes to follow the protocol rules. Transaction fees are also denominated in ROSE as well as a payment for provided computations.</p><p><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://oasisprotocol.org/">https://oasisprotocol.org/</a><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><u>https://twitter.com/OasisProtocol</u><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/oasis">https://p2p.org/oasis</a><strong><br>Guides:</strong> <a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5595660-oasis-rose-staking-guide">Oasis official wallet</a></p><p>   </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-41.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-41.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-41.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-41.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-41.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Terra protocol is a public blockchain built using the cosmos SDK with the intention to create a mass payment processing system as well as creating algorithmic stablecoins. By using a decentralized oracle, users can mint stable coins with the native token LUNA as collateral. Luna can also be used to pay for network transaction fees, participate in governance votes and be staked to secure the network and earn rewards. Arbitrators can profit from arbitraging the peg between the stablecoins, thus also helping ensure a fixed price. The Terra ecosystem is rapidly growing at the moment with new DeFI and NFT projects popping up everyday.</p><p><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://www.terra.money/">https://www.terra.money/</a><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><a href="https://twitter.com/terra_money">https://twitter.com/terra_money</a><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/terra">https://p2p.org/terra</a><strong><br>Wallet: </strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5430133-terra-luna-terra-station-ledger-staking-guide">Terra station + Ledger</a></p><p>    </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-42.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-42.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-42.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-42.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-42.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p><a href="https://p2p.org/near">NEAR Protocol</a> is an open-source platform built to streamline the development and growth of decentralized applications (dapps). NEAR is designed with security and performance at the core, allowing developers to create applications which manage high-value assets including money, identity and contractual information, whilst at the same time allowing for quick and efficient access. With a focus on providing developers with a clean, user-friendly experience, NEARs approach to development is one focused around accessibility and scaling blockchain applications to accelerate the world’s transition to open, decentralized technologies. The protocol is a public, sharded, developer-friendly, proof-of-stake blockchain, making it an efficient platform due to its scalability and ease of use. NEAR is compatible with Ethereum 1.0 today providing a complete integration with Solidity contracts (without the need for rewrites). Furthermore, an ETH-NEAR bridge allows for cross-chain interoperability and communication. This provides developers with flexibility and removes the need to fully commit to just one tech stack.</p><p><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://near.org/">https://near.org/</a><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><a href="https://twitter.com/nearprotocol">https://twitter.com/nearprotocol</a><strong><br>Whitepaper: </strong><a href="https://near.org/papers/the-official-near-white-paper/">https://near.org/papers/the-official-near-white-paper/</a><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/near">https://p2p.org/near</a><br><strong>Guide: </strong>​​<a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5439407-near-near-staking-guide">Near Wallet</a></p><p>    </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-44.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-44.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-44.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-44.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-44.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>The Mina protocol is best described as the world's lightest blockchain. It has been built to maintain a constant size of 22 kb no matter how much it grows in usage. This allows any user to verify the whole protocol history since it’s genesis block without needing large amounts of storage. This is achieved by using recursive zero-knowledge proofs (zk-SNARKs), to verify that the information is valid without needing to reveal it. This constant size also allows the network to scale in terms of decentralisation since it’s much easier for anyone to run a node. The native token, MINA, is required to participate in block production. It can also be used to purchase SNARK proofs via the Snarketplace. Snapps (SNARK-powered decentralised apps), allow MINA participants to benefit from a vast array of use cases. Potential use cases include Verification of Asset Ownership and Proof of Trade. Both aim to solve current DeFI problems that users experience everyday.<br><br><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://minaprotocol.com/">https://minaprotocol.com/</a><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><a href="https://twitter.com/MinaProtocol">https://twitter.com/MinaProtocol</a><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/mina">https://p2p.org/mina</a><strong><br>Guides: </strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5307251-clorio-mina-mina-staking-guide">Clorio</a>, <a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5326940-auro-mina-mina-staking-guide">Auro</a>, <a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5341996-stakingpower-mina-mina-staking-guide">StakingPower</a></p><p>  </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-47.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-47.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-47.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-47.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-47.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Elrond is a massively scalable, fast and secure blockchain that utilises sharding to achieve incredibly cheap and fast transactions. This is realised by using “Adaptive State Sharding'' which combines three different sharding types, State, Transactions and Network sharding. Elrond also utilises a novel approach to Proof-of-Staking called “Secure Proof of Stake”. This streamlines and optimises a lot of the computational work resulting in better network performance. The Elrond network also supports a native token, eGold, that is used to pay for transaction fees and reward stakers for securing the network. As a way to reward developers and increase network adoption, Elrond allows 30% of the smart contracts fees to be earned as royalties.<br><br><strong>Website: </strong><u>https://elrond.com/</u><strong><br>Whitepaper: </strong><u>https://elrond.com/assets/files/elrond-whitepaper.pdf</u><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><u>https://twitter.com/ElrondNetwork</u><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/elrond">https://p2p.org/elrond</a><strong><br>Guides: </strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5822135-elrond-egld-staking-guide-with-elrond-web-wallet">Elrond Wallet</a>, <a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5856803-elrond-egld-staking-guide-with-maiar-mobile-wallet">Maiar</a></p><p>  </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-50.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-50.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-50.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-50.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-50.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Agoric is a secure JavaScript smart-contract platform that allows developers to reuse a set of trusted components to build decentralised applications (dapps). Critical smart-contract bugs result in million dollar losses for developers and users of dApps. They are still considered risky and difficult to use. Agoric simplifies building an application allowing developers to focus on it's purpose and makes interaction with contracts much safer. With the Zoe framework developed by Agoric even a buggy contract won't lead to the loss of funds put inside as they become automatically escrowed. Another well-known problem is a lack of developers in crypto. Inflow of new talents can boost the ecosystem’s growth adding to composability. JavaScript remains the most fast-growing programming language having over 10 millions developers all over the world. We believe that a composable framework built by Agoric is capable of attracting a significant portion of JavaScript developers into the space.</p><p><strong>Website: </strong><u>https://agoric.com/</u><strong><br>Whitepaper: </strong><u>https://agoric.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/12/Agoric-White-Paper-v1.0-1.pdf</u><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><u>https://twitter.com/agoric</u><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/agoric">https://p2p.org/agoric</a><strong><br>Guide: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/economy/staking-agoric-with-keplr-wallet/">Keplr</a></p><p>  </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-45.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-45.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-45.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-45.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-45.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Agriculture sustainability and its impact on climate change is potentially one of the most important problems we need to tackle. Soil erosion and land degradation not only has an effect on farmers and the food we eat, it also branches out to water quality, the energy sector, urban infrastructure, and our landscapes - compromising the well-being of billions of people around the world. The acknowledgment of the environmental crisis is set and increasing, and consumer demand for environmentally friendly products is growing fast. Technological advancement allows us to achieve incredible results in this area if used correctly. Regen has built a platform for ecological agreements between brands and farmers and uses blockchain technology - built into the Cosmos ecosystem - to bring trust and transparency towards the verification of the data and ensures the outcome of contracts created. Sustainability and blockchain technology are inevitable and are both in its early phases. By holding and staking Regen you will be supporting their planetary regenerations efforts with the potential to see high returns if both industries grow.</p><p><strong>Website: </strong><u>https://www.regen.network/</u><strong><br>Whitepaper: </strong><u>https://regen-network.gitlab.io/whitepaper/WhitePaper.pdf</u><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><u>https://twitter.com/regen_network</u><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/regen">https://p2p.org/regen</a></p><p>    </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-53.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-53.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-53.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-53.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-53.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Persistence is a DPoS layer 1 blockchain built within Cosmos, with the aim of creating an ecosystem of multi-chain dapps providing Web3 products focused on DeFi, NFTs, and PoS solutions. Persistence provides a SDK toolkit to easily build dapps connected to the main chain. Each dapp runs their own chain but are all secured within the Persistence blockchain. Not only will each dapps easily interact with each other, they will be able to take advantage of Cosmos’ IBC, allowing the transfer of tokens and information to multiple other blockchains outside Cosmos. Its native token is XPRT, a utility token used to pay for fees among the dapps in the Persistence ecosystem. These fees will be placed in a pool and redistributed to XPRT token holders who are staking. If the ecosystem attracts high demand, this could result in significant returns for early XPRT token holders. Additionally, the XPRT token also gives you the right to participate in governance, giving you a say in the direction of the network. Persistence has the backing of large and reputable institutions such as Terra, Tendermint, Interchain, Alameda research, and more.<br><br><strong>Website: </strong><u>https://persistence.one/</u><strong><br>Whitepaper: </strong><u>https://persistence.one/static/media/whitepaper.aa159390.pdf</u><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><u>https://twitter.com/PersistenceOne</u><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/persistence">https://p2p.org/persistence</a><strong><br>Guide: </strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5949674-persistence-xprt-staking-guide-keplr-ledger">Keplr</a></p><p>  </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-46.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-46.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-46.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-46.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-46.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Moonriver is a smart-contract parachain on Kusama and was created as a test environment for Moonbeam - a smart contract Polkadot platform. New code will be tested on Moonriver under real economic conditions first, and once proven it will move to Moonbeam. Moonbeam is a developer orientated ethereum-compatible smart contract parachain on Polkadot. This allows for Solidity (programing language used on Ethereum) based smart contracts to be deployed on the Polkadot network with little configuration required. Moonbeam bridges the Polkadot and Ethereum ecosystem, a major milestone for the interoperability goals set by Polkadot allowing both ecosystem . MOVR is a utility token for Moonriver, with its functions being: support of gas metering of the execution of smart contracts, incentivising Collators, governance, and paying transactions fees on the network. Lastly, you can stake MOVR tokens and earn staking rewards to compound your balance.</p><p><strong>Website: </strong><u>https://moonbeam.network/networks/moonriver/</u><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><u>https://twitter.com/MoonriverNW</u><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/moonriver">https://p2p.org/moonriver</a><strong><br>Guide: </strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5671204-moonriver-movr-staking-guide">Metamask</a></p><p>    </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-43.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-43.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-43.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-43.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-43.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Marlin is a collection of open protocols built to provide the infrastructure required to run decentralised blockchains and applications. Marlin is chain agnostic and can be used by several layer-1 and layer 2 protocols to leverage the speed and scalability provided. The native network token, POND, can be used to vote on governance proposals, compensate users from the insurance fund and to secure the network via staking, allowing participants to earn rewards while doing so. The Marlin protocol leverages speed and scalability to be able to achieve web 2.0 performance in a world of decentralisation. Latencies of less than 150ms can be achieved without compromising on decentralisation.</p><p><strong>Website: </strong><a href="https://marlinnetwork.com/">https://marlinnetwork.com/</a><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><a href="https://twitter.com/MarlinProtocol">https://twitter.com/MarlinProtocol</a><strong><br>Whitepaper: </strong><a href="https://www.marlin.org/whitepaper">https://www.marlin.org/whitepaper</a><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/marlin">https://p2p.org/marlin</a><strong><br>Guide: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/economy/stake-pond-with-marlin/">Metamask</a></p><p>  </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-54.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="455" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-54.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-54.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-54.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-54.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>The Vega protocol is a native Web3 derivative layer that aims to build a decentralised financial future to rival the current centralised products. Vega allows participants to trade derivatives on a purposely built blockchain while offering a comparable performance to that of a centralised system. The native VEGA token can be used to secure the network by staking, allowing participants to earn fees from trading. It can also be used to vote on the creation and closure of markets and several parameters that influence certain market behaviours. The network employs an incredibly high performance required to support all the margin calculations necessary to run a derivative trading platform. An interesting feature of the Vega protocol is that there are no gas fees on transactions, instead fees are only charged when a trade occurs.<br><br><strong>Website: </strong><u>https://vega.xyz/</u><strong><br>Whitepaper: </strong><u>https://vega.xyz/papers/vega-protocol-whitepaper.pdf</u><strong><br>Twitter: </strong><u>https://twitter.com/vegaprotocol</u><br><strong>P2P Staking Page: </strong><a href="https://p2p.org/vega">https://p2p.org/vega</a><strong><br>Guide: </strong><a href="https://help.p2p.org/en/articles/5715086-vega-vega-staking-guide-on-windows">Vega Wallet</a></p><hr><p><strong><strong><strong><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></strong></strong></strong><br><a href="https://p2p.org/"><em><em><em><em>P2P Validator</em></em></em></em></a><em><em><em><em> is a world-leading <strong><strong><strong><strong>non-custodial staking provider</strong></strong></strong></strong> with the best industry practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities securing more than </em></em></em>2.5<em><em><em><strong><strong><strong><strong> billion of USD</strong></strong></strong></strong> value at the time of the latest update.</em></em></em></em></p><p><em><em><em><em>P2P Validator is <strong><strong><strong><strong>trusted by over 24,000 delegators</strong></strong></strong></strong> across 25+ networks. We are a major player in all networks we support because of our experience, commitments and our <strong><strong><strong><strong>reputation</strong></strong></strong></strong>. We pay special attention to the process of governance. <strong><strong><strong><strong>P2P </strong></strong></strong></strong></em></em>has<em><em> </em></em>the<em><em> intention to contribute and provide long term support to </em></em></em>all networks they stake with.</em></p><p><br></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Kusama Kusama Validator Offline Offence - Post Mortem

<h2 id="summary"><strong>Summary</strong></h2><p>One of our Validator nodes went offline at the end of era 3281 until the start of era 3282 as the result of the corruption of a blockchain database that was being used. This led to the inability to produce blocks for <strong>2h:45m.</strong></p><h2 id="what-happened"><strong>What happened</strong></h2><p>A database that we were using to run our validator node crashed. We immediately took action and started deploying a new node using a recent snapshot of our disk. Once fully synced, new keys were generated and signed off before turning the validation service back on. As we created a new validator with the rotation of session keys, we were forced to chill for an additional epoch.</p><h2 id="customer-impact"><strong>Customer Impact</strong></h2><p>Delegators who nominated this validator and had their stake allocated to it will receive lower rewards than it could have potentially earned for 2 epochs.</p><h2 id="what-went-wrong"><strong>What went wrong?</strong></h2><p>Inadequate tools for this particular event. We did not deploy the db from our backups (pruned) because on occasion, we faced issues with our automation running too long. Additionally, we had not recovered the session keys since it’s always a risky option and the situation at hand did not warrant taking such risks.</p><h2 id="what-went-well"><strong>What went well?</strong></h2><p>It was immediately notified that the node stopped producing blocks and the root cause was identified almost instantly. This allowed us to swiftly amend the occurrence, and with the help of fully automated key rotation/verification and signing cycle, we were able to get a fully operational node running in an effective manner.</p><h2 id="lessons-learnt-and-action-plan"><strong>Lessons learnt and action plan</strong></h2><p>Improve our incident handling procedures and find a faultless and rapid fix for these kinds of events. We already improved and reached faster spin up for fully synced nodes and will implement a solution for safe session keys management.</p><p>P2P takes full responsibility for the event that led to the weak performance and we are sorry for the inconvenience. Please be assured that P2P is taking actions to eliminate even a small probability of such an event occurring in future.</p><hr><p><em>If you have any questions feel free to join our</em><a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"><em> Telegram chat</em></a><em>, we are always open for communication.</em></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Persistence Persistence (XPRT) Staking Guide - [Keplr + Ledger]

<p></p><p>This tutorial helps you stake and manage <a href="https://p2p.org/persistence">XPRT</a> tokens using the <a href="https://www.keplr.app/">Keplr</a> Browser Extension together with your <a href="https://www.ledger.com/">Ledger</a> device.<br><br><strong>This guide will help you</strong></p><ol><li>Set up your Keplr Wallet</li><li>Deposit your XPRT tokens to your wallet</li><li>Stake XPRT to earn staking rewards</li><li>Manage your XPRT stake and grow your portfolio<br></li></ol><p><strong>Before you start:</strong></p><ol><li>Download and install the newest version of <a href="https://www.ledger.com/ledger-live/download">Ledger Live</a> on your desktop machine.</li><li>Update your <a href="https://support.ledger.com/hc/en-us/articles/360013349800-Update-Ledger-Nano-X-firmware?docs=true">Ledger</a> device to the newest firmware.</li><li>Install the latest version of the Persistence App on your Ledger device.<br></li></ol><p>See below for our step-by-step guide.</p><h2 id="i-setting-up-your-keplr-wallet">I. Setting up your Keplr Wallet</h2><ol><li>Open the Keplr Browser Extension and press ‘Import Ledger’.</li></ol><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image--14-.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="685" height="449" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image--14-.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image--14-.png 685w"></figure><p>2. Type the account name you wish to use, then click ‘Next’.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-2.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="645" height="520" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-2.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-2.png 645w"></figure><p>3. Plug in and unlock your Ledger device. Open the Persistence app and click ‘Next’.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-3.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="458" height="597"></figure><p>4. Your Keplr account should now be successfully connected to your Ledger device.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-4.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="641" height="458" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-4.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-4.png 641w"></figure><p>Now you will need to deposit XPRT into your wallet.</p><h2 id="ii-deposit-persistence-xprt-into-your-keplr-wallet">II. Deposit Persistence (XPRT) into your Keplr wallet</h2><p>1. Open the Keplr Browser Extension and choose your Ledger account (via the ‘human icon’ on the top right).</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-29.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="710" height="108" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-29.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-29.png 710w"></figure><p>2. Find your Persistence wallet by selecting the drop down menu on the top.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-15.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="352" height="570"></figure><p>3. Copy your address by clicking on it as indicated in the image below. Alternatively you can select "Deposit" to find your address QR code. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-16.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="351" height="536"></figure><p>Once you have deposited your XPRT and you own a balance on your Keplr wallet, you are now ready to start staking! </p><h2 id="iii-staking-your-xprt">III. Staking your XPRT!</h2><p>1. To start staking select "Stake". You will be prompted to the web version of the Keplr wallet where you will see a list of validators. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-17.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="351" height="536"></figure><p>2.  Choose your validator (P2P.ORG - P2P Validator) then click ‘Manage’ and ‘Delegate’ in the next picture.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-19.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="2000" height="544" srcset="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w600/2022/02/image-19.png 600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1000/2022/02/image-19.png 1000w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w1600/2022/02/image-19.png 1600w, https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/size/w2400/2022/02/image-19.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>3. Choose the amount of XPRT you want to stake and click ‘Delegate’.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-22.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="489" height="523"></figure><p>4. Set your preferred fee and select "Approve". </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-25.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="353" height="576"></figure><p>5. Check the information on your Ledger device and click ‘Approve’ on it.</p><p>6. Use the Dashboard within the <a href="https://wallet.keplr.app/#/cosmoshub-4/stake">Keplr Web Wallet</a> to see whether your delegation was successful.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-27.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="354" height="599"></figure><p>Now let’s move on to managing your staking assets.</p><h2 id="iv-managing-your-persistence-xprt-stake">IV. Managing your Persistence (XPRT) stake</h2><h3 id="claim-your-xprt-staking-rewards"><strong>Claim your XPRT staking rewards</strong></h3><p>1. Open the Keplr Browser Extension and click ‘Claim’.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://p2p.org/economy/content/images/2022/02/image-28.png" class="kg-image" alt loading="lazy" width="354" height="599"></figure><p>2. Set your preferred fee and select "Approve". </p><p>3. Plug in your Ledger device, unlock, and open the Persistence app on it, then click ‘Next’ in the Browser Extension pop-up.</p><p>4. Review the transaction on your Ledger device and confirm it.</p><h3 id="compound-your-xprt-staking-rewards-to-increase-your-return"><strong>Compound your XPRT staking rewards to increase your return</strong></h3><p>To compound, you simply have to claim your XPRT rewards and go through the staking process again as in section III. That’s it!</p><p>Now you know how to delegate and compound your XPRT staking rewards using the Keplr Browser Extension together with your Ledger device.</p><p>If any questions arise, whether on XPRT staking or not, feel free to contact us via <a href="https://twitter.com/p2pvalidator">Twitter</a>, <a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking">Telegram</a>, or <a href="https://p2p.org/#contact-us">email</a>.</p><p><br><strong><strong>About P2P Validator</strong></strong><br><a href="https://p2p.org/"><em><em>P2P Validator</em></em></a><em><em> is a world-leading <strong><strong>non-custodial staking provider</strong></strong> with the best industry practices and proven expertise. We provide comprehensive due-diligence of digital assets and offer only high class staking opportunities securing more than 3<strong><strong> billion of USD</strong></strong> value at the time of the latest update.</em></em></p><p><em><em>P2P Validator is <strong><strong>trusted by over 24,000 delegators</strong></strong> across 25+ networks. We are a major player in all networks we support because of our experience, commitments and our <strong><strong>reputation</strong></strong>. We pay special attention to the process of governance. <strong><strong>P2P </strong></strong></em>has<em> </em>the<em> intention to contribute and provide long term support to the</em> Persistence (XPRT)<em> network.</em></em></p><p><br></p>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator

Near Near Incident - Post Mortem

<h2 id="tldr"><strong>TLDR</strong></h2><p><br>Due to a sudden spike of transactions, mainnet validator node ran out of disk space, leading to inability to produce blocks and corruption of the node state.</p><h2 id="what-happened"><strong>What happened?</strong></h2><p><br>Disk usage grew quite fast and mainnet pool p2p-org.poolv1.near stopped producing blocks since ~07:00 UTC on 16th of January. Epoch ended ~10:00 UTC and by that time the node had surpassed the epochal kick-out threshold for downtime. Therefore, it was scheduled for temporary kick-out for the next two epochs. While resolving the issue, the validator remained offline for the following epoch resulting in one additional forfeit epoch. Overall, the node was offline for ~3,25 epochs and the validator pool lost 4 full epochs of staking rewards.</p><h2 id="what-went-wrong"><strong>What went wrong?</strong></h2><p><br><strong>The potential impact of the issue was underestimated.</strong></p><p>It was expected to rely on a recent state snapshot that would be readily available. We had no cold backup of a recent node state while available backup nodes were subject to the same issue leading to a loss of access to a synced node. In fact, the official public back-up archives were corrupted too. A <a href="https://github.com/near/nearcore/issues/6095">GitHub issue</a> was created afterwards.</p><p><strong>Monitoring was insufficient.</strong></p><p>Near validation infrastructure was undergoing an overhaul, some monitoring facilities were offline. It was expected that the amount of space used on disk would grow more or less linearly. With ~100 GiB of free space it could last for a month. Space clogged up in a matter of days while disk monitoring was not set appropriately to catch the spike and warn in advance.</p><h2 id="what-went-well"><strong>What went well?</strong></h2><p><br>It was immediately notified that node stopped producing blocks and the root cause was identified almost simultaneously. Quite a few validators were affected by the issue, and the community was very helpful.</p><h2 id="impact-on-clients"><strong>Impact on clients</strong></h2><p><br>All our Near delegators were affected and lost four epochs of staking rewards. To compensate our delegators in full and mitigate their loss, P2P waived the fees until the end of February.</p><h2 id="lessons-learned"><strong>Lessons learned</strong></h2><p><br>We should have had better monitoring and collecting disk usage metrics from all nodes at all times including mainnet, backup and Near RPC node. It is important to ensure that back-up nodes are running &amp; synced at all times. In addition, it is important to establish the process of making cold snapshots of the node state on a regular basis and spread this practice to all available networks.</p><p>P2P takes full responsibility for the event that led to the weak performance and we are sorry for the inconvenience. Please be assured that P2P is taking actions to eliminate even a small probability of such an event occurring in future.</p><hr><p><em>If you have any questions feel free to join our</em><a href="https://t.me/P2Pstaking"><em> Telegram chat</em></a><em>, we are always open for communication. </em><br><em>Special thanks to Evgeny Kuzyakov &amp; DenysK for providing a state snapshot and general support.</em></p><hr>

Romain Van Der Cam

from p2p validator